From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.
A recent agreement between the American Heart Association and China could reduce deaths from heart attack and stroke in China and, possibly, beyond.
Cardiovascular disease, including stroke and heart attack, is the main cause of early death in China and many developing countries. Studies show that cardiovascular disease kills more than 17 million people around the world every year. In the next 15 years that number is expected to rise to 23 million. These deaths are, for the most part, preventable.
Douglas Boyle works for the American Heart Association. He spoke at the agreement signing ceremony in Washington, D.C. Mr. Boyle said the partnership can help people live longer and healthier lives.
The agreement between the American Heart Association and China has three main parts. It calls for increasing opportunities for researchers, healthcare providers and public health specialists in the U.S. to meet with those in China. The agreement also seeks the sharing of cardiovascular research. And, finally, it calls for training in China of life-saving techniques such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or CPR.
CPR can restart a stopped heart. CPR has helped lower death rates from heart disease in the United States by 30 percent. Improvements in medical science and educational campaigns about preventing heart disease also played a part.
The American Heart Association says teaching CPR to the people of China may help save lives. China's population is very large. So, the association says it is highly likely that a bystander will need to help someone who is in cardiac arrest. Cardiac arrest is the sudden loss of heart activity, breathing, and consciousness.
CPR combines rescue breathing and chest compressions. Rescue breathing requires breathing into the victim's mouth to provide oxygen to the person's lungs. To perform the compressions, place one hand over the other and press firmly on the center of the victim's chest repeatedly. This permits oxygen-rich blood to continue flowing until the heartbeat and breathing are restored.
The question is, will a bystander in China give CPR to a complete stranger having a heart attack?
Several media reports have suggested that people in China may be resistant to helping strangers in medical emergencies. This could be because the person helping can be held legally responsible for damage to the injured person.
Several of these reports went viral on the web.
In 2011, there was a video online of the two-year-old girl who was hit by a vehicle. The video shows eighteen people pass by her before someone helped. The little girl, Wang Yue, later died from her injuries. In 2014, a man killed himself after he helped a stranger who later demanded money from him.
These incidents may be few; but they draw attention to a lacking area of China's legal system. According to the China Daily as well as other newspapers, China does not have a national Good Samaritan law. Good Samaritan laws protect people who aid others in medical need.
I'm Anna Matteo.
1.cardiovascular adj. [解剖] 心血管的
Smoking places you at serious risk of cardiovascular and respiratory disease.
2.resuscitation n. 复苏；复兴；复活
He was given mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
3.cardiac arres 心搏停止
He died of cardiac arrest after snorting cocaine.
4.cardiopulmonary adj. 心肺的；与心肺有关的
The American Heart Association calls for chest compressions to be given at a rate of 100 per minute in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
1.Improvements in medical science and educational campaigns about preventing heart disease also played a part.
play a part 装腔骗人；扮演角色；在…中起一份作用
It is ingenuous to suppose that money did not play a part in his decision.
They played a part in the life of their community.
2.Several of these reports went viral on the web.
go viral 像病毒般扩散；广泛流传
Public opinion increasingly translates into policy action in china, particularly when issues go viral online.
Small businesses can also create a cause campaign that will go viral, but it doesn’t just happen overnight.
小型企业也能够开展获得病毒式传播的公益活动 。 不过这当然也不可能一蹴而就 。
心肺复苏包括人工呼吸和胸外按压，人工呼吸需要向患者口中呼气，让氧气进入其肺部。实施胸外按压需要将一只手按到另一只手上，对患者胸部反复用力按压 。这能让富氧血液继续流动直到心跳和呼吸恢复 。
2011年，互联网上有视频显示一名两岁女孩被车辆撞倒，在有人帮助之前曾有18个人经过她。这位名叫王悦的小女孩后来因伤势死亡 。2014年，一名男子在帮助陌生人后被要求赔偿，于是这名男子自杀了 。