City dwellers can attest that the animals they share the city with—the pigeons, rats, roaches—can be pretty brazen when they're prowling for a bite.
While visiting Barbados, McGill University neurobiologist Jean-Nicolas Audet, noticed that local bullfinches were accomplished thieves.
"They were always trying to steal our food.
And we can see those birds entering in supermarkets, trying to steal food there."
And that gave him an idea.
"Since this bird species is able to solve amazing problems in cities, and they're also present in rural areas, we were wondering" are the rural birds also good problem-solvers, and they just don't take advantage of their abilities?
Or are they fundamentally different?
So Audet and his McGill colleagues captured Barbados bullfinches, both in the island's towns and out in the countryside.
They then administered the bird equivalent of personality and IQ tests:assessing traits like boldness and fear, or timing how quickly the finches could open a puzzle box full of seeds.
And it turns out the city birds really could solve puzzles faster.
They were bolder, too, except when it came to dealing with new objects—perhaps assuming, unlike their more naive country cousins, that new things can either mean reward…or danger.
The study is in the journal Behavioral Ecology.
The city birds bested their country counterparts in another trait:they have more robust immune systems, possibly from scavenging food and water in dirty places.
Which suggests that sometimes, a city's dirt and grit could be the very thing that gives avian residents a wing up.
同时它们的胆子也更大 。但在应对新鲜事物方面则是乡村鸟儿更胜一筹，因为新鲜的事物对它们而言要么是奖励，要么是危险 。
1.equivalent of 等效
例句:It is common to ask for the equivalent of a month's rent as a deposit.
2.share with 分享
例句:All artists have part of themselves that they can never share with anyone else.
3.turn out 转出
例句:It's turned out nice again.
4.deal with 处理
例句:In dealing with suicidal youngsters, our aims should be clear.