2021年6月英语六级听力真题 短文(2)
日期:2021-07-09 16:20

(单词翻译:单击)

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Passage Two

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短文2

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At the beginning of the twentieth century, on the Gulf coast in the US state of Texas, there was a hill where gas leakage was so noticeable that schoolboys would sometimes set the hill on fire.

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20世纪初,在美国德克萨斯州的墨西哥湾沿岸,有一座小山,那里的天然气泄漏非常明显,以至于学生们有时会点燃这座山!!i,0_#0BfLH

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Patio Higgins, a disreputable local businessman, became convinced that there was oil below the gassy hill.

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帕基·希金斯是一个声名狼藉的当地商人,他开始相信在充满天然气的山底下有石油p2~3Jf*SjyH

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Oil wells weren't drilled back then.

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那时还不钻油井VW8HxspfLooE8y=n1DB

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They were essentially dug.

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他们本来是挖井的Eit5ygWSOkIp;

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The sand under the hill defeated several attempts by Higgins’ workers to make a proper hole.

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希金斯的工人们几次尝试,想挖个合适的洞,但山下的沙子挡住了他们*u,dKKB)5Jn.*oDo

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Higgins had forecast oil at 1000 feet, a totally made-up figure.

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希金斯预测石油在1000英尺深的地方,这完全是一个随便想出来的数字,G;3-eZM@.b9|!|r

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Higgins subsequently hired a mining engineer, captain Anthony Lucas.

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希金斯随后雇了一名采矿工程师——船长安东尼·卢卡斯

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After encountering several setbacks, captain Lucas decided to use a drill, and his innovations created the modern oil drilling industry.

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在经历了几次挫折后,卢卡斯船长决定使用钻机,他的创新方法创造了现代石油钻探行业0]qL!ub5u,t*n;&#=(

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In January 1901, at 1020 feet, almost precisely the depth predicted by Higgins Wild Gas,

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1901年1月,在1020英尺的地方,几乎和希金斯天然气公司预测的一样深,

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the well roared and suddenly ejected mud and six tons of drilling pipe out of the ground, terrifying those present.

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油井咆哮着,突然从地下喷出泥浆和六吨重的钻杆,吓坏了在场的人0Or_NC1Kk|]17#qRKV

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For the next nine days until the well was capped, the well poured out more oil than all the wells in America combined.

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在接下来的9天里,直到油井被封堵为止,该井的出油量超过了美国所有油井的总和P6!.+5|Z(_OM3i--&x

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In those days, Texas was almost entirely rural, with no large cities and practically no industry.

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那个时候,德州几乎完全是农村,没有大城市,也几乎没有工业wR_oR,9,QSTzoYhnSlky

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Cotton and beef were the foundation of the economy.

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棉花和牛肉是经济的基础d3XflRa856D

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Higgins’ well changed that.

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希金斯改变了这一点;@t|[rNI24*~kayGv

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The boom made some prospectors millionaires, but the sudden surplus of petroleum was not entirely a blessing for Taxas.

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经济繁荣使一些采矿者成为了百万富翁,但是石油的突然过剩对德州来说并不完全是好事RI)uXa2*h7+V@[Dc*tE

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In the 1930s, prices crashed to the point that in some parts of the country, oil was cheaper than water.

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20世纪30年代,油价暴跌到在美国某些地区,石油比水还便宜的地步_FE~lZ]UmmG+%w

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That would become a familiar pattern of the boom or bust Texas economy.

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这将成为德州经济繁荣或萧条的常见模式IGpwYvpzeg+r5

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Q12: What did Texas businessmen Patio Higgins believe?

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问题12:得克萨斯州的商人帕基·希金斯相信什么?

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Q13: What prevented Higgins’ workers from digging a proper hole to get the oil?

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问题13:是什么阻止希金斯的工人挖一个合适的洞来获取石油?

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Q14: What does the passage say about Captain Lucas' drilling method?

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问题14:关于卢卡斯船长的钻井方法,这篇文章说了什么?

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Q15: What do we learn about Texas's oil industry boom?

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问题15:关于德克萨斯州的石油工业繁荣,我们了解到了什么?

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