日期:2016-12-15 14:47


3.Cluster Bombs
Among the most indiscriminate weapons out there, cluster bombs are very close to the top.
Dropped out of an airplane flying by, a single bomb suddenly transforms into hundreds or even thousands smaller ones, covering an area the size of three football fields.
Now, either intentional or by accident, 30 percent or higher of these don't go off and can lie dormant for years or even decades, just waiting for an unfortunate someone to step on or pick them up.
They aren't designed to destroy buildings, but rather to hit infantry, roads or airstrips.
Many countries around the world still suffer their plight, years after their conflicts have ended.


It is estimated that between 2010 and 2014, 92 percent of all cluster bomb casualties were civilian, half of whom were children.
During the 2003 invasion of Iraq over 1,500 cluster bombs were detonated over Baghdad, some of which ended up in residential areas.
US Air Force General and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Richard Myers declared that only one civilian was reported to being killed in the attack.
What he was referring to were air-launched cluster bombs, but he did omit to talk about the surface-launched ones, which are believed to have caused many more civilian casualties.
In 2008 a UN convention banned the use of these weapons and more than 100 countries, including the UK have signed it. Other countries like the US, Russia, China, India and Pakistan have not.
Moreover, recent evidence points out that Russia has used a new type of cluster bomb over Syria in an attack against opponents of President Bashar al-Assad , plaguing the country for years to come.

2.Nuclear Missiles
Nuclear missiles are the most terrifying things we have ever built. Coming so close to wiping ourselves off the face of the planet during the Cold War, it would have made sense to rid ourselves of this horrific danger always looming in the background.
Well, that didn't happen and there is still enough nuclear arsenal in the world to wipe out all life as we know it, ten times over.
Of the roughly 16,000 nuclear warheads in existence, more than 90 percent belong to Russia and the United States. Of these, 10,000 are in military service while the rest await dismantlement.
Other countries with nuclear capabilities include France, China, the UK, Pakistan, India, Israel, and North Korea.
Most of us know or have heard about the devastating effects a nuclear detonation can have, and pretty much anyone has seen at least one such explosion somewhere on TV or the internet, so it's no point in giving you any more details.


Even though nuclear weapons haven't been used in active warfare since the end of WWII by the US against Japan, many test detonations have been performed all around the globe since then.
These tests ended in 1998 with both India and Pakistan detonating such weapons for the first time. In 2006 however, North Korea detonated its own nuclear bomb.
Though small in comparison with what's out there, they have since performed two more tests in 2009 and 2013, with the former being 50 times more powerful than the one 7 years earlier.
Efforts are being made to reduce the number of these extremely dangerous warheads, and hopefully one day, eliminate them completely.
However progress is slow at best and given the secretive nature with which most governments treat information about their nuclear arsenals, ridding ourselves of them will be a very long process.
Nuclear missiles may not have the Death Star's capability to take out an entire planet, but they can certainly take out a sizable chunk of one.

What can be worse than a nuclear weapon, you may ask? Well, if you were to combine one with a cluster bomb you would end up with a MIRV (Multiple Independently-targetable Reentry Vehicle).
As compared to an ordinary nuclear ballistic missile, where one bomb equals one nuclear mushroom, a MIRV flies off at the edge of space, breaks off into a dozen remotely guided bombs, which then fall back to the ground.
Being smaller and accompanied by confusing flares, these nuclear ordnances are far more difficult to take down.


This technology has been around as early as the 1960's and was one of the major reasons for the escalation of the nuclear arms race during the Cold War.
They would be primarily used to take down fixed targets like missile silos or airstrips, but keeping in mind that these are still nuclear weapons, collateral damage is inevitable.
Currently the US Minuteman missile system carries 3 nuclear bombs, while the Trident system, used by both the US and UK, carries twelve.
Only one such weapon is enough to wipe most European capital cities off the map completely, killing millions of innocent people in the process.

  • confusingadj. 使人困惑的,令人费解的 动词confuse的现
  • vehiclen. 车辆,交通工具,手段,工具,传播媒介
  • coveringn. 覆盖物,遮避物 adj. 掩护的,掩盖的
  • devastatingadj. 毁灭性的,令人震惊的,强有力的
  • escalationn. 增加;扩大;逐步上升
  • capabilityn. 能力,才能,性能,容量
  • omitvt. 省略,删去,遗漏
  • multipleadj. 许多,多种多样的 n. 倍数,并联
  • innocentadj. 清白的,无辜的,无害的,天真纯洁的,无知的
  • detonationn. 爆炸,爆裂,爆炸声