2016年考研英语(一)阅读真题(MP3+字幕)第1篇 Fashion Industry's Body Ideals
日期:2017-09-08 18:38


France, which prides itself as the global innovator of fashion, has decided its fashion industry has lost an absolute right to define physical beauty for woman.
Its lawmakers gave preliminary approval last week to a law that would make it a crime to employ ultra-thin models on runways.
The parliament also agreed to ban websites that "incite excessive thinness" by promoting extreme dieting.
Such measures have a couple of uplifting motives.
They suggest beauty should not be defined by looks that end up with impinging on health.
That's a start.
And the ban on ultra-thin models seems to go beyond protecting models from starving themselves to death – as some have done.
It tells the fashion industry that it must take responsibility for the signal it sends women, especially teenage girls, about the social tape – measure they must use to determine their individual worth.
The bans, if fully enforced, would suggest to woman (and many men)that they should not let others be arbiters of their beauty.
And perhaps faintly, they hint that people should look to intangible qualities like character and intellect rather than dieting their way to size zero or wasp-waist physiques.
The French measures, however, rely too much on severe punishment to change a culture that still regards beauty as skin-deep-and bone-showing.
Under the law, using a fashion model that does not meet a government-defined index of body mass could result in a $85,000 fine and six months in prison.
The fashion industry knows it has an inherent problem in focusing on material adornment and idealized body types.
In Denmark, the United States, and a few other countries, it is trying to set voluntary standard for models and fashion images that rely more on peer pressure for enforcement.
In contrast to France's actions, Denmark's fashion industry agreed last month on rules and sanctions regarding age, health, and other characteristics of models.
The newly revised Danish Fashion Ethical charter clearly states, we are aware of and take responsibility for the impact the fashion industry has on body ideals, especially on young people.
The charter's main tool of enforcement is to deny access for designers and modeling agencies to Copenhagen Fashion Week(CFW), which is run by the Danish Fashion Institute.
But in general it relies on a name-and–shame method of compliance.
Relying on ethical persuasion rather than law to address the misuse of body ideals may be the best step.
Even better would be to help elevate notions of beauty beyond the material standards of a particular industry.

  • inherentadj. 内在的,固有的
  • incitev. 煽动,刺激,激励
  • intellectn. 智力,理智,才智非凡的人,知识份子
  • massn. 块,大量,众多 adj. 群众的,大规模的 v.
  • impactn. 冲击(力), 冲突,影响(力) vt. 挤入,压紧
  • definev. 定义,解释,限定,规定
  • voluntaryadj. 自愿的,志愿的 n. (教堂礼拜仪式前后或进行
  • severeadj. 剧烈的,严重的,严峻的,严厉的,严格的
  • particularadj. 特殊的,特别的,特定的,挑剔的 n. 个别项目
  • ethicaladj. 道德的,伦理的,民族的