Primer Wen Jiaobao’s Press Conference 2005
[温家宝]：各位记者，女士们、先生们，大家好。据我知道，参加两会采访的中外记者有2,000 多名。因为今天会场的限制，到会采访的只有700 多名。借此机会，我对记者们对中国改革和建设的关心和客观公正的报道，表示衷心的感谢。
Wen: Ladies and gentlemen, good morning. Asyou know, there are more than 2,000 journalistsfrom China and abroad coveringthe NPC and CPPCC sessions. However, due to the limited seatingcapacity in thishall, only about 700 of them are present here. I'd like to use this opportunitytoexpress my thanks to the journalists for their interest in China's reform anddevelopment as well astheir objective and fair covering of China.
Wen: Let me also say, as a matter of fact,every person in China has great interest in the affairsof their own country.Yesterday I logged onto xinhuanet.com and saw hundreds of questions raisedbyordinary people, since they knew that I was going to give a press conference. Iwas deeplytouched by their interest in national affairs. Many of theirproposals and suggestions narrowed theserious consideration of the government.
Wen: Now the session of the NPC is over,yet the road ahead could be rather bumpy. We mustbe mindful of potential perilsand get fully prepared for the worst. We must be sober-mined, cautious,andprudent, especially when the situation is getting a little better.
Wen: Our nation has gone through so manydisasters and hardships in history that we are nowblessed with a sense ofurgency, a determination to survive and an aspiration for peace anddevelopment.Our country is so big, and problems so numerous and complex. That we, as anation,must have a courage to overcome difficulties, confidence to win and adauntless spirit to work hardand persist.
Wen: Today I'm here at this pressconference ready to answer your questions. I'll speak from myheart. I'm neithernervous nor afraid.
Xinhua: I am representing Xinhua newsagency as well as Xinhua net. On behalf of all theemployees of the Xinhua NewsAgency, I would like to thank you, Mr. Premier, for taking time outof your verybusy schedule to log onto the xinhuanet.com. Last year, you saidmacro-regulation wasa new and severe task for the government. It was no easiera task than fighting against SARS. Now ayear has passed could you comment onlast year's work with regard to macro regulation? Could youalso speak of thenew features and characteristics of macro regulation for this year? Will youintensifythese policy measures?
Wen: In the past a couple of years, we havebeen facing a battle upfront in terms of economicdevelopment. To fight thisbattle, we have combined a series of policies. We can say now thesepolicymeasures have achieved remarkable results. We have been successful in avoidingmajor upsand downs in the economy, preventing excessive price hikes, and keepingthe prices at a stable leveland maintaining stable and fairly rapid economicgrowth. Now we mustn’t slacken our efforts in theslightest way. The situationwe are facing now is like going upstream. If we don't forge ahead, wewillsimply fall back.
Wen: Let me put the problems we face inproper prospective. First, the foundation for macroregulation needs to beconsolidated further. We face considerable difficulties in further increasinggrainoutput and farmers' income. In particular, because of the soaring price forcapital goods, it ismore difficult for us to achieve these goals in terms ofgrain output and increasing farmers' income.Moreover, investment growth infixed assets may well pick up again. Coal, electricity, oil andtransportationare still in short supply. In the first two months of this year, powergenerationincreased by 12 per cent. Yet 25 provinces, including autonomousregions and municipalities directlyunder the State Council, experiencedblackouts. In the economy, the supply chain is overstretched.
Wen: Second, we are facing a series ofdilemmas in our economy. For example, a sloweconomic growth rate won't do,because it would make it more difficult for us to create jobs,increase revenue,and engage in necessary undertakings for society. Yet too fast a growth ratewon'tdo either, because if the economy is overstretched for a long time, it’sin an unsustainable situation.
Wen: Third, the problems we face in China'seconomy can all boil down to structural problems,the mode of growth patternsand institutional problems. All these deep-rooted and underlyingproblems willtake time to be addressed.
Wen: In a word, the top priority for thegovernment is to further strengthen and improve macroregulative policy measuresin order to sustain a stable and fairly rapid economic growth rate. If thejourneyis 100 miles, travelling 90 is only half of it. We mustn’t stop; we mustn’twaste our previousefforts. In the meantime, we must also pay special attentionto differentiated treatment to differentsituations by combining expansive andcontractive measures. We must also take both administrativeas well as economicmeans to achieve macro regulative objectives.