The other day I went to an amusement park with my soon to be four-year-old son and I watched him play arcade games.
He was incredibly focused, throwing his ball at the target.
Jewish mother that I am, I skipped twenty steps, and was already imagining him as a major league player.
With what is his aim and his arm and his concentration, but then I realized what he want.
He was playing to trade in his tickets for the crappy plastic toys.
The prize was much more exciting than the game to get it.
I of course want to urge him to take joy and the challenge of the game, the improvement upon practice, the satisfaction of doing something well, and even feeling the accomplishment when achieving the game's goals.
But all these aspects were shaded by the little ten-cent plastic man, with sticky stretchy blue arms that adhere to the walls.
That was the prize.
In a child's nature, we see many of our innate tendencies.
I saw myself in him and perhaps you do too.
Prizes serve as false idols everywhere, prestige, wealth, fame, power.
You will be exposed to many of these, if not all.
Of course part of why I was invited to come to speak today beyond my being a proud alumna is that I've recruited some very coveted toys in my life, including a not so plastic, not so crappy one, an Oscar.
So we bump up against the common troll I think of the commencement address people who have achieved a lot telling you that the fruits of the achievement are not are not always to be trusted.
But I think that contradiction can be reconciled and in fact instructed.
Achievement is wonderful when you know why you're doing it.
And when you don't know, it can be a terrible trap.
1. soon to be 即将成为
例句：The compatibility of boy and girl (soon to be husband and wife) was of little account to her; neither was the potential for mutual affection between them.
2. throw at 投向，掷向
例句：But others filled bottles with petrol to throw at the police lines.
3. serve as 担任…，充当…；起…的作用
例句：The solutions below are descriptions of how these issues have been recurrently solved and may serve as a pattern to help you on your next project.
4. bump up against 碰到 遇到（困难）
He ran to the rear only to bump up against a burning German tank.
5.be exposed to
例句：This liquid is not to be exposed to air, for it will soon evaporate.