日期:2014-10-23 08:29



Primer Wen Jiaobao’s Press Conference 2005

[温家宝]:各位记者,女士们、先生们,大家好。据我知道,参加两会采访的中外记者有2,000 多名。因为今天会场的限制,到会采访的只有700 多名。借此机会,我对记者们对中国改革和建设的关心和客观公正的报道,表示衷心的感谢。

Wen: Ladies and gentlemen, good morning. Asyou know, there are more than 2,000 journalistsfrom China and abroad coveringthe NPC and CPPCC sessions. However, due to the limited seatingcapacity in thishall, only about 700 of them are present here. I'd like to use this opportunitytoexpress my thanks to the journalists for their interest in China's reform anddevelopment as well astheir objective and fair covering of China.


Wen: Let me also say, as a matter of fact,every person in China has great interest in the affairsof their own country.Yesterday I logged onto xinhuanet.com and saw hundreds of questions raisedbyordinary people, since they knew that I was going to give a press conference. Iwas deeplytouched by their interest in national affairs. Many of theirproposals and suggestions narrowed theserious consideration of the government.


Wen: Now the session of the NPC is over,yet the road ahead could be rather bumpy. We mustbe mindful of potential perilsand get fully prepared for the worst. We must be sober-mined, cautious,andprudent, especially when the situation is getting a little better.


Wen: Our nation has gone through so manydisasters and hardships in history that we are nowblessed with a sense ofurgency, a determination to survive and an aspiration for peace anddevelopment.Our country is so big, and problems so numerous and complex. That we, as anation,must have a courage to overcome difficulties, confidence to win and adauntless spirit to work hardand persist.


Wen: Today I'm here at this pressconference ready to answer your questions. I'll speak from myheart. I'm neithernervous nor afraid.

[新华社记者]:总理您好,我是新华社记者。也是新华网的记者。首先请允许我代表我们全体新华社记者,感谢总理在百忙之中登录我们的新华网。去年您曾经讲过,宏观调控对政府是一个新的重大考验,这个考验不亚于SARS 的考验。现在一年多过去了,我想请问总理的是,您对去年的宏观调控有怎样的评价?今年宏观调控有什么特点?力度会不会进一步加大?谢谢。

Xinhua: I am representing Xinhua newsagency as well as Xinhua net. On behalf of all theemployees of the Xinhua NewsAgency, I would like to thank you, Mr. Premier, for taking time outof your verybusy schedule to log onto the xinhuanet.com. Last year, you saidmacro-regulation wasa new and severe task for the government. It was no easiera task than fighting against SARS. Now ayear has passed could you comment onlast year's work with regard to macro regulation? Could youalso speak of thenew features and characteristics of macro regulation for this year? Will youintensifythese policy measures?


Wen: In the past a couple of years, we havebeen facing a battle upfront in terms of economicdevelopment. To fight thisbattle, we have combined a series of policies. We can say now thesepolicymeasures have achieved remarkable results. We have been successful in avoidingmajor upsand downs in the economy, preventing excessive price hikes, and keepingthe prices at a stable leveland maintaining stable and fairly rapid economicgrowth. Now we mustn’t slacken our efforts in theslightest way. The situationwe are facing now is like going upstream. If we don't forge ahead, wewillsimply fall back.

[温家宝]:我想换一个角度给大家讲一下。第一,宏观调控的基础还不巩固,粮食增产、农民增收的困难加大,特别是生产资料价格上涨的幅度大了。固定资产投资的规模极有可能反弹,煤、电、油、运依然紧张。一、二月份电力增长12%,但是却有25 个省市区发生拉闸限电的现象,这就反映经济生活这根弦绷得还很紧。

Wen: Let me put the problems we face inproper prospective. First, the foundation for macroregulation needs to beconsolidated further. We face considerable difficulties in further increasinggrainoutput and farmers' income. In particular, because of the soaring price forcapital goods, it ismore difficult for us to achieve these goals in terms ofgrain output and increasing farmers' income.Moreover, investment growth infixed assets may well pick up again. Coal, electricity, oil andtransportationare still in short supply. In the first two months of this year, powergenerationincreased by 12 per cent. Yet 25 provinces, including autonomousregions and municipalities directlyunder the State Council, experiencedblackouts. In the economy, the supply chain is overstretched.


Wen: Second, we are facing a series ofdilemmas in our economy. For example, a sloweconomic growth rate won't do,because it would make it more difficult for us to create jobs,increase revenue,and engage in necessary undertakings for society. Yet too fast a growth ratewon'tdo either, because if the economy is overstretched for a long time, it’sin an unsustainable situation.


Wen: Third, the problems we face in China'seconomy can all boil down to structural problems,the mode of growth patternsand institutional problems. All these deep-rooted and underlyingproblems willtake time to be addressed.


Wen: In a word, the top priority for thegovernment is to further strengthen and improve macroregulative policy measuresin order to sustain a stable and fairly rapid economic growth rate. If thejourneyis 100 miles, travelling 90 is only half of it. We mustn’t stop; we mustn’twaste our previousefforts. In the meantime, we must also pay special attentionto differentiated treatment to differentsituations by combining expansive andcontractive measures. We must also take both administrativeas well as economicmeans to achieve macro regulative objectives.

  • particularadj. 特殊的,特别的,特定的,挑剔的 n. 个别项目
  • considerationn. 考虑,体贴,考虑因素,敬重,意见 n. 报酬
  • remarkableadj. 显著的,异常的,非凡的,值得注意的
  • overcomevt. 战胜,克服,(感情等)压倒,使受不了 vi. 获
  • determinationn. (正式)决定,规定,决心,测定,定位
  • considerableadj. 相当大的,可观的,重要的
  • severeadj. 剧烈的,严重的,严峻的,严厉的,严格的
  • objectiveadj. 客观的,目标的 n. 目标,目的; 物镜 n.
  • stableadj. 稳定的,安定的,可靠的 n. 马厩,马棚,一批
  • sustainvt. 承受,支持,经受,维持,认可