国粹 national treasure
地方戏班 local opera troupe
进京献艺 come to (the imperial court in) Beijing on a performance tour
汉调艺人 Han dialect artist
兼收 精华 draw on the essence of
唱词、念白、音韵 singing, dialogue making and rhyming
文戏 civil opera
武戏 martial opera
唱、念、坐、打 singing, dialogue, acting and martial arts
性格鲜明 distinctive / striking character
配角 supporting role
脸谱 facial makeup
一望便知的 telltale / telling
忠勇 loyalty and valor
猛智 vigor and wisdom
草莽英雄 Robin Hood / rebellious heroes
票友 an amateur performer
业余演员 amateur performer
慈禧太后 Empress Dowager Cixi
大戏迷 an avid Peking Opera fan
And musical instruments used in Peking Opera like Erhu, Jinghu, are blendings of inventions from many different nationalities.
Some operas are a combination of both.
Peking Opera of China is a national treasure with a history of 200 years.
每种角色又有表明身份的脸谱、扮相等 只要演员一上场 你一望便知。
Every type of role wears its own facial makeup and costume, which is so telling that you can figure out its identity the moment it appears on the stage
Amateur performers are called Piao You, some of whom were very famous, including Emperor Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty. He was not only a good amateur Peking Opera singer, but was also a skillful drummer in the Peking Opera orchestra.
生、旦、净、丑 Sheng, dan, jing, chou
One major characteristic of Peking Opera is the color painted on the face of a character. / It is suggestive of the character’s temperament and personality as well as its role and fate in the play. / It is vital to the understanding of a play.（同时运用语序调整、句子重组的技巧）