先来看看选词填空。本套试卷的选词填空选取了一篇教育话题的文章。教育话题属于高频话题。文章分析了让家庭成员在家中只说英语的一种第二语言学习方法及其依据和漏洞，表达了对该方法的质疑，论证了该方法的错误之处。作为整个阅读考试的第一部分，选词填空难度中等，基本与原四级选词填空难度一致。涉及的单词和搭配也大都是课堂上反复强调过的常考词汇，如表示"源自于"的"stem from"，表示"压倒性的"的"overwhelming" (stem from与come from，stem from，originate from同义，overwhelmed"不知所措的"，见强化班"选词填空单词精读")，表示"资产，财产"的"asset"（课堂上对常考表示"所有物，财产"含义的单词做过总结，包括asset，property，belonging，possession等）。当然，每次考试都有3个左右的难词，比如本次考试的"deviate"（脱离常轨），"simultaneously"（同时地），"successively"（接连地），可能对于单词量较贫乏的考生有较大干扰。15个单词中，考到名词3个，动词5个，形容词4个，副词3个，其中有不少词汇是多词性词义的，提醒今后的考生备考要更加注意对单词词性、搭配的掌握。考到的常见词性搭配有adj.+ n. , v.+ prep. , adv.+ adj., v.+ adj., art.+ n., 考到的语法现象有被动句，be动词用法等。选词填空考场上的目标分值是4道题过线，6道题优秀，相信按照上课说的先判断词性再判断词义的步骤，结合单词搭配和语法知识，同学们应该可以比较轻松完成考试目标分值。
Quite often, educators tell families of children who are learning English as a second language to speak only English, and not their native language, at home. Although these educators may have good (36) , their advice to families is misguided, and it (37) from misunderstandings about the process of language acquisition. Educators may fear that children hearing two languages will become (38) confused and thus their language development will be (39) ; this concern is not documented in the literature. Children are capable of learning more than one language, whether (40) or sequentially(依次地). In fact, most children outside of the United States are expected to become bilingual or even, in many cases, multilingual. Globally, knowing more than one language is viewed as an (41) and even a necessity in many areas.
It is also of concern that the misguided advice that students should speak only English is given primarily to poor families with limited educational opportunities, not to wealthier families who have many educational advantages. Since children from poor families often are (42) as at-risk for academic failure, teachers believe that advising families to speak English only is appropriate. Teachers consider learning two languages to be too (43) for children from poor families, believing that the children are already burdened by their home situations.
If families do not know English or have limited English skills themselves, how can they communicate in English? Advising non-English-speaking families to speak only English is (44) to telling them not to communicate with or interact with their children. Moreover, the (45) message is that the family's native language is not important or valued.
The Uses of Difficulty
The brain likes a challenge-and putting a few obstacles in its way may well boost its creativity.
A) Jack White, the former frontman of the White Stripes and an influential figure among fellow musicians, likes to make things difficult for himself. He uses cheap guitars that won't stay in shape or in tune. When performing, he positions his instruments in a way that is deliberately inconvenient, so that switching from guitar to organ mid-song involves a mad dash across the stage. Why? Because he's on the run from what he describes as a disease that preys on every artist: "ease of use". When making music gets too easy, says White, it becomes harder to make it sing.
B) It's an odd thought. Why would anyone make their work more difficult than it already is? Yet we know that difficulty can pay unexpected dividends. In 1966, soon after the Beatles had finished work on "Rubber Soul", Paul McCartney looked into the possibility of going to America to record their next album. The equipment in American studios was more advanced than anything in Britain, which had led the Beatles' great rivals, the Rolling Stones, to make their latest album, "Aftermath", in Los Angeles. McCartney found that EMI's contractual clauses made it prohibitively expensive to follow suit, and the Beatles had to make do with the primitive technology of Abbey Road.
C) Lucky for us. Over the next two years they made their most groundbreaking work, turning the recording studio into a magical instrument of its own. Precisely because they were working with old-fashioned machines, George Martin and his team of engineers were forced to apply every ounce of their ingenuity to solve the problems posed to them by Lennon and McCartney. Songs like "Tomorrow Never Knows", "Strawberry Fields Forever", and "A Day in the Life" featured revolutionary aural effects that dazzled and mystified Martin's American counterparts.
D) Sometimes it's only when a difficulty is removed that we realise what it was doing for us. For more than two decades, starting in the 1960s, the poet Ted Hughes sat on the judging panel of an annual poetry competition for British schoolchildren. During the 1980s he noticed an increasing number of long poems among the submissions, with some running to 70 or 80 pages. These poems were verbally inventive and fluent, but also "strangely boring". After making inquiries Hughes discovered that they were being composed on computers, then just finding their way into British homes.
E) You might have thought any tool which enables a writer to get words on to the page would be an advantage. But there may be a cost to such facility. In an interview with the Paris Review Hughes speculated that when a person puts pen to paper, "you meet the terrible resistance of what happened your first year at it, when you couldn't write at all". As the brain attempts to force the unsteady hand to do its bidding, the tension between the two results in a more compressed, psychologically denser expression. Remove that resistance and you are more likely to produce a 70-page ramble(不找边际的长篇大论).
F) Our brains respond better to difficulty than we imagine. In schools, teachers and pupils alike often assume that if a concept has been easy to learn, then the lesson has been successful. But numerous studies have now found that when classroom material is made harder to absorb, pupils retain more of it over the long term, and understand it on a deeper level. Robert Bjork, of the University of California, coined the phrase "desirable difficulties" to describe the counter-intuitive notion that learning should be made harder by, for instance, spacing sessions further apart so that students have to make more effort to recall what they learnt last time. Psychologists at Princeton found that students remembered reading material better when it was printed in an ugly font.
G) As a poet, Ted Hughes had an acute sensitivity to the way in which constraints on self-expression, like the disciplines of metre and rhyme, spur creative thought. What applies to poets and musicians also applies to our daily lives. We tend to equate happiness with freedom, but, as the psychotherapist and writer Adam Phillips has observed, without obstacles to our desires it's harder to know what we want, or where we're heading. He tells the story of a patient, a first-time mother who complained that her young son was always clinging to her, wrapping himself around her legs wherever she went. She never had a moment to herself, she said, because her son was "always in the way". When Phillips asked her where she would go if he wasn't in the way, she replied cheerfully, "Oh, I wouldn't know where I was!"
H) Take another common obstacle: lack of money. People often assume that more money will make them happier. But economists who study the relationship between money and happiness have consistently found that, above a certain income, the two do not reliably correlate. Despite the ease with which the rich can acquire almost anything they desire, they are just as likely to be unhappy as the middle classes. In this regard at least, F. Scott Fitzgerald was wrong.
I) Indeed, ease of acquisition is the problem. The novelist Edward St Aubyn has a narrator remark of the very rich that, "without the editorial influence of the word 'afford', their desires rambled on like unstoppable bores, relentless and whimsical at the same time." When Boston College, a private research university, wanted a better feel for its potential donors, it asked the psychologist Robert Kenny to investigate the mindset of the super-rich. He surveyed 165 households, most of which had a net worth of $25m or more. He found that many of his subjects were befuddled by the infinite options their money presented them with. They found it hard to know what to want, creating a kind of existential bafflement. One of them put it like this: "You know, Bob, you can just buy so much stuff, and when you get to the point where you can just buy so much stuff, now what are you going to do?"
J) The internet makes information billionaires out of all of us, and the architects of our online experiences are catching on to the need to make things creatively difficult. Twitter's prodigious success is rooted in the simple but profound insight that in a medium with infinite space for self-expression, the most interesting thing we can do is restrict ourselves to 140 characters. The music service This Is My Jam helps people navigate the tens of millions of tracks now available instantly via Spotify and iTunes. Users pick their favourite song of the week to share with others. They only get to choose one. The service was only launched this year, but by the end of September 650,000 jams had been chosen. Its co-founder Matt Ogle explains its raison d'être like this: "In an age of endless choice, we were missing a way to say: 'This. This is the one you should listen to'."
K) Today's world offers more opportunity than ever to follow the advice of the Walker Brothers and make it easy on ourselves. Compared with a hundred years ago, our lives are less tightly bound by social mores and physical constraints. Technology has cut out much of life's drudgery, and we have more freedoms than ever: we can wear what we like, sleep with whom we want (if they'll sleep with us), and communicate with hundreds of friends at once at the click of a mouse. Obstacles are everywhere disappearing. Few of us wish to turn the clock back, but perhaps we need to remind ourselves how useful the right obstacles can be. Sometimes, the best route to fulfilment is the path of more resistance.
46. The rigorous requirements placed on the writing of poetry stimulate the poet's creativity.
47. With creativity，even old-fashioned instruments may produce spectacular sound effects.
48. More money does not necessarily bring greater happiness.
49. It is a false assumption that lessons should be made easier to learn.
50. Obstacles deliberately placed in the creation of music contribute to its success.
51. Those who enjoy total freedom may not find themselves happy.
52. Ted Hughes discovered many long poems submitted for poetry competition were composed on computers.
53. Maybe we need to bear in mind that the right obstacles help lead us to greater achievements.
54. An investigation found that many of the super-rich were baffled by the infinite choices their money made available.
55. One free social networking website turned out to be successful because it limited each posting to one hundred and forty characters.
46. G（★★★；定位词：rigorous requirements，writing of poetry，creativity。）
47. C（★；定位词：old-fashioned instruments， spectacular sound effects；位置：第三句。）
49. F（★；定位词：lesson，easier to learn；位置：段首第二句。）
50. A（★★★；定位词：obstacles, creation of music。）
52. D（★★；定位词：Ted Hughes，poetry competition，computers；位置：段首第二句。）
53. K（★；定位词：right obstacles，greater achievements；位置：段尾倒数第二句but后。）
54. I（★★；定位词：super-rich, baffled; 位置：段中到段尾。）
55. J（★；定位词：one hundred and forty characters, social networking website；位置：段首第二句。）