Next: speak up, speak up means make sure you speak loudly enough to be heard and also recorded.
Because during the IELTS, for example, you are judged by that examiner,
and also you are recorded so that another examiner is going to listen to what you said during your English test.
So speak clearly enough that the recording will allow you to be heard properly. Okay?
Next: keep a steady pace.
That means don't speak too fast, and don't speak too slowly.
If you're not sure how fast you should speak, speak slower than you think is necessary because that way it's much more likely that you will be understood. Okay?
Next: explain any foreign words that you use as part of your answer.
What do I mean by that, and why should you be using foreign words?
Well, foreign words can also be the names of cities, for example, so if they ask you where you're from, right?
And you need to use the name of a city or a town, which is not common knowledge like London or Paris,
it may be not as common and it may not be so easy to understand.
So, instead of saying...for example, suppose you came...suppose you're from India and you come from a city called Hyderabad.
Now, Hyderabad is a bit of a mouthful, it's an unfamiliar word,
so, what you could do to make it easier and to get higher marks is instead of just saying: "I come from Hyderabad",
and the examiner might think: "What did he say? What does that mean? I don't understand."
So, they...another...a way to get around that is to say: "I come from a city in the southern part of India called Hyderabad."
Now, what you've done is you've given an explanation of what you're going to say so the listener knows that there is a word coming,
and even if I don't know it, I know what it means or what it refers to.
So it will sound, in fact, like you speak better English, because you have taken the listener into account. Okay?