VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):奥巴马参与运动脑损伤辩论
日期:2014-06-19 09:02

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.

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A debate has continued for years in the United States about sports-related brain injuries, or concussions. Conflicting studies add fuel to arguments on both sides.

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Now the U.S. President has stepped into the middle of the debate. Barack Obama held an informational meeting on the subject last month at the White House. He gathered representatives of professional sports groups, coaches, parents, young athletes and medical professionals to discuss the issue.

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American football is the sport often at the center of the concussion debate. But, a high school soccer player opened the meeting. Tori Bellucci is a skilled athlete. But she had to reject a college scholarship to play soccer after experiencing five concussions.

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"The reason we're here today though is, all across the country parents are also having a more troubling conversation and that's about the risks of concussions. There's a lot of concern but there's a lot of uncertainty. And as Tori's story suggests, concussions are not just a football issue. Every season you've got boys and girls who are getting concussions in lacrosse and soccer and wrestling and ice hockey as well as football."

Tackling in American football can involve the head which is how many concussions occur.

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Mr. Obama notes that sports-related head injuries are increasing each year among young people. He suggests that one reason for the rise could be that parents, teachers and coaches now better recognize the signs of a concussion. These signs include lack of balance, unclear thinking, head pain and problems with eyesight.

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The president says he does not want young people to avoid sports. Instead he is calling for more research.

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"We want our kids participating in sports. I'd be much more troubled if young people were shying away from sports. As parents though, we want to keep them safe and that means we have to have better information. The fact is, we don't have solid numbers. And that tells me that at every level we're still trying to fully grasp what's going on with this issue."

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Mr. Obama says that there is one thing all sides can agree on -- the fact that sports are very important, or vital, to American culture, identity and economy. But, he warns that sports need to be as safe as possible for young people to play.

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"The one thing we can agree on is that sports are vital to this country. And it's a responsibility for us to make sure that young, talented kids like Tori are able to participate as safely as possible. And that we are doing our job both as parents, school administrators, coaches ... to look after them."

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To help reach that goal, he announced a joint effort from the National Collegiate Athletic Association and the Department of Defense. He said the $30 million project will carry out the widest study ever of concussions.

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And that's the Health Report. I'm Anna Matteo.

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文本来自51voa,译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载

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词汇解释

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1.concussion n. 冲击;震荡;脑震荡

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Nicky was rushed to the hospital with a concussion.
尼基由于脑震荡被迅速送往了医院%QH)Z.KK!9

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2.lacrosse n. 长曲棍球

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He plans to roll out the software for other sports, including lacrosse and football, next year.
他计划明年将这套软件也应用于其他体育项目,包括长曲棍球和足球f-J3Da[9KA!d

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3.coach n. 教练;旅客车厢;长途公车;四轮大马车 vt. 训练;指导 vi. 作指导;接受辅导;坐马车旅行

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Tony Woodcock has joined the team as coach.
托尼·伍德科克已经作为教练加入了队伍qNyaNF7y+eJ9QxH

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内容解析

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1.I'd be much more troubled if young people were shying away from sports.

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shy away from 回避,退缩;躲避;羞于

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We frequently shy away from making decisions.
我们常常因为害怕而避免做决定QUT=b*s)6g;Y;(Cv

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Her eyes shy away from mine.
她一见我盯她就把自己的眼睛避开了+DQ=jNNimKx8&DDwn2eG

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参考译文

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这里是美国之音慢速英语健康报道%W=|@k]E%c2&o8Qjoo)

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美国对于运动相关脑损伤即脑震荡的争论已经持续多年,相互冲突的研究使双方争辩得更加激烈CtM,M,.qkcDN&7ZA_

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现在美国总统也加入了这场辩论中来,巴拉克·奥巴马上月在白宫就这一话题举行了信息会议&a3BY#*+VY!.S。他召集专业体育团体代表、教练、家长、年轻运动员和医学专家来讨论这一话题5&&5AR1kkAOFf

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美国足球通常都是脑震荡争论的中心话题,但宣布会议开始的是一名高中足球运动员,托里·贝鲁奇是一名训练有素的运动员91LzH!y~5l=%oC1-8*3。但她在经历了5次脑震荡后被迫放弃大学奖学金R&,^WK&)UM7Rp1|u]=Rm

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“我们今天聚集在这里,是因为全国各地的家长都对脑震荡的风险感到不安XvYZYwdlp1e2NON2。他们对此非常担心,但也存在很多不确定WJLx0|r*8h,V%.DX#;。托里的经历表明脑震荡不仅是足球问题,每个赛季都有男孩和女孩因玩曲棒球、足球、摔跤、冰球及橄榄球中发生脑震荡r!G|KEd7f9]DvF[。”

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奥巴马指出,每年有越来越多的年轻人因踢足球而头部受伤,他说增加的原因之一是家长、老师和教练越来越了解脑震荡的症状,这些症状包括缺乏平衡杆、思维不清晰、头疼和视力问题5q=Z=,n2PuWY%

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总统说他不希望青年人不再运动,而是呼吁进行更多研究3nOrLOJ++a-Rus2XJi

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“我们希望孩子们做体育运动,如果孩子们不再运动,我会更烦恼8P*ZChw*j.(。作为家长,我们希望孩子们安全,这意味着我们要了解更多信息@Y#AV~qkOUQW*ECl。事实是,我们没有确切的数字HJ!k@I!t_P1Wf7Rhg2。在各个层面上我们仍在努力对这个问题了解更多_i&S%4h;WDy~。”

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奥巴马说各方都认同的一点是,体育对美国文化、认同和经济来说至关重要3)R5;xGqJxn。但他希望体育能尽可能地保障年轻人的安全yjUs%5|w]J^Q#NQ

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“我们能认同的一点就是,体育对美国来说非常重要utf^M).0GUJ;PMwWN。我们有责任确保青年人,像托里这样有天分的孩子尽可能安全地做运动,作为家长、学校管理者和教练,我们现在需要做的是照顾好他们twhc4.HI%c5~fB|dib1。”

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为实现这一目标,他宣布全美大学生体育协会和国防部联合开展一项运动,他说这个耗资3000万美元的项目将对脑震荡进行最广泛的研究FEIkA@)eL[ycvA

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这就是健康报道,我是安娜·马特奥YF=PFVphZQv%q

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重点单词
  • troubledadj. 动乱的,不安的;混乱的;困惑的
  • jointadj. 联合的,共同的,合资的,连带的 n. 关节,接
  • uncertaintyn. 不确定,不可靠,半信半疑 (学术)不可信度; 偏差
  • athleticadj. 运动的,活跃的,健壮的
  • athleten. 运动员
  • involvevt. 包含,使陷入,使忙于,使卷入,牵涉
  • debaten. 辩论,讨论 vt. 争论,思考 vi. 商讨,辩论
  • recognizevt. 认出,认可,承认,意识到,表示感激
  • vitaladj. 至关重要的,生死攸关的,有活力的,致命的
  • avoidvt. 避免,逃避