You can consider ways to protect yourself when you start seeing these signs coming on.
So you might decide to withdraw from a stressful situation or reward yourself with equal amounts of low stress activity time.
That's really the first important way to deal with stress appropriately.
The second important way to deal with stress is to pay attention to your body's demands.
Most psychologists are finding that a good exercise program, good nutrition, decreases the amount of stress, or the effect of stress on the body or in the mind.
And this seems quite apparent because exercise can provide a stress-free environment away from your usual stresses and it keeps your body busy and preoccupied with non-stressful things.
OK, the third thing to reduce stress is to make plans and act when appropriate.
What is suggested is that rather than wasting energy on worrying, an individual can direct his or her energy to plan the steps and act.
And often, just the planning of the action helps to reduce the stress, because it reduces the worrying.
And also the results of the plans or action may serve to remove or weaken the original cause of the stress.
Please notice that I just now said "when appropriate". And this next suggestion has to do with that idea of when appropriate.
The third suggestion was to make plans and act when appropriate, rather than just sit around and worry.
But the fourth plan, or fourth idea, says to learn to accept situations which are out of your control.
These two then go hand in hand.
You can make plans and act when it's appropriate,
but when it's not appropriate, or when it's impossible, the only way is to learn to accept that some things are unchangeable and out of your hands.
So, for example, if you are in traffic, lateness caused by traffic is out of your hands.
There's no sense in getting really crazy about that. If you do so, it only increases your stress to waste energy trying to resist what's inevitable or what can't be avoided.
The last item that psychologists suggest is to pace your activities. By "pace", I mean giving yourself some manageable tasks to do at a reasonable speed.
That is, you go at a speed that you can handle, break your task into manageable parts, rather than try to deal with the whole task all at once.
So, as an example in your lives as students, a whole term paper might feel overwhelming.
But if you say to yourself, today I'm going to the library and gather resources, tomorrow, I'm going to read three articles, and so on,
you'll have broken this one large task, that's writing a term paper, down into many smaller and more manageable tasks.
This will certainly reduce your stress. Ok. Having said all these, I want you to remember that the problem is not in the stressful experiences themselves.
We all experience stress and stressful events. The problem is in our reactions to these experiences.
And each of us has our own limits for stress and our own ways of coping with stress.
So long as we have our own appropriate ways, stress or stressful situations can certainly be dealt with.
Ok. That's all for today's lecture. See you next week.