Headings, divisions, lists, these are the most important things you're listening for.
When...for example, you're listening to a lecture in a university classroom, and the professor says, "So
today, we're going to look at three reasons why fracking is bad."
"Fracking"? you don't need to know.
You...from the general idea, you will have an idea what "fracking" means.
But "fracking" spelling? You don't need to know.
Specifically, the details of how fracking works, you don't need to know.
What you do need to listen to are the three reasons, so he's dividing the lecture into three topics.
Make sure that you create a heading for each reason.
So the first reason is pollution, write down "pollution".
And then you can take notes under it if you need to.
The second reason is expense, write down "expense" and whatever information comes after that.
The third reason -- whatever, you get the gist, I think.
By the way, I hope you know this word, "gist".
"Gist" is the general idea, that's what you're listening for.
If they're about to present a list, try to write down the list because this is probably important, okay?
So in the listening section, don't sit there with your eyes closed and try to remember everything you hear.
You cannot do it.
There will be quite a few questions for each listening section.
You need to make sure that you have the information on a piece of paper in front of you.
When you go to the TOEFL center, they will give you paper, they will give you a pencil.
That's what it is for: to take notes. Use it.
Next, in the speaking section, much shorter listening sections, but very important.
What are you listening for? You're listening for dates and time.
For example, "Oh, yeah. Let's meet next Tuesday."
The "next Tuesday", you have to be careful, it's not "this Tuesday", for example.
Times, a.m., p.m., you don't need specifically 5:14, you need to understand afternoon, morning, evening, etc.
If people are making plans, make sure you understand what the plans are.
Meet here, do this with these people.
That's the information you want to write down.