日期:2012-11-19 16:52



Section 1: Vocabulary and Grammar (25 points)

  This section consists of 3 parts. Read the directions for each part before answering the questions. The time for this section is 25 minutes.

  Part 1 Vocabulary Selection

  In this part, there are 20 incomplete sentences. Below each sentence, there are 4 choices respectively marked by letters A, B, C and D. Choose the word or phrase which best completes each sentence. There is only ONE right answer. Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your Machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.

  1. We have had to raise the prices of our products because of the increase in the cost of ______ materials.

  A. primitive B. rough

  C. original D. raw

  2. With an eighty-hour week and little enjoyment, life must have been very______ for the students.

  A. hostile B. anxious

  C. tedious D. obscure

  3. Whenever the government increases public services,______ because more workers are needed to carry out these services.

  A. employment to rise B. employment rises

  C. which rising employment D. the rise of employment

  4. Our flight to Guangzhou was ______ by a bad fog and we had to stay much longer in the hotel than we had expected.

  A. delayed B. adjourned

  C. cancelled D. preserved

  5. Container-grown plants can be planted at any time of the year, but ______ in winter.

  A. should be B. would be

  C. preferred D. preferably

  6. Both longitude and latitude ______ in degrees, minutes and seconds.

  A. measuring B. measured

  C. are measured D. being measured

  7. Most comets have two kinds of tails, one made up of dust, ______ made up of electrically charged particles called plasma.

  A. one another B. the other

  C. other ones D. each other

  8. Good pencil erasers are soft enough not ______ paper but hard enough so that they crumble gradually when used.

  A. by damaging B. so that they damage

  C. to damage D. damaging

  9. The magician picked several persons ______ from the audience and asked them to help him with the performance.

  A. by accident B. at random

  C. on occasion D. on average

  10. On turning the comer, they saw the path ______ steeply.

  A. departing B. descending

  C. decreasing D. degenerating

  11. English language publications in China are growing in volume and ______.

  A. circulation B. rotation

  C. circumstance D. appreciation

  121. Hydroponics ______ the cultivation of plants without soil.

  A. does B. is

  C. do D. are

  13. To impose computer technology ______ teachers is to create an environment that is not conducive to learning.

  A. with B. to

  C. in D. on

  14. Marketing is ______ just distributing goods from the manufacturer to the final customer.

  A. rather than B. other than

  C. bigger than D. more than

  15. ______ a language family is a group of languages with a common origin and similar vocabulary, grammar, and sound system.

  A. What linguists call B. It is called by linguists

  C. Linguists call it D. What do linguists call

  16. In the eighteenth century, the town of Bennington, Vermont, was famous for ______ pottery.

  A. it made B. its

  C. the making D. where its

  17. ______ get older, the games they play become increasingly complex.

  A. Children B. Children, when they

  C. As children D. For children to

  18. ______ of his childhood home in Hannibal, Missouri, provided Mark Twain with the inspiration for two of his most popular novels.

  A. Remembering B. Memories

  C. It was the memories D. He remembered

  19. Dust storms most often occur in areas where the ground has little vegetation to protect ______ of the wind.

  A. from the effects B. it the effects

  C. it from the effects D. the effects from it

  20. Most nurses are women, but in the higher ranks of the medical profession women are a ______.

  A. scarcity B. minority

  C. minimum D. shortage

  Part 2 Vocabulary Replacement

  This part consists of 15 sentences; in each sentence one word or phrase is underlined. Below each sentence, there are 4 choices respectively marked by letters A, B, C and D. Choose the word or phrase that can replace the underlined part without causing any grammatical error or changing the basic meaning of the sentence. There is only ONE right answer. Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your Machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.

  21. Shellfish give the deceptive appearance of enjoying a peaceful existence, although in fact life is a constant struggle for them.

  A. misleading B. calm

  C. understandable D. initial

  22. The most striking technological success in the 20th century is probably the computer revolution.

  A. profitable B. productive

  C. prominent D. prompt

  23. Scientific evidence from different disciplines demonstrates that in most humans the left hemisphere of the brain controls language.

  A. groups of followers B. years

  C. countries D. fields of study

  24. Public relations practice is the deliberate, planned and sustained effort to establish and maintain mutual understanding between an organization and its public.

  A. complete B. related

  C. intentional D. active

  25. The use of the new technology will have a profound effect on schools.

  A. negative B. positive

  C. strong D. useful

  26. If we look at the Chinese and British concepts of hospitality, we find one major similarity but a number of important differences.

  A. hostility B. friendliness

  C. manner D. culture

  27. In just three years, the Net has gone from a playground for the local people to a vast communications and trading center where millions swap information or do deals around the world.

  A. business B. shopping

  C. chatting D. meeting

  28. Most species of this plant thrive in ordinary well-drained garden soil and they are best planted 8 cm deep and 5 cm apart.

  A. develop well B. grow taller

  C. mature D. bear fruit

  29. Motivation is the driving force within individuals that impels them to action.

  A. impedes B. interferes

  C. holds D. pushes

  30. The ultimate cause of the Civil War was the bombardment of Fort Sumter.

  A. only B. final

  C. true D. special

  31. No hero of ancient or modern days can surpass the Indians with their lofty contempt of death and the fortitude with which they sustain its cruelest affliction.

  A. regard B. courage

  C. loss D. trick

  32. The service economy doesn't suggest that we convert our factories into laundries to survive.

  A. imply B. persuade

  C. hurl D. transform

  33. It was rather strange how the habits of his youth clung to him still. He was 72.

  A. stuck to B. turned

  C. led to D. gave way to

  34. He has a touch of eccentricity in his composition.

  A. essay B. writing

  C. character D. manner

  35. Jim was a stout old gentleman, with a weather-beaten countenance.

  A. body B. skin

  C. shoulder D. passionate interest



  1.D [分析] 近义辨析。

  A.primitive原始的,粗糙的,简单的,B.rough粗糙的,粗略的,大致的: C.original最初的,原始的,独创的:D.raw 未加工的,生的,处于自然状态的,此处是指原材料,因此答案为D。

  2.C [分析] 词义辨析。


  3.B [分析] 语法应用。


  4.A [分析] 近义辨析。

  A.delayed耽搁,延误,推迟(指由于某种原因推迟,稍后还将继续,但不表明延期的具体时间);如:The accident delayed the train.火车因事故晚点。 B.adjourned使中止,推迟(一般指会议休会,则其在继续开);如:The hearing will be adjourned until tomorrow morning.听证会推迟到明天上午举行。C.cancelled取消,D.preserved保存,保藏。

  5.D [分析] 词义辨析。

  should be/would be应是;preferred首选的(adj.);preferably更适宜,最好是 (adv.);因此应填D。

  6.C [分析] 语法应用。


  7.B [分析] 形近识别。

  one another互相(原则上,两个人/两个时用each other,三个人/三个以上则用one another);如:They looked at one another.他们彼此看着对方:each other相互;如:They respect each other.他们互相尊重;the other(在两个之中的)另一方(表示两者之中剩下的那一个);因此应填B。

  8.C [分析] 语法应用。


  9.B [分析] 习语辨析。

  A.by accident偶然;B.at random随便地,任意地,胡乱地:C.on occasion有时,D.on average平均起来;因此B为答案。

  10.B[分析] 形近识别。

  A.departing出发,背离;B.descending下降;如:The path descends sharply.这条小径向下急降(下斜坡度很陡)。C.decreasing减少,渐减; D.degenerating退化,因此选项B是答案。

  11.A[分析] 词义辨析。

  A.circulation流通,传播:B.rotation旋转,C.circumstance条件,细节, D.appreciation欣赏,正确评价,增值,此句意为:在中国,英语出版物在产量与销量(发行量/传递/流通)上日益增加。因此应选A。

  12.B[分析] 语法应用。


  13.D[分析] 固定搭配。

  impose+名词+on/upon(对……)课税,使负担,把(想法等)强加(于某人),强迫(某人)接受:如:He always tries to impose his opinion on others.他总是想强迫别人接受他的意见。因此选D。

  14.D[分析] 习语辨析。

  A.rather than胜于,B.other than不同于,除了;C.bigger than大于;D.more than多过……,不止……,……以上;如:The consequence was much more than he imagined.结果远超过他的想象。本句意为:营销不仅仅是将货物从生产者向最终客户的分配。因此选D。

  15.A[分析] 语法应用。

  本句是用名词性从句What do linguists call a language family作主语,意思是语言学家将一组有着共同起源,类似词汇、语法及音系的语言称为语系。

  16.B[分析] 语法应用。

  本句意为:在十八世纪,本宁顿城和佛蒙特城以其制陶业而闻名:因此应填代词的所有格。如:The small town is famous for its fine park.这座小城以漂亮的公园著称。

  17.C[分析] 语法应用。

  本句逗号前是状语从句,空白处应填连词;主句主语是the games,因此选项A、B、D均不对:只有as“随着”符合句意,所以C为答案。

  18.B[分析] 语法应用。

  此处考强调句型:It is/was+强调成分+that/who;意为:是对童年家乡(汉尼拔和密苏里)的回忆使得马克吐温产生了灵感,写出了他最著名两部小说。因此选项B为答案。

  19.C[分析] 固定搭配。

  protect sth.from/against...保护;如:He is wearing sunglasses to protect his eyes from the strong sunlight.他戴着太阳镜以挡强烈的阳光。因此选项C是答案。

  20.B[分析] 词义辨析。

  A.scarcity 缺乏,不足,罕见;B.minority 少数,少数民族;C.minimum 最小值;D.shortage 不足,缺乏:因此选项B为答案。

  Part 2

  21.A [分析]形容词辨析。

  deceptive 欺骗性的,A.misleading令人误解的,骗人的,引入歧途的;B.calm平静的,沉着的,C.understandable可以理解的,可懂的;D.initial最初的,词首的,初始的,因此选项A是答案。


  striking 显著的,惊人的,A.profitable有利可图的,B.productive生产性的,多产的,C.prominent卓越的,显著的;D.prompt敏捷的,及时的:因此选项C为答案。


  disciplines 纪律,学科;A.groups of followers 追随者团体;B.years年龄,年代,C.countries 国家;D.fields of study研究领域,因此选项D为答案。


  deliberate 深思熟虑的,故意的;A.complete全部的,完成的;B.related叙述的,相关的;C.intentional有意图的,故意的;D.active积极的,主动的,因此选项C为答案。


  profound 深刻的,意义深远的,渊博的;A.negative否定的,消极的,负的, B.positive肯定的,积极的,确实的;C.strong强大的,强烈的;D.useful有用的,有益的:因此选项C为答案。


  hospitality 好客,宜人,盛情,A.hostility敌意,不友善,敌对;B.friendli- ness友谊,友善,亲切;C.manner礼貌,风格,方式;D.culture文化,文明,因此选项B为答案。


  deals 交易,买卖;A.business商业,买卖,交易,生意,商行;B.shopping买东西,购物;C.chatting 聊天;D.meeting会议,机会,会战,因此选项 A为答案。


  thrive 兴旺,繁荣,茁壮成长;A.develop well生长,发展,发育得好, B.grow taller渐渐长高;C.mature成熟,到期;D.bear fruit结出果实,奏效,因此选项A为答案。

  29.D[分析] 动词辨析。

  impels推动,推进,激励,趋势;A.impedes阻止,B.interferes 干涉,妨碍,抵触,C.holds保存,把握;D.pushes推动,推行,逼迫;因此选项 D为答案。

  30.B[分析] 形容词辨析。

  ultimate最后的,最终的,根本的;A.only唯一的,单独的,最好的:B.final最后的,最终的,决定性的,C.true真实的,真正的,正确的,忠实的, D.special特别的,特殊的,专门的;因此选项B为答案。

  31.B[分析] 名词辨析。


  32.D[分析] 动词辨析。


  33.A[分析] 动词词组辨析。

  clung to(cling to)粘紧,依附,坚持(意见),墨守(习惯);A.stuck to (stick to)粘住,坚持,B.turned转动,扭转,C.led to(lend to)通向,导致:D.gave way to(give way to)撤退,让步,退让,因此选项A为答案。

  34.C[分析] 名词辨析。

  composition作文,成分,气质,脾性:A.essay散文,小品文,随笔,评论; B.writing笔记,作品,著述;C.character性格,特征,特性;D.manner礼貌,风格,样式,本句话意为:他的性格有些古怪。因此选项C为答案。

  35.B[分析] 名词辨析。

  countenance面容,脸色,支持:A.body身体,肉体,团体;B.skin皮肤,外皮;C.shoulder肩,肩部,D.passionate interest强烈的兴趣,因此选项B为答案。

  • misleadingadj. 令人误解的
  • convertv. 变换,(使)转变,使 ... 改变信仰,倒置,兑换
  • survivevt. 比 ... 活得长,幸免于难,艰难度过 vi.
  • hostileadj. 怀敌意的,敌对的
  • afflictionn. 痛苦,苦恼,苦难
  • protectvt. 保护,投保
  • revolutionn. 革命,旋转,转数
  • latituden. 纬度,界限,自由选择权
  • sustainvt. 承受,支持,经受,维持,认可
  • intentionaladj. 企图的,策划的,故意的