2021年6月英语六级听力真题 短文(1)
日期:2021-07-09 16:17

(单词翻译:单击)

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Passage One

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短文1

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Scientists often use specialized jargon terms while communicating with laymen.

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科学家在与非专业人员交流时经常使用专业术语Qni6yz~7LE

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Most of them don't realize the harmful effects of this practice.

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他们中的大多数人没有意识到这种做法的危害7!GY0hXiKt7gnCo3

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In a new study, people exposed to jargon when reading about subjects like autonomous vehicles and surgical robots

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在一项新的研究中,阅读如自动驾驶汽车和手术机器人等主题时接触到专业术语人们

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later said they were less interesting in science than others who read about the same topics, but without the use of specialized terms.

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后来说,他们对科学的兴趣不如那些阅读不含专业术语的相同主题的人高9M|Z[e%oOLvf6,m&E2|

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They also felt less informed about science and less qualified to discuss science topics.

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他们还觉得自己对科学了解较少,没有资格讨论科学话题Zem9kCwX!yN)2KP_Z

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It's noteworthy that it made no difference if the jargon terms were defined in the text.

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值得注意的是,文本中是否对专业术语进行定义解释,并没有什么区别gu2MK8K&+6([!N

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Even when the terms were defined, readers still felt the same lack of engagement as readers who read jargon that wasn't explained.

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即使对这些术语进行定义解释,读者仍然会感到缺乏参与感,就像那些阅读没有解释的术语的读者一样4WqG94nHRd

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The problem is that the mere presence of jargon sends a discouraging message to readers.

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问题在于,仅仅是术语的出现就会给读者传递一种令人沮丧的信息i@B,jRskj_s%Zl)N

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Hillary Schulman, the author of the study, asserts that specialized words are a signal.

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这项研究的作者希拉里·舒尔曼声称,专业词汇是一种信号RhhV-Ih3LEK

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Jargon tells people that the message isn't for them.

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专业术语告诉人们,这条信息不适合他们S0BBKAUi@=CU

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There's an even darker side to how people react to jargon.

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人们对术语的反应还有更不好的一面mzJc4V%k+FeBW

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In another study, researchers found that reading scientific articles containing jargon led people to doubt the actual science.

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在另一项研究中,研究人员发现,阅读含有术语的科学文章会让人怀疑真正的科学4h!n)]ZqBf2U

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They found the opposite, when a text is easier to read.

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他们发现,当文本更容易阅读时,情况恰恰相反|cRjz8@MaEwvy]J)O~+^

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Then, people are more persuaded.

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这样,人们更容易被说服gVz=3]a4M8.ZZje

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Thus, it's important to communicate clearly when talking about complex science subjects.

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因此,在谈论复杂的科学问题时,清晰地沟通是很重要的3!,Gdt-5_%TTXFi-gR)

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This is especially true with issues related to public health, like the safety of new medications and the benefits of vaccines.

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在公共卫生问题上尤其如此,比如新药的安全性和疫苗的好处J.mc8m]*G6VI

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Schulman concedes that the use of jargon is appropriate with scientific audiences.

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舒尔曼承认,面对科学学者使用术语是合适的T613.6-%YOHj&BAErT5

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But scientists who want to communicate with the general public need to modify their language.

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但是,想要与公众交流的科学家需要调整他们的语言=gyi8mYc;m.Qr

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They need to eliminate jargon.

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他们需要停止使用专业术语Tr5Ob#iT35bCJDbN%8#j

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Questions nine to eleven are based on the passage you have just heard.

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问题9-11基于你刚才听到的短文[F54Dr4aS3#18

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Q9: What does the passage say about the use of jargon terms by experts?

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问题9:关于专家们对专业术语的使用,这篇文章说了什么?

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Q10: What do researchers find about people reading scientific articles containing jargon terms?

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问题10:研究人员在阅读含专业术语的科学文章的人们身上发现了什么?

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Q11: What does Schulman suggest scientists do when communicating with the general public?

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问题11:舒尔曼建议科学家在和公众交流时应该怎么做?

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