So you've decided to take the IELTS Exam, congratulations! Success starts with IELTS.
The speaking test is divided into three sections: Part 1 is the introduction and general questions;
Part 2 is the long turn and Part 3 is an analytical discussion.
It's important to understand the criteria on which you will be tested in the IELTS exam.
First we consider the criteria of fluency and coherence.
This is one of four criteria on which you will be tested.
We'll cover the other three in later videos.
Fluency and coherence refer to your ability to speak at length, including organizing ideas logically and appropriately signposting.
It also refers to your ability to express and justify opinions,
and to discuss and speculate about issues without long pauses or repetition of the same words.
Signposting is the use of words or phrases that indicate the direction of your thoughts.
We will give you some examples of this in a moment.
Many students tried memorizing large portions of speech to repeat during the speaking test.
But this can add unnecessary stress and sound unnatural. We don't recommend this approach.
Here are a few tips to improve your speaking test performance.
As you are speaking about a topic, build on your point of view by adding a few details.
For example if the question is "What do you do?", rather than responding with “I am a teacher.”
例如，如果考官问What do you do?与其回答I am a teacher，
You might expand this to "I have been a high school mathematics teacher in New York for over five years."
不如将其扩展，"I have been a high school mathematics teacher in New York for over five years."（我在纽约一所高中当数学老师已经五年了。）
For Part 2 of the test, use the bullet points on the Task Card to help you structure a long turn and make notes in the one minute that given using keywords.
In Part 3 particularly, it is important to develop your answers and to speak at length.
You can do this by thinking of reasons, effects, comparisons, supporting examples and personal experience.
Just make sure you are signposting what you say.