The Asch Conformity Experiment
The Asch Conformity Experiment was a famous psychology experiment meant to show how likely people are to agree with the majority, even if they know the majority is wrong.
Solomon Asch, a Polish psychologist, conducted this experiment in 1951.
He gathered some volunteers, who were put into small groups for the experiment.
However, there was only one real volunteer in each group.
The other people were actors.
Asch would show the group two cards: one with a line on it, and the other with three different lines.
One of the lines on the second card matched the line on the first card.
He would then ask the participants to pick the line that matched.
Every once in a while, the actors all picked the wrong line, and waited for the volunteer to say their answer.
About 75% of the volunteers picked the wrong answer in agreement with the group.
This proved Asch’s theory, that people are likely to trust the opinion of a group over the opinion of an individual, even if they believe the group is wrong.