A checklist for part 1 graphs, charts and tables
In task 1 it is important that you accurately describe the information from the diagram so you don’t lose marks under Task Response. The difficulty is to decide what is the key information as there is often a lot of data to process. One way of thinking about this, is to ask yourself if someone could draw the chart and graph from the information in your report. This is not easy to do and so to help you, you will find below a 8 point checklist, an exercise and a practice suggestion.
Here is my 8 point checklist to help you include the relevant details. I suggest you use it to check your own work: you should be able to answer “yes”to all the questions.
1. Type of diagram 图表类型
Have you correctly identified whether it is a bar chart/line graph/pie chart/flow chart/table?
2. The correct tense 时态
Have you correctly identified whether the data in the chart relates to past time, a current state of affairs or a future prediction? This includes not just using the correct tenses but also including specific times in your report.
3. The subjects 对象
Have you included all the subjects that are referred to in the diagram? Even if you have a bar chart ortable naming 8 different countries for example, you still need to refer to them all in your report.
Have you included references to the units? These may be units of time (months/years etc), money (millions of £) or simple numbers (10,000s). To do this, you need to read the x and y axes carefully.
5. Highs and lows/Beginnings and ends/Biggest and smallest
Have you included the extremes shown in the diagram? In nearly all charts and graphs these are key features to include as they give the reader a frame for understanding the chart or graph. When there is a lot of data, you may not include every extreme so you need to use your judgement.
6. Patterns and trends 模式和趋势
Have you noted any patterns?
In dynamic charts (when there is a change in time), it is nearly always important to note whether the general trend is upwards or downwards.
In static charts (when there is only one time frame), it can be important to note patterns. For example, if you look at my sample report on holiday destinations, you will see that I group England, Scotland and Wales together and note that they have a similar pattern.
Is there anything in the chart that is completely different to the general pattern? If so, this too is very likely to be a key detail that needs to be noted.
8. Ordering information排序
Have you ordered the information in a logical way? It is no good putting all the right information in if the keys points are hidden away. This can happen if you follow the order of the chart without thinking. Possible logical ways of ordering the report include:
start with the most significant detail 从最重要的细节开始说起
start with the general pattern, then note exceptions 从一般模式说起，然后注明有例外
group items that are similar 写一组里面有相似性的东西
move from the largest to the smallest 从最大值写到最小值
move from the first in time to the last in time 从时间起点写到时间终点