B:Yes, indeed. ID card is one of the most authoritative certificates issued by the government to show a person's status. It is very useful for a person who travels around the country. And I know that a driving license cannot be used to identify a person's status in China.
B:ID cards are issued to the Chinese citizens aged 16 or above. Citizens who are below that age, if they want, can also apply.
B:After about 20 years since the issue of the first ID cards, the Ministry of Public Security decided to issue the second generation of ID cards starting from January this year.
It is a great pleasure for me to welcome you to this meeting on such an important issue as science, information and society.Today, science and information are opening up new horizons for human development. They do so through the exchange of scientific knowledge, the expansion of education and training, and the promotion of creativity and intercultural dialogue.Our organization is required therefore to help enlarge the spread of science and information through better education.Yet science education does not take place only in universities and institutions of higher education. An early start must be made if we are to increase the numbers of students who are interested in pursuing a scientific career.The uneven distribution of science and information between the industrialized and developing countries also raises concerns. According to a UN Report, industrialized countries, with only 15% of the world's population, are home to 88% of all Internet users. Less than 1% of people in South Asia are online, even though it is home to one-fifth of the world's population. The situation is even worse in Africa. There are only one million Internet users on the entire continent whereas in the UK alone there are 10.5million. In other words, capacity-building is vital for the developing world if they are to become knowledge societies.These are some of the key issues that I hope you will discuss during the upcoming meeting. In particular, I am keen to hear your views on how this meeting can make a difference and, indeed, how science and information can make a difference in building knowledge societies.Thank you.