You could be in the Arctic and spot some moss.
And then you could be at the tip of South America and spot the same kind of moss—and never find it in between.
So how did this particular plant get so well-traveled?
Turns out it flew.
We've long known that birds spread seeds.
But new research says migrating birds also spread microscopic spores.
The birds harbor tiny parts of plants and lichens in their feathers, setting up similar colonies thousands of miles apart.
That's according to a study in the journal PeerJ.
Scientists inspected feathers from birds in the Arctic that were about to leave for South America.
Fragments from mosses, algae, lichens and liverworts were trapped in the feathers.
All of which can grow into new whole organisms.
The researchers think that long-distance fliers such as the American golden-plover and the white-rumped sandpiper picked up the spores while lining their nests.
Then when the birds arrive in new places they molt, leaving behind the feathers and their precious cargo—to start growing again at the other end of the world. 。
1.turn out 结果是
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2.set up 建立；准备；安排
Saudi arabia has set up an anti-corruption agency.
The students also set up debating teams.
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4.such as 例如；譬如；诸如
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Ancillary businesses such as derivatives have thrived.