It circles up, it loops down, it twists around before arriving at point B and all of those things happen simultaneously.
Well, when you apply this concept to black holes, it means that you have to consider all of the possible arrangements of space-time within black holes.
Because all of them are simultaneously real.
And one of the possible arrangements of space-time is a wormhole.
So these are these weird theoretical bridges shortcuts in space and time.
And there's a chance that the inside of a black hole is connected to the inside of another black hole through a wormhole.
Well, you have to take this possibility.
This chance into account physicists recently figured out.
And when they did, everything changed. The equations that they used to describe the entropy in black holes, basically a description of the amount of disorder gave a totally different answer and they pointed to a solution for a way that information could escape black holes.
And this way is called an island.
Now of all the weird things we've talked about already, this is the weirdest.
This is the idea that deep within black holes, there's a special region called an island.
And this region is both inside the black hole and also outside the black hole at the same time.
And that the information that's within the island, since it's inside and outside, can escape the black hole's destruction and is never truly destroyed, even if the black hole evaporates away completely and disappears.
And this seemed to resolve the paradox.
So there are a lot of questions still to be answered.
Everything's not totally settled and not all physicists agree that this is the solution.
But it definitely does seem to point way forward toward resolving the paradox, showing how information can escape from black holes and pointing us toward a future where we can describe black holes finally, with a consistent physical theory.
Just in case you wanna know more about some of these really mind bending concepts that we've been talking about, check out the September issue of Scientific American,
where we have a bunch of articles describing in detail, all of these new ideas, along with a really cool video that draws it out for you, if you're a visual person and want to see what these things might look like.
Thanks for listening for 60-Second Science. I'm Tulika Bose.