英语六级高分必备500关键句(MP3+文本) 第383期:完型语法(385)
日期:2017-12-11 10:41

(单词翻译:单击)

385. He could not plead ignorance as his excuse; he should have known what was happening in his department.
他不能以不知道做借口为自己辩护;他应该知道在自己的部门里发生了什么事。

六级词汇讲解:
plead意为“辩护;恳求”。如:
He pleaded with his mother to allow him to go to the circus.
他请求母亲答应他去看马戏。

ignorance意为“无知”。如:
I regret my ignorance on the subject.
我为自己对这个课题的无知感到遗憾。

第二个分句中的should have known即“should+have+过去分词”结构。 should have done sth.表示“本应做某事而没有做”,shouldn’t have done sth.表示“做了本不应做的事”。如:
1)You should have come back earlier.
你本应早点回来。(实际上没早回来)
2)You shouldn’t have gone there yourself.
你本不应该自己去那里。(实际上自己去了)

英语六级考点归纳:
excuse通常作名词,意为“借口”,如在本句中。但是excuse也可以作动词,表示“为……找借口;原谅”。如:

She stood up,excused herself and walked out of the meeting.
她站起身来,为中途离开致歉,然后走出会场。
Please excuse my bad handwriting.
请原谅,我的字写得不好。

分享到