Recent archaeological finds reveal that the Vikings were not only fierce, bloodthirsty warriors but also farmers, skilled craftsmen, impressive mariners, and expert traders as well. As more discoveries are made, our knowledge of the Vikings will widen even more—dispelling many myths surrounding this fascinating group of people.
10.Tomb Of Viking Power Couple
In 2012, engineers building a highway in Harup, Denmark, discovered a wooden building. Later on, the discovery was identified as a Viking tomb. Also known as dodehus or death house, the tomb contained the remains of a couple archaeologists believed held a high social status in Viking society.
Experts discovered two interesting items buried alongside the couple: a large battle axe and two keys. The axe, which was found together with the man, was considered to be the "machine gun" of the Viking era. Europeans back then trembled at the sight of this battle axe. The keys, on the other hand, were "a symbol of (the woman's) power and status as a great lady."
The researchers also discovered a third body buried alongside the couple. They surmised that the man was added at a later date, and he might have been the couple's successor.
9.Viking Women Colonized New Lands Too
A new study involving ancient Viking DNA suggested that Viking women played a significant role in the colonization of overseas lands. Experts arrived at this conclusion after discovering that the maternal DNA of the Vikings "closely matches that of modern-day people in the North Atlantic isles," especially that of Shetland and Orkney Islands in the United Kingdom.
This discovery also debunked the widely held assumption that the Vikings were merely pillagers and raiders. They were family-oriented people as well who "established settlements and grew crops" and even engaged in trade. In addition, this recent finding challenged a study published in 2001 that suggested that Viking men would travel alone and then bring local female captives when they colonized new territories.
In 2014, a team of archaeologists discovered a Viking fortress in the Danish island of Zealand. They believed that the structure dated back to the 10th century. Before the discovery of this specific fortress, three others were unearthed in Denmark: Aggersborg, Trelleborg, and Fyrkat. These structures are collectively known as the "Trelleborg" fortresses.
2014年，一个考古小组在丹麦西兰岛发现了一个维京人的堡垒。他们相信，这个建筑可以追溯到10世纪时。此前丹麦已有三处堡垒出土：Aggersborg, Trelleborg, 和Fyrkat，统称特雷勒堡。
The newly discovered fortress, which is located south of Copenhagen, is quite huge, spanning 165 meters (476 ft) across.
This discovery showed that the Vikings were not only a "fierce band of warriors with cool headgear" but were also decent architects, capable of building magnificent fortresses. In addition, this discovery gave archaeologists the opportunity to better understand Viking conflicts and wars.
7.North America's Second Viking Site
Known for using satellite technology in her excavations, "space archaeologist" Sarah Parcak, together with her team, discovered a second possible Viking settlement in North America. They arrived at this conclusion after finding the remains of turf walls and an iron-working hearth in Point Rosee in Newfoundland, Canada.
The presence of an iron-working hearth at the site is a strong evidence of a Viking settlement since they used iron nails to build their ships. It also eliminated the possibility of the site belonging to Native Americans or Basque fisherman. In addition, after doing radiocarbon testing, Parcak and her team were able to date the site back to 800 and 1300 AD—the same time the Vikings were at their peak.
This discovery is monumental since it can potentially dethrone Christopher Columbus as the discoverer of the New World.
6.Viking Treasure Trove
In September 2014, metal-detecting enthusiast Derek McLennan discovered one of the biggest Viking treasure troves in Scotland. The trove, which consisted of more than 100 precious artifacts including solid gold jewelry, was unearthed on church land.
Stuart Campbell of Scotland's treasure trove unit considered this discovery historically significant since it could potentially alter the way Scots view "their historic relationship with the Vikings." Contrary to popular belief, the Vikings didn't only carry out raids in Scotland. They also settled and traded in some parts of the country, including the area where the treasure trove was discovered.