W: Now, Dr. Harley. Since learning a second language is a difficult process, you know, in one way or another.
W: Are there any methods so far if they give methods to teach a second language?
M: There again. No method is absolutely effective in all situations. Some may prove effective, others may not.
M: I mean, all depending on specific conditions. But generally speaking, there are a number of methods that have been used to teach a second language.
W: Could you mention a few?
M: For instance, there is the traditional method. This method is based on translation from one language to another and emphasizes grammar teaching.
M: And then you have direct method, which focuses on conversational skills and all teaching must be carried out in the second language.
W: Oh, I see. Any other methods?
M: Yes. For example, the audiolingual method. This method emphasizes speaking and listening before reading and writing.
W: How interesting!
M: Then you have the immersion method. This method teaches learners exclusively through the medium of the second language.
M: Well, it simply means that you can not speak mother tongue. Everything must be done in the language you are learning.
M: To me, the most natural method of learning a new language is what I call submersion.
M: That is, to go to that country and be surrounded exclusively by speakers of that language.
W: Thank you very much, Dr. Harley, for introducing some of the language teaching methods. Now let's move on to something a bit theoretical.
W: Since second language acquisition and teaching are fascinating area for researchers, are there any theories to explain second language acquisition?
M: Yes, many theories and models have been put forward by researchers so far. Today, I'd like to mention the five hypotheses proposed by Stephen Krashen.
M: The five hypotheses, or what he calls, the monitor model of second language learning.