Speaking of social responsibility, what we need first of all is a basic theoretical analysis. There are a few issues that I'd like to draw your attention to. The first one is the distinction between social responsibility and corporate social responsibility. We talked of corporate social responsibility at the very beginning. Then we've participated in a couple of events organized by the International Standard Organization, which is also looking into this issue and has held three relevant international symposiums. The topic this year is specific guidance for social responsibility. Whether it's social responsibility or corporate social responsibility, the perspective of ISO is that it is about social responsibility in general rather than just a business's social responsibility. Then in this case what should be the respective responsibilities of businesses, of governments, and of NGOs including trade unions. This is the first issue we need to address.
Secondly, social responsibility is not the same as social compliance standards. Initially many regard social compliance standard as a kind technical standard for certification, which is questionable and calls for discussion. If this is true, how should certification be conducted? And as mentioned by a government official just now, whose standards should be used? If American standards are used, is it fair, just or reasonable to developing countries? Or if the standards are developed in relation to the least developed countries, do such standards make sense at all? So this is a very tough question and we are looking into it.
Another issue is the definition of social responsibility. Sometimes we use it in a broad sense and other times we use it in a narrow sense, e.g. the social responsibility issues we discussed now, and the labor standards we usually talk about. How can it be properly defined? For social responsibility in a broad sense, it covers issues like labor standards, environmental protection and even anti-corruption efforts—bribery is not allowed for businesses. It is also extended to cover consumer community and other stakeholders. With such a wide range of issues included, I am afraid it takes more than an individual business to take care of corporate social responsibility in its broad sense.