英语六级高分必备500关键句(MP3+文本) 第305期:阅读理解(204)
日期:2017-05-20 17:16

(单词翻译:单击)

307.The multivitamins question boils down to this: Do you need to wait until all the evidence is in before you take them, or are you willing to accept that there's enough evidence that they don't hurt and could help?

归根结底,复合维生素的问题是:你想等到所有的证据都确凿以后才服用它们,还是愿意承认,事实上它们本身无害,而且对身体有益?


六级词汇讲解:
本句的主干是The multivitamins question boils down to this...。冒号后的内容对主句进行补充说明,这部分为两个并列的一般疑问句,第一个疑问句中分别包含until和before引导的时间状语从句,第二个疑问句中包含that引导的宾语从句that there's enough*..could help作accept的宾语,该从句中又包含一个that引导的同位语从句that they don't hurt and could help对evidence进行具体说明。
boil down to意为"归结为,简化为"。如:
Most of the crimes may boil down to a question of money.

大多数犯罪都可以归结为金钱问题。


be in意为"到达,来临"。如:
Is the train in?

火车进站了吗?


be willing to意为"愿意,乐意"。如:
I'm willing to share in the work.

我愿意分担这项工作。


英语六级考点归纳
l hurt、injure、wound和harm这一组动词都有"伤害,受伤"的意思。
hurt为普通用语,没有injure正式,常用于口语。既可指肉体上的伤害,也可指精神上、感情上的伤害,多指伤痛。如:
I hurt my hand on that broken glass.
那块碎玻璃把我的手割伤了。
He hurt me/my feelings by ignoring me.
他对我的忽视让我感到很受伤。
injure为普通用词,常指各种性质的身体上或精神上的伤害,强调功能的损失,也可指损害(感情),损害(名誉)。如:
They were badly injured when the car crashed.
汽车撞毁时,他们受了重伤。
A report like that could injure his reputation.
类似那样的报道可能会损害他的名誉。
wound指枪伤、刀伤、刺伤等身体上较重的伤害,尤其指用武器有意造成的伤口、伤疤或战场上受伤,还可以指精神上的创伤。如:
The shot wounded the soldier's left arm.
子弹打伤了士兵的左臂。
He felt that he was wounded in self esteem.
他感觉自尊心受到了伤害。
harm常用于口语,表示肉体或精神上的伤害均可以,这类伤害往往会引起不便或不安。如:
Fortunately, no one was harmed in the fire.
幸运的是,没有人在这场火灾中受伤。
She forgave all those who had harmed her.
她原谅了所有曾羟伤害过她的人。
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