From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.
A debate has continued for years in the United States about sports-related brain injuries, or concussions. Conflicting studies add fuel to arguments on both sides.
Now the U.S. President has stepped into the middle of the debate. Barack Obama held an informational meeting on the subject last month at the White House. He gathered representatives of professional sports groups, coaches, parents, young athletes and medical professionals to discuss the issue.
American football is the sport often at the center of the concussion debate. But, a high school soccer player opened the meeting. Tori Bellucci is a skilled athlete. But she had to reject a college scholarship to play soccer after experiencing five concussions.
"The reason we're here today though is, all across the country parents are also having a more troubling conversation and that's about the risks of concussions. There's a lot of concern but there's a lot of uncertainty. And as Tori's story suggests, concussions are not just a football issue. Every season you've got boys and girls who are getting concussions in lacrosse and soccer and wrestling and ice hockey as well as football."
Tackling in American football can involve the head which is how many concussions occur.
Mr. Obama notes that sports-related head injuries are increasing each year among young people. He suggests that one reason for the rise could be that parents, teachers and coaches now better recognize the signs of a concussion. These signs include lack of balance, unclear thinking, head pain and problems with eyesight.
The president says he does not want young people to avoid sports. Instead he is calling for more research.
"We want our kids participating in sports. I'd be much more troubled if young people were shying away from sports. As parents though, we want to keep them safe and that means we have to have better information. The fact is, we don't have solid numbers. And that tells me that at every level we're still trying to fully grasp what's going on with this issue."
Mr. Obama says that there is one thing all sides can agree on -- the fact that sports are very important, or vital, to American culture, identity and economy. But, he warns that sports need to be as safe as possible for young people to play.
"The one thing we can agree on is that sports are vital to this country. And it's a responsibility for us to make sure that young, talented kids like Tori are able to participate as safely as possible. And that we are doing our job both as parents, school administrators, coaches ... to look after them."
To help reach that goal, he announced a joint effort from the National Collegiate Athletic Association and the Department of Defense. He said the $30 million project will carry out the widest study ever of concussions.
And that's the Health Report. I'm Anna Matteo.
1.concussion n. 冲击；震荡；脑震荡
Nicky was rushed to the hospital with a concussion.
2.lacrosse n. 长曲棍球
He plans to roll out the software for other sports, including lacrosse and football, next year.
3.coach n. 教练；旅客车厢；长途公车；四轮大马车 vt. 训练；指导 vi. 作指导；接受辅导；坐马车旅行
Tony Woodcock has joined the team as coach.
1.I'd be much more troubled if young people were shying away from sports.
shy away from 回避，退缩；躲避；羞于
We frequently shy away from making decisions.
Her eyes shy away from mine.
“我们今天聚集在这里，是因为全国各地的家长都对脑震荡的风险感到不安。他们对此非常担心，但也存在很多不确定 。托里的经历表明脑震荡不仅是足球问题，每个赛季都有男孩和女孩因玩曲棒球、足球、摔跤、冰球及橄榄球中发生脑震荡 。”
“我们希望孩子们做体育运动，如果孩子们不再运动，我会更烦恼。作为家长，我们希望孩子们安全，这意味着我们要了解更多信息 。事实是，我们没有确切的数字 。在各个层面上我们仍在努力对这个问题了解更多 。”