VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):少坐可以延长寿命
日期:2014-09-19 13:03

(单词翻译:单击)

=C3ybD8B&HUPJpVifm@tE6T,XZ!Dsa

听力文本

me!TspRf&P[o

From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.

oe-cM&mnr77fNMii%Z)

If you are sitting down listening to this Health Report, stand up. Move your legs. Touch your toes, if you can. Do anything but sit.

|^oX]tUfX4~S

If you cut down on the time you spend sitting, you might live longer. New research shows that sitting less than three hours a day might extend your life by two years.

u@G*sXCMJ4

The human body is designed to move. But modern lifestyles and office jobs rarely give us the chance to move around.

n%1KSX+BxCct=.DGw;E=

Just the opposite, says Peter Katzmarzyk. He is a scientist at the University of Louisiana in the southern United States. He says that sitting is ubiquitous in our lives, meaning it is something we do all the time, everywhere. But, he adds, that does not make sitting good for us.

@Nc[%Bu5rmpOj)I3=

"Sitting is ubiquitous in our lives today. You know, we sit while we're eating, we sit in the car, we sit while we watch TV. And many of us sit for many hours at work. So on average, Americans report that they sit between four and a half to five hours a day."

zoWB~cYl+L8E+]bD17qD

Exercise is important. But so is not sitting.

p-EyQ)6N@|QL

Mr. Katzmarzyk says you may exercise often. But, he says even that does not mean you can sit for the rest of your waking hours.

X2).x#yE;ni*#I=09

"We can't throw away physical activity. It's extremely important. We have 60 years of research showing us that. But sedentary behavior is also important -- even if you exercise for 30 minutes a day. What goes on in the other 23-and-a-half hours a day is also very important."

NWECi~)xOP|Kf

Mr. Katzmarzyk and his co-workers, or colleagues, are part of a new generation of researchers studying how sitting all day affects length of life. Such studies are rare.

%02VG*-Rs=-Q#|X-I7

"This is a relatively new area of study - studies that have assessed the relationship between sitting and mortality or television viewing and mortality are very rare. There's only been a few of them, actually five or six now, in the last four or five years."

z(.LMHi^3^AEoAM-

Mr. Karzmarzyk and his colleagues used the few rare studies available to them. They found that cutting television time to less than two hours a day could add one-point four years to life.

fjl&85Fb^_2!h

New desk designs are helping

RtE]l8qt_h4;O

Change is already coming to some offices, especially in the design of desks. A "standing desk" lets people stand while they work. Another new design is called the "treadmill desk." A treadmill is an exercise machine that lets you walk in one place. Even some U.S. schools are beginning to experiment with desks that are part bicycle to keep children moving.

k&~Tj%calZ


Exercising While Working

;iPxd#hMiG3=B(h=i#

"That's one of the strategies that many companies are using now. They may have got five standing desks for their employees or a treadmill desk. I've heard of other companies where they may not buy one for everybody .. but they'll have a bank of these desks where people can go for an hour a day and answer their emails or talk on the phone."

Lf2X5tayi)4VaJ,uv)d

Mr. Katzmarzyk says studying this problem has inspired his team to make a few changes in their own lives.

TFYnie+Xx)_|re

"As a university professor, you know, it is a very sedentary occupation. We're chained to a desk in terms of writing papers and doing research. We really try to limit the amount of time we spend doing that."

U!Z;,2V#6b8~yq.r7

Suggestions for sitting less

CLLM2zqfY).XXrWn

If you work in office job or have a sedentary job, Mr. Katzmarzyk and his team suggest a few simple changes:
·get up from your desk as often as you can
·take walks at lunch time
·instead of emailing colleagues, walk to their offices and talk directly
All these activities may help you live longer.

Iz.H3L=K[8H]D.qed)A5

Research on the good effects of sitting less is published in the online journal, British Medical Journal Open.

2Kf^&E^jls4kYDI

And that's the Health Report, from VOA Learning English. I'm Anna Matteo.

F3XnYhg-vzAia7

文本来自51voa,译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载

rolvIqoZ#vcPh]Zi

词汇解释

OoaPYC&d5~]fuWotju

1.ubiquitous adj. 普遍存在的;无所不在的

EuV7KOmjb-;r

Sugar is ubiquitous in the diet.
糖在饮食中到处可见;TB*NObmgHqTO&

h67cFq1*qN

2.sedentary adj. 久坐的;坐惯的;定栖的;静坐的

0QC2bxxG@_eQn6Ucz]g]

Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle has been linked with an increased risk of heart disease.
肥胖和久坐的生活方式被认为会增加患心脏病的几率M57CkYvXGelS

c3V&DVfZ3QUY2t

3.mortality n. 死亡数,死亡率;必死性,必死的命运

u_nRe)9K%r^Bd]zke^r)

The nation's infant mortality rate has reached a record low.
该国的婴儿死亡率已达历史最低V^kYg4g#=_M(Kd

ayc*L,ezOqK-

4.treadmill n. 踏车,跑步机;单调的工作

r|7mZmgLA,35H.

He exhausted himself on an endless treadmill to pay for rent and food.
为了支付房租和食物,他精力全都耗在了一份没完没了的单调工作上W&NIFxwzrhS7]LG62_

9EkN,i=k[a8jJgM*3m

内容解析

MbozOC!uvFo.YBB

1.but they'll have a bank of these desks where people can go for an hour a day and answer their emails or talk on the phone.

)I~[iu,,(1W4o

a bank of 一堆

l5zE)1zjy2mByy+

A bank of telephoto lenses homed in on him.
一整排的远摄镜头都对准了他Li!&uwCkcB%BAc4&g,23

IkKwJNe3)aOfHkOa^o.

The typical laborer now sits in front of a bank of dials.
现如今,工人通常都是坐在一排仪表前qjI;U#gHnnKp#

AlaOy0t9FXg!F9

参考译文

c6;WvGOIph!pL+Qp7-Wt

这里是美国之音慢速英语健康报道Ycvh#IhZaE8f

eR,W6PRlER&yTcJA4po

如果你正坐着收听我们的健康报道,那么条件允许的话请站起来,活动下腿脚,触摸下脚趾头,什么都可以做,就是别坐着zSo,j_|@sj6]O&A9y~#

fE2f]i9Lcf;&It0JF

如果你能减少坐下来的时间,你可能会活得更久YyB],S2L|HH。新研究表明每天少坐三小时能延长两年的寿命.Iy-BW^pXmv#

F]7C@(OON%,

人的身体就是要活动的,但现代生活方式和办公室工作让我们很少有机会活动8nbz*Q+t4%5j!2&;vMLc

eF(JJ@G5W8%!_%Y!z-c

皮特·卡兹马兹克是美国南部路易斯安那州立大学一名科学家,他说事实恰好相反,他说我们生活中到处都要坐下来,这意味着我们到处都在坐着uiihKeb|I@。不过他说这对我们并不好y;yufL)nXb]

bZi_.f89]KnSffD

“我们日常生活中处处都要坐着,无论是吃饭时、坐车还是看电视时都要坐着,我们很多人每天要工作很多小时,所以平均来说,美国报道称美国人每天坐着的时间是4.5到5小时)-PRAgWW4]*%*fQb。”

)Y=*d&J&oUyiif

卡兹马兹克说我们或许会经常锻炼,但他说这并不意味着不睡觉的其他时间都应该坐着aw@8;&^pll#^Kk|YWng

x9Anan9dNRso

“我们不能放弃身体锻炼,这一点非常重要,我们60年的研究就说明了这一点AN1XHAH-;6^+D%。但静坐也很重要,即使是每天锻炼30分钟m.z)da7jPI6NH0*%2。一天中其他23.5小时的行为也很重要v+!NqWUE.&HZ(G46x。”

=5jU9+!b05[4A)Q%AW[M

卡兹马兹克说他的同事们也是新一代的研究者,这些研究者研究一天都坐着对寿命的影响,这样的研究很少见8t|=p!CA&S;

d51ev%yir!Y

“这是个相对新的研究领域,这种评估静坐和死亡率,或者看电视与死亡率关系的研究很少见UNs^hgAYkOapB*64wD。过去四、五年间只有五、六个这样的研究)*;dq|jY_PS。”

FhCF!;j_2lp~m*wX[a

卡兹马兹克和同事们使用可以获得的少许研究,发现将每天看电视的时间缩减到不到两小时能增加1.4年的寿命j[0_TFgy1SAq=]CJ3h^a

,LWm%#=cah)Y

有的办公室已经发生了改变,尤其是在桌子的设计上MWR!Jio|nh*P|zU-H。一种“站立桌子”让人站着工作,另一种新设计名叫“跑步机办公桌”G|(yM|y9dqo=。跑步机是一种让人在一个地方行走的锻炼器材,即使一些美国学校也开始尝试结合自行车功能的课桌来让孩子们保持活动%]b3!1nZ6O

|x,Ik-iG33[(t_Q

“很多公司现在都在使用这些策略,他们可能为雇员购买5张站立桌子或买一台跑步机桌子,我听说还有公司或许不会为每个人都买一台,但他们将有一堆这种桌子,雇员可以每天来这里呆上一小时,来回复邮件或打电话jhd7yLI^S4V。”

c+WY+*w.drP4h

卡兹马兹克说研究这一问题令他的团队受到启发,决定对自己的生活做出些许改变894.sZs,~4XL

H&*W%~^z,Lx

“要知道,作为大学教授要经常坐着,我们写论文或做研究都要伏案,我们希望限制静坐的时间!0k^l%gzvQ%3bh0。”

kEb8.d,a~J+BQf

如果你在办公室工作,或是做要经常坐着的工作,卡兹马兹克和团队建议你做出下面这些小改变:

W1%7MA2T-~=GU

尽可能多地离开你的办公桌!|%cScgig;uiQBc

wHOfJa7T&)D

午餐时间走走路pNky7DXvIDW

Z[=4IgTVwaLL-

不要给同事发邮件,直接去他们的办公室当面谈URaaUlDkBLHMMU#M

@|;[oe_#SZau=UMrSV%N

所有这些活动或许都能帮助你活得更久]Zn+7ROOQ;V7P9

z%SXy=d]*ef

有关少坐好处的研究发表在在线期刊《英国医学公开期刊》上@pSKqhY2^FO(

%].mmYPHozCf%p|kvtA

这就是健康报道,我是安娜·马特奥+kb%g4pe5dMCV_QE|PD

0mrnmykQL%b;.1tOxASpb!IX_|1ZeYbqcSjc.%ADzww
分享到
重点单词
  • rareadj. 稀罕的,稀薄的,罕见的,珍贵的 adj. 煎得
  • obesityn. 肥胖,肥大
  • laborern. 劳动者,劳工 =labourer(英)
  • typicaladj. 典型的,有代表性的,特有的,独特的
  • inspiredadj. 有创见的,有灵感的
  • sedentaryadj. 久坐的,固定不动的
  • occupationn. 职业,侵占,居住
  • ubiquitousadj. 到处存在的,遍在的
  • availableadj. 可用的,可得到的,有用的,有效的
  • mortalityn. 必死的命运,死亡数目,死亡率