Section 1： English-Chinese Translation (50 points)
LECCO, Italy — Each morning, about 450 students travel along 17 school bus routes to 10 elementary schools in this lakeside city at the southern tip of Lake Como. There are zero school buses.
In 2003, to confront the triple threats of childhood obesity, local traffic jams and — most important — a rise in global greenhouse gases abetted by car emissions, an environmental group here proposed a retro-radical concept: children should walk to school.
They set up a piedibus (literally foot-bus in Italian) — a bus route with a driver but no vehicle. Each morning a mix of paid staff members and parental volunteers in fluorescent yellow vests lead lines of walking students along Lecco’s twisting streets to the schools’ gates, Pied Piper-style, stopping here and there as their flock expands.
At the Carducci School, 100 children, or more than half of the students, now take walking buses. Many of them were previously driven in cars. Giulio· Greppi, a 9-year-old with shaggy blond hair, said he had been driven about a third of a mile each way until he started taking the piedibus. “I get to see my friends and we feel special because we know it’s good for the environment,” he said.
Although the routes are each generally less than a mile, the town’s piedibuses have so far eliminated more than 100,000 miles of car travel and, in principle, prevented thousands of tons of greenhouse gases from entering the air, Dario Pesenti, the town’s environment auditor, estimates.
The number of children who are driven to school over all is rising in the United States and Europe, experts on both continents say, making up a sizable chunk of transportation’s contribution to greenhouse-gas emissions. The “school run” made up 18 percent of car trips by urban residents of Britain last year, a national survey showed.
In 1969, 40 percent of students in the United States walked to school; in 2001, the most recent year data was collected, 13 percent did, according to the federal government’s National Household Travel Survey. Lecco’s walking bus was the first in Italy, but hundreds have cropped up elsewhere in Europe and, more recently, in North America to combat the trend.
Towns in France, Britain and elsewhere in Italy have created such routes, although few are as extensive and long-lasting as Lecco’s.
Section 2： Chinese-English Translation (50 points)
Section 1：英译汉（50 分）
Section 2：汉译英（50 分）
The changing global climate has profound effects on the existence and development of human which is a major challenge for every country. There are climate changes in the course of the history of human, they suffered from the natural factors and also the mankind’s activities, the climate change is an environmental problem and—most important—a development problem, it is also closely related with the development stages、life style、population size、resource endowment and international industrial division of every country
After all, we should solve the problem of climate change in the course of development, and also be solved rely on the collaborative development. China has formulated and implemented National Program on Climate Change , which proposes definitely some binding state quotas such as slash the energy consumption per unit of GDP and discharge of major pollutant, increase the percentage of forest cover and the proportion of renewable resources from the year of 2005 to 2010.
China pays much attention to and actively promotes the all-round, coordinated and sustainable development scientific development which puts the interests of people as the first consideration, China has proposed the momentous strategic task of promoting a conservation culture memorably, emphasized on persisting in the basic state policy of resource-saving environmental protection, Continued to take the path of sustainable development and made contributions to responding to the climate change constantly in the process of speeding up the constructing of an conservation minded and environment friendly society as well as constructing an innovative country.
From now on, China will include replying to the climate change into the economic and social development planning, and continue to take drastic measures. Firstly, reinforce the energy-saving and increase energy efficiency to achieve the goal that the per unit of GDP and carbon dioxide emission will drop markedly by 2020 from 2005. Secondly, develop renewable energy sources and nuclear energy vigorously. Thirdly, increase forest carbon-sink vigorously. Fourthly , develop green economy with efforts, develop low carbon economy and recycling economy actively, develop and popularize climate-friendly technology.