英语六级高分必备500关键句(MP3+文本) 第332期:阅读理解(231)
日期:2017-07-06 14:55

(单词翻译:单击)

334.The obesity epidemic began in the 1980s, and many people attribute it to increased portion sizes and inactivity, but that can't be everything.

肥胖症始于20世纪80年代,许多人把它归因于食物分量的增加和缺乏运动,但这并不是全部原因。


六级词汇讲解:
本句结构较为简单,句中的epidemic的本义为"传染病,流行病",而此处obesity epidemic是指"肥胖症"。portion的本义为"部分;命运;分配",但此处意为"(食物的)一份,一客"。inactivity意为"静止,不活动"。attribute to则指"把……归因于"。如:
He attributed his failure to bad luck.

他把自己的失败归因于运气差。


英语六级考点归纳
与attribute to近义的短语还有:
ascribe sth. to sth.意为"把……归功于……。如:
He ascribed his success to his years of hard work.

他把自己的成就归功于多年的努力工作。


put down to意为"归因于"。如:
His indifference should be put down to his childhood memory.

他的冷漠应该归因于他童年的记忆。


due to意为"归功于,由于"。如:
Due to his carefulness,the whole team has lost their last chance.
由于他的粗心,整个团队丧失了最后的机会。
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