英语六级高分必备500关键句(MP3+文本) 第313期:阅读理解(212)
日期:2017-06-06 15:51

(单词翻译:单击)

315.Another factor contributing to the tendency to deny the assumption of a fixed human nature was that the concept has so often been abused as a shield behind which the most inhuman acts are committed.

另一个使人们趋向于否定人类本性是不变的这一假设的因素是,这一概念经常被滥用,以其为挡箭牌,许多丧失人性的行为在其背后发生。


六级词汇讲解:
本句的主干是Another factor...was that...。其中现在分词短语contributing to the tendency to...human nature作定语,修饰factor; that引导的是一个表语从句,该从句中又包含一个介词behind+which引导的定语从句修饰shield。
tendency意为"趋向,趋势"。如:
He had a tendency to shrink up whenever attention was focused on him.

每当人们的注意力集中在他身上时,他就会畏缩不前。


assumption意为"假设,设想"。如:
The facts proved my assumption wrong.

事实证明我的设想是错的。


abuse意为"滥用,妄用"。如:
The president never abuses his privilege.

总统从不滥用特权。


shield意为"屏障,防护物"。如:
Dark glasses are effective shields against the glare.

墨镜能有效地阻隔强光、保护眼睛。


commit意为"犯(错误,罪行等),干(坏事等)"。如:
He was accused of committing a murder.

他被指控犯了谋杀罪。


英语六级考点归纳
commit含义丰富,以下是它的一些常见用法。
表示"犯罪;犯错"。如:
He committed murder when he was drunk.
他喝醉时犯下了杀人罪。
For one reason or another, the young girl committed suicide.

不知什么原因,那个年轻的女孩自杀了。


表示"承诺;使自己受约束,使作出保证;承担"。如:
He refused to commit himself to any sort of promise.
他拒绝作出任何承诺。
Mary committed responsibilities to an assistant.

玛丽承担起助理的责任。


表示"把……托付给;委托;委任"。如:
He committed his son to the care of his uncle.

他把儿子交给他叔叔照顾。


表示"忠于(某个人、机构等);全心全意地投入(工作、活动等)"。如:
She didn't want to commit herself to working at weekends.

她可不想把周末献给工作。


表示"监禁,下狱;把……交付看管;判处(徒刑等)"。如:
The judge committed him to prison.
法宫判他入狱。
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