Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
1. A) She wants to return the skirt her husband bought.
B) She wants to buy another skirt.
C) She wants to change the blue skirt for a yellow one.
D) She wants to change the yellow skirt for a blue one.
2. A) It’s too expensive.
B) It isn’t needed.
C) It should be built.
D) A college would be better.
3. A) Jack’s car was stolen.
B) Jack sold his car.
C) Jack bought a new car.
D) Jack had a car accident.
4. A) Some people pretend to know what they really don’t.
B) What the woman said is true.
C) What the woman said is wrong.
D) He knows more than the woman does.
5. A) The woman’s job is a librarian.
B) Women’s rights in society.
C) An important election.
D) Career planning.
6. A) She thinks it is easier said than done.
B) She totally agrees with him.
C) She feels that what he says is simply nonsense.
D) She thinks that he is rather impolite person.
7. A) To clean the yard.
B) To weed the garden.
C) To hire a gardener.
D) To work in the flower beds.
8. A) On the 6th of June.
B) On the 8th of June.
C) On the 9th of June.
D) On the 19th of June.
9. A) The man thinks the woman is wasting her time.
B) The man thinks the woman should make full use of her time.
C) The man is eager to know the woman’s answer.
D) The man can wait and there is no need for her to hurry.
10. A) To run into each other.
B) To get bargains.
C) To avoid the crowds.
D) To join the crowds.
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. A) Because of their love for hobbies and pastimes.
B) Because of their enthusiasm for sports.
C) Because of their fear of heart attacks.
D) Because of their strong desire for good health.
12. A) It was decreasing.
B) It was increasing.
C) It remained almost unchanged.
D) It was going up slowly.
13. A) Those who have heart attacks.
B) Those who have the desire to be physically fit.
C) Those who have spare time.
D) Those who have inactive jobs.
Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.
14. A) In the white pages.
B) In the blue pages.
C) In the yellow pages.
D) In a special section.
15. A) On the first page of the telephone book.
B) At the end of the telephone book.
C) In the front of the white pages.
D) Right after the white pages.
16. A) Check your number and call again.
B) Tell the operator what has happened.
C) Ask the operator to put you through.
D) Ask the operator what has happened.
Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
17. A) Its specialization in transporting small packages.
B) The low cost of its service.
C) Being the first airline to send urgent letters.
D) Its modern sorting facilities.
18. A) 10,000.
19. A) Because of its good airport facilities.
B) Because of its location in the country.
C) Because of its size.
D) Because of its round-the-clock service.
20. A) Its full-time staff.
B) The postmen who work in Memphis.
C) Students who work in their spare time.
D) The staff members of the International Airport.
Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
It is natural for young people to be critical of their parents at times and to blame them for most of the misunderstandings between them. They have always complained, more or less justly, that their parents are out of touch with modern ways; that they are possessive and dominant that they do not trust their children to deal with crises; that they talk too much about certain problems and that they have no sense of humour, at least in parent-child relationships.
I think it is true that parents often underestimate their teenage children and also forget how they themselves felt when young.
Young people often irritate their parents with their choices in clothes and hairstyles, in entertainers and music. This is not their motive. They feel cut off from the adult world into which they have not yet been accepted. So they create a culture and society of their own. Then, if it turns out that their music or entertainers or vocabulary or clothes or hairstyles irritate their parents, this gives them additional enjoyment. They feel they are superior, at least in a small way, and that they are leaders in style and taste.
Sometimes you are resistant, and proud because you do not want your parents to approve of what you do. If they did approve, it looks as if you are betraying your own age group. But in that case, you are assuming that you are the underdog: you can’t win but at least you can keep your honour. This is a passive way of looking at things. It is natural enough after long years of childhood, when you were completely under your parents’ control. But it ignores the fact that you are now beginning to be responsible for yourself.
If you plan to control your life, co-operation can be part of that plan. You can charm others, especially parents, into doing things the ways you want. You can impress others with your sense of responsibility and initiative, so that they will give you the authority to do what you want to do.
21. The author is primarily addressing ________.
A) parents of teenagers
B) newspaper readers
C) those who give advice to teenagers
22. The first paragraph is mainly about ________.
A) the teenagers’ criticism of their parents
B) misunderstandings between teenagers and their parents
C) the dominance of the parents over their children
D) the teenagers’ ability to deal with crises
23. Teenagers tend to have strange clothes and hairstyles because they ________.
A) want to show their existence by creating a culture of their own
B) have a strong desire to be leaders in style and taste
C) have no other way to enjoy themselves better
D) want to irritate their parents
24. Teenagers do not want their parents to approve of whatever they do because they ________.
A) have already been accepted into the adult world
B) feel that they are superior in a small way to the adults
C) are not likely to win over the adults
D) have a desire to be independent
25. To improve parent-child relationships, teenagers are advised to be ________.
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
The long years of food shortage in this country have suddenly given way to apparent abundance. Stores and shops are choked with food. Rationing (定量供应) is virtually suspended, and overseas suppliers have been asked to hold back deliveries. Yet, instead of joy, there is widespread uneasiness and confusion. Why do food prices keep on rising, when there seems to be so much more food about? Is the abundance only temporary, or has it come to stay? Does it mean that we need to think less now about producing more food at home? No one knows what to expect.
The recent growth of export surpluses on the world food market has certainly been unexpectedly great, partly because a strange sequence of two successful grain harvests. North America is now being followed by a third. Most of Britain’s overseas suppliers of meat, too, are offering more this year and home production has also risen.
But the effect of all this on the food situation in this country has been made worse by a simultaneous rise in food prices, due chiefly to the gradual cutting down of government support for food. The shops are overstocked with food not only because there is more food available, but also because people, frightened by high prices, are buying less of it.
Moreover, the rise in domestic prices has come at a time when world prices have begun to fall, with the result that imported food, with the exception of grain, is often cheaper than the home-produced variety. And now grain prices, too, are falling. Consumers are beginning to ask why they should not be enabled to benefit from this trend.
The significance of these developments is not lost on farmers. The older generation have seen it all happen before. Despite the present price and market guarantees, farmers fear they are about to be squeezed between cheap food imports and a shrinking home market. Present production is running at 51 per cent above pre-war levels, and the government has called for an expansion to 60 per cent by 1956; but repeated Ministerial advice is carrying little weight and the expansion programme is not working very well.
26. Why is there “wide-spread uneasiness and confusion about the food situation in Britain?”
A) The abundant food supply is not expected to last.
B) Britain is importing less food.
C) Despite the abundance, food prices keep rising.
D) Britain will cut back on its production of food.
27. The main reason for the rise in food prices is that ________.
A) people are buying less food
B) the government is providing less financial support for agriculture
C) domestic food production has decreased
D) imported food is driving prices higher
28. Why didn’t the government’s expansion programme work very well?
A) Because the farmers were uncertain about the financial support the government guaranteed.
B) Because the farmers were uncertain about the benefits of expanding production.
C) Because the farmers were uncertain about whether foreign markets could be found for their produce.
D) Because the older generation of farmers were strongly against the programmer.
29. The decrease in world food price was a result of ________.
A) a sharp fall in the purchasing power of the consumers
B) a sharp fall in the cost of food production
C) the overproduction of food in the food-importing countries
D) the overproduction on the part of the main food-exporting countries
30. What did the future look like for Britain’s food production at the time this article was written?
A) The fall in world food prices would benefit British food producers.
B) An expansion of food production was at hand.
C) British food producers would receive more government financial support.
D) It looks depressing despite government guarantees.
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.
It is hard to predict how science is going to turn out, and if it is really good science it is impossible to predict. If the things to be found are actually new, they are by definition unknown in advance. You cannot make choices in this matter. You either have science or you don’t, and if you have it you are obliged to accept the surprising and disturbing pieces of information, along with the neat and promptly useful bits.
The only solid piece of scientific truth about which I feel totally confident is that we are profoundly ignorant about nature. Indeed, I regard this as the major discovery of the past hundred years of biology. It is, in its way, an illumination piece of news. It would have amazed the brightest minds of the 18th century Enlightenment (启蒙运动) to be told by any of us how little we know and how bewildering seems the way ahead. It is this sudden confrontation with the depth and scope of ignorance that represents the most significant contribution of the 20th century science to the human intellect. In earlier times, we either pretended to understand how things worked or ignored the problem, or simply made up stories to fill the gaps. Now that we have begun exploring in earnest, we are getting glimpses of how huge the questions are, and how far from being answered. Because of this, we are depressed. It is not so bad being ignorant if you are totally ignorant; the hard thing is knowing in some detail the reality of ignorance, the worst spots and here and there the not-so-bad spots, but no true light at the end of the tunnel nor even any tunnels that can yet be trusted.
But we are making a beginning, and there ought to be some satisfaction. There are probably no questions we can think up that can’t be answered, sooner or later, including even the matter of consciousness. To be sure, there may well be questions we can’t think up, ever, and therefore limits to the reach of human intellect, but that is another matter. Within our limits, we should be able to work our way through to all our answers, if we keep at it long enough, and pay attention.
31. According to the author, really good science ________.
A) would surprise the brightest minds of the 18th century Enlightenment
B) will produce results which cannot be foreseen
C) will help people to make the right choice in advance
D) will bring about disturbing results
32. It can be inferred from the passage that scientists of the 18th century ________.
A) thought that they knew a great deal and could solve most problems of science
B) were afraid of facing up to the realities of scientific research
C) knew that they were ignorant and wanted to know more about nature
D) did more harm than good in promoting man’s understanding of nature
33. Which of the following statements is NOT true of scientists in earlier times?
A) They invented false theories to explain things they didn’t understand.
B) They falsely claimed to know all about nature.
C) They did not believe in results from scientific observation.
D) They paid little attention to the problems they didn’t understand.
34. What is the author’s attitude towards science?
A) He is depressed because of the ignorance of scientists.
B) He is doubtful because of the enormous difficulties confronting it.
C) He is confident though he is aware of the enormous difficulties confronting it.
D) He is delighted because of the illuminating scientific findings.
35. The author believes that ________.
A) man can find solutions to whatever questions concerning nature he can think up
B) man can not solve all the problems he can think up because of the limits of human intellect
C) sooner or later man can think up all the questions concerning nature and answer them
D) questions concerning consciousness are outside the scope of scientific researchD
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.
Greenspace facilities are contributing to an important extent to the quality of the urban environment. Fortunately it is no longer necessary that every lecture or every book about this subject has to start with the proof of this idea. At present, it is generally accepted, although more as a self-evident statement than on the base of a closely-reasoned scientific proof. The recognition of the importance of greenspaces in the urban environment is a first step on the right way, this does not mean, however, that sufficient details are known about the functions of greenspace in towns and about the way in which the inhabitants are using these spaces. As to this rather complex subject I shall, within the scope of this lecture, enter into one aspect only, namely the recreative function of greenspace facilities.
The theoretical separation of living, working, traffic and recreation which for many years has been used in town-and-country planning, has in my opinion resulted in disproportionate attention for forms of recreation far from home, whereas there was relatively little attention for improvement of recreative possibilities in the direct neighbourhood of the home. We have come to the conclusion that this is not right, because an important part of the time which we do not pass in sleeping or working, is used for activities at and around home. So it is obvious that recreation in the open air has to begin at the street-door of the house. The urban environment has to offer as many recreation activities as possible, and the design of these has to be such that more obligatory activities can also have a recreative aspect.
The very best standard of living is nothing if it is not possible to take a pleasant walk in the district, if the children cannot be allowed to play in the streets, because the risks of traffic are too great, if during shopping you can nowhere find a spot for enjoying for a moment the nice weather, in short, if you only feel yourself at home after the street-door of your house is closed after you.
36. According to the author, the importance of greenspaces in the urban environment ________.
A) is still unknown
B) is usually neglected
C) is being closely studied
D) has been fully recognized
37. The theoretical separation of living, working, traffic and recreation has led to ________.
A) the disproportion of recreation facilities in the neighbourhood
B) the location of recreation facilities far from home
C) relatively little attention for recreative possibilities
D) the improvement of recreative possibilities in the neighbourhood
38. The author suggests that the recreative possibilities of green space should be provided ________.
A) in special areas
B) in the suburbs
C) in the neighbourhood of the house
D) in gardens and parks
39. According to the author, greenspace facilities should be designed in such a way that ________.
A) more obligatory activities might take on a recreative aspect
B) more and more people might have access to them
C) an increasing number of recreative activities might be developed
D) recreative activities might be brought into our homes
40. The main idea of this passage is that ________.
A) better use of greenspace facilities should be made so as to improve the quality of our life
B) attention must be directed to the improvement of recreative possibilities
C) the urban environment is providing more recreation activities than it did many years ago
D) priority must be given to the development of obligatory activities
Part III Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
41. Tom ________ better than to ask Dick for help.
A) shall know
B) shouldn’t know
C) has known
D) should have known
42. The magician picked several persons ________ from the audience and asked them to help him with the performance.
A) by accident
B) at random
C) on occasion
D) on average
43. Water enters into a great variety of chemical reactions, ________ have been mentioned in previous pages.
A) a few of it
B) a few of that
C) a few of them
D) a few of which
44. They’ll have you ________ if you don’t pay your taxes.
A) to be arrested
D) being arrested
45. There was a knock at the door. It was the second time someone ________ me that evening.
A) had interrupted
B) would have interrupted
C) to have interrupted
D) to interrupted
46. Despite their good service, most inns are less costly than hotels of ________ standards.
47. ________ for your help, we’d never have been able to get over the difficulties.
A) Had it not
B) If it were not
C) Had it not been
D) If we had not been
48. Some people either ________ avoid questions of right and wrong or remain neutral about them.
C) sincerely yours
49. There is no easy solution to Japan’s labour ________.
50. I’m sure your suggestion will ________ the problem.
A) contribute to solving
B) contribute to solve
C) be contributed to solve
D) be contributed to solving
51. I left for the office earlier than usual this morning ________ traffic jam.
A) in line with
B) for the sake of
C) in case of
D) at the risk of
52. Some areas, ________ their severe weather conditions, are hardly populated.
A) due to
B) in spite of
C) but for
D) with regard to
53. The new washing machines are ________ at the rate of fifty a day.
A) turned up
B) turned down
C) turned out
D) turned in
54. On turning the corner, we saw the road ________ steeply.
55. The managing director took the ________ for the accident, although it was not really his fault.
56. Once they had fame, fortune, secure futures; ________ is utter poverty.
A) now that all is left
B) now all that is left
C) now all which is left
D) now all what is left
57. The shop-assistant was straight with his customers. If an article was of ________ quality he’d tell them so.
58. His tastes and habits ________ with those of his wife.
59. The branches could hardly ________ the weight of the fruit.
60. With all its advantages, the computer is by no means without its ________.
61. Visitors are asked to ________ with the regulations.
62. He ________ so much work that he couldn’t really do it efficiently.
A) put on
B) turned on
C) brought on
D) took on
63. ________ should any money be given to a small child.
A) On no account
B) From all accounts
C) Of no account
D) By all accounts
64. Without facts, we cannot form a worthwhile opinion for we need to have factual knowledge ________ our thinking.
A) which to be based on
B) which to base upon
C) upon which to base
D) to which to be based
65. ________ that they may eventually reduce the amount of labor needed on construction sites by 90 percent.
A) so clever are the construction robots
B) so clever the construction robots are
C) such construction robots are clever
D) such clever construction robots are
66. All flights ________ because of the storm, they decided to take the train.
A) having canceled
B) having been canceled
C) were canceled
D) have been canceled
67. The microscope can ________ the object 100 times in diameter.
68. Language belongs to each one of us, to the flower-seller ________ to the professor.
A) as much as
B) as far as
C) the same as
D) as long as
69. We ________ Edison’s success to his intelligence and hard work.
70. She once again went through her composition carefully to ________ all spelling mistakes from it.
Part IV Error Correction (15 minutes)
Directions: This part consists of a short passage. In this passage, there are altogether 10 mistakes, one in each numbered line. You may have to change a word, add a word or delete a word. Mark out the mistakes and put the corrections in the blanks provided. If you change a word, cross it out and write the correct word in the corresponding blank. If you add a word, put an insertion mark (∧) in the right place and write the missing word in the blank. If you delete a word, cross it and put a slash (/) in the blank.
Television is rapidly becoming the literature of our periods╱. 1. time/times/period
Many of the arguments having╱ used for the study of literature as 2. _______\_______
a school subject are valid for ∧ study of television. 3. ______the______
Traditionally, the American farmer has always been independent and hard-working. In the eighteenth century farmers were quite self-sufficient. The farm family grew and made almost nothing it needed. The surplus crop (71) would be sold to buy a few items in the local general store.
In 1860, because some of the farm population had (72) moved to the city, yet eighty percent of the American population was still in the country. In the late nineteen century, farm work and life were not much changed from that they had been in the old days. The farmer aroused at (74) dawn or before and had much work to do, with his own muscles like his chief source of power. He used axes, (76) spades and other complicated tools. In his house cooking (77) was done in wood-burning stoves, and the kerosene lamp was the only improvement on the candle. The family’s recreation and social life chiefly consisted a drive in the (78) wagon to the nearby small town or village to transact some business as well as to chat with neighbors who had also come to town. The children attended a small elementary school (often of just one room) to that they had to walk (79) every day, possibly for a few miles. The school term was short so that the children could not help on the farm. (80)
Although the whole family worked, and life was not easy, farmers as a class were self-reliant and independent.
Part V Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition write a composition based on the graph below.
1. Rise and fall of the rate of car accident as indicated by the graph;
2. Possible reason(s) for the decline of car accidents in the city;
3. Your predictions of what will happen this year.
Your composition should be no less than 120 words and you should quote as few figures as possible.
71. nothing → everything
72. because → although
73. nineteen → nineteenth
74. that → what
75. aroused → arose
76. like → as/being
77. complicated → simple
78. (consist) → (consist) of
79. that → which
80. not → /
The graph shows the changing rate of car accidents in Walton city in 1990. The first two months of 1990 showed an increasing trend. The rate rose to 32 in March but fell to 26 in June. From June on the rate was rising again and reached the peak point 39 in August. After August the rate began to decline, and eventually dropped to the lowest point 16 at the end of the year.
The highest rate in August was due to unfavorable weather conditions. Humidity and high temperature make drivers impatient, which easily leads to car accidents. The high rate in the first half of 1990 was also caused by the bad weather condition. In
This year the pattern is expected to change. The city government has raised fund to improve the road condition. Two new roads will be finished at the beginning of this year and are expected to open to traffic soon. Furthermore, the new road regulation provides that in summer every car must be air-conditioned. With all these precautions, I’m sure that the rate of car accidents will be much lower this year.
1. M: Now, what’s your problem, Madam?
W: Oh, yes. My husband bought this yellow skirt here yesterday. It is very nice, but it’s not the colour I want. Have you got any blue ones?
Q: What does the woman want to do?
2. M: The city council has finally voted the funds to build a new high school.
W: It’s about time they did it. I don’t know what took them so long.
Q: What’s the woman’s opinion about the school?
3. M: Last night, jack left his car parked in front of his girl-friend’s house and when he came out to go home, it was gone.
W: Wow! That’s really tough. He just bought it last month, didn’t he?
Q: What do you think happened?
4. M: Some people know a lot more than they tell.
W: Unfortunately the reverse is also true.
Q: What does the man mean?
5. W: We all talk about how liberated we are, but in fact women are still not equally treated.
M: I don’t think so. You’ve got the vote, you’ve got your careers—I think you’ve go everything important.
Q: What are they arguing about?
6. M: It’s partly your own fault. You should never let in anyone like that unless you’re expecting him.
W: It’s all very well to say that, but someone cones to the door and says” electricity “or “gas” and you automatically think he is OK, especially if he shows you a card.
Q: How does the woman feel about the man’s remarks?
7. M: Your yard is always so beautiful, Cathy. You must have a gardener.
W: Oh, no. It would cost at least $50 a month to hire someone to do the work, so I do most of it myself. I enjoy taking care of the flowers, but I have to force myself to do the weeding and cut the grass.
Q: What does Cathy like to do?
8. M: I’d like to make two reservations on Flight 651 for June 8th.
W: I’m sorry, we’re booked up on the 8th. But we still have a few seats available on the 9th.
Q: When does the man want to leave?
9. M: I have to think about your offer. I can’t say “yes” or “no” at the moment.
W: You can take your time. It will do if you let me know your decision in a day or two.
Q: Which of the following is true?
10. M: Well, this is a pleasant surprise. It seems to me we ran into each other here last week too.
W: You and I must have the same idea. The only way to beat the crowds when you do the grocery shopping on Saturday is to be here when they open at 9:00 o’clock sharp!
Q: Why did both of them do grocery shopping at 9:00 o’clock sharp?
In recent years, many Americans of both sexes and various ages have become interested in improving their bodies. They have become devoted to physical fitness.
Many persons have a strong desire to be more physically fit. By nature, Americans are enthusiastic and energetic about hobbies or pastimes.
Many of them apply this enthusiasm, optimism, and energy to running. As a result, there are running clubs to join and numerous books and magazines to read about running.
The desire to be physically fit is explained by a “passion” for good health. The high rate of heart attacks in the 1960s caused an increase of interest in improving the human body.
Middle-aged men especially suffer from heart attacks. Thus, they are one group strongly interested in more physical exercises. In fact, many doctors encourage their patients to become more physically active, especially those who have inactive jobs. It is interesting to note that the rate of heart attacks began to decease between 1972 and 1974 and it is still decreasing. Physical fitness has now become a new “love” of Americans. Will it last long? Only time will tell-or until another “new passion” comes along?
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. Why are Americans so interested in physical exercises?
12. What about the rate of heart attacks between 1972 and 1974 in the United States?
13. What kind of patients are especially encouraged to take part in physical exercises?
Telephone books in the United States have white, blue and yellow pages.
The white pages list people with phones by last name. The blue pages contain numbers of city services, government agencies, and public schools. Businesses and professional services are listed in special section-the Yellow Pages.
To make a long distance call, you need an area code. Each area in the U.S. has an area code. The area covered by one are code may be small or large. For example, New York City has one area code, but so does the whole state of Oregon. If you want to know the area code of a place, you can look it up in the area code map which is printed in the front of the white pages.
There are a lot of public telephones in the U.S.. They have their own numbers. If you are making a long distance call on a public telephone and run out of money, give the number on your phone to the person you’re talking to. Then hang up the receiver and he can call you back. If you make a long distance call and get a wrong number, call the operator and explain what happened. This means that you can make the call again to the right number without having to pay more money.
Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.
14. Where can you find the telephone number of a city council in the telephone book?
15. Where can you find an area code map of the U.S.?
16. What are you advised to do when you get a wring number in making a long distance call?
Federal Express is a private airline service which expands the Postal Service in the United States. It is the only U.S. airline specializing in the transportation of small packages-35 kilos or less.
Federal express links 130 major U.S. cities and 10,000 surrounding communities. An urgent package picked up in one part of the country this afternoon can be delivered to any other part of the country tomorrow morning. All of the Federal Express jets fly into the International Airport at Memphis, Tennessee, because it is located in the center of the United States.
The sorting facility for Federal Express is called “The Hub.” Every night, from about 12 midnight to 30 a.m., the packages are gathered and sorted into shipments for specific destinations. The main labor force is comprised of students working part-time.
Since Federal Express started business in 1971, it has flown millions of air kilometers without fail. In the space of one hour, 39 jets will take off to destinations all across the United States.
Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
17. What makes the Federal Express so unique in the U.S. airline service business?
18. How many major U.S. cities does Federal Express link?
19. Why do all of the Federal Express jets fly into the International Airport at Memphis, Tennessee?
20. Who comprise the main labor force of Federal Express?