Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
1. A) It was misleading.
B) It was enjoyable.
C) It was rather boring.
D) It was just so-so.
2. A) Pop music.
B) Folk music.
C) Classical music.
D) All kinds of music.
3. A) He will fly directly to his destination.
B) He has to change at Albany.
C) He is still not sure how to get there.
D) He must change at Jacksonville.
4. A) It’s late.
B) It’s crowed.
C) It’s empty.
D) It’s on time.
5. A) Unusual.
6. A) Her name is on the top of the list.
B) She will be the last to be interviewed.
C) She is expecting a job interview.
D) She must fix a date for the job.
7. A) The husband is not usually so observant.
B) The wife is annoyed at her husband’s complaint.
C) The husband hasn’t told the truth.
D) The wife is going to the hairdresser’s.
8. A) The student miss their professor very much.
B) The professor didn’t give the lesson.
C) A new course will begin next Monday.
D) Some homework was assigned to the students.
9. A) She accepted their request.
B) She rejected their request.
C) She agreed to consider their request.
D) She asked them to come with the other.
10. A) At work.
B) Back at home.
C) At the meeting.
D) Away from home.
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. A) Cheap clothes.
B) Expensive clothes.
C) Fashionable clothes.
D) Informal clothes.
12. A) They enjoy loud music.
B) They seldom lose their temper.
C) They want to have children.
D) They enjoy modern dances.
13. A) Her twin sister often brings friends home and this annoys the speaker.
B) They can’t agree on the color of the room.
C) They can’t agree on the kind of furniture.
D) The speaker likes to keep things neat while her twin sister doesn’t.
Questions 14 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.
14. A) In the first semester.
B) In the second semester.
C) In the third semester.
D) In the fourth semester.
15. A) She is ill.
B) She is too old.
C) Her husband wants her to.
D) Her husband is ill.
16. A) His father.
B) His mother.
C) His girl friend.
D) His teacher.
17. A) He has decided to continue his studies.
B) He has still to make a decision.
C) He has decided to give up his job.
D) He has still to take a part time job.
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
18. A) Twenty years.
B) A couple of weeks.
C) A couple of years.
D) Five years.
19. A) David had been selling cars.
B) David had taught business.
C) David had become a salesman.
D) David had made a lot of money.
20. A) Rich people are not happy.
B) Being rich is the best thing in the world.
C) Being rich is not always a good thing.
D) Rich people are usually with their families.
Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
Protests at the use of animals in research have taken a new and fearful character in Britain with the attempted murder of two British scientists by the terrorist technique of the pre-planted car-bomb.
The research community will rightly be alarmed at these developments, which have two objectives: to arouse public attention and to frighten people working in research with animals. The first need is that everything should be done to identify those responsible for the crimes and to put them on trail. The Defence Research Society has taken the practical step of offering a reward of 10,000 pounds for information leading to those responsible, but past experience is not encouraging. People are unlikely to be tempted by such offers. The professional police will similarly be confronted by the usual problem of finding a needle in a haystack.
That is why the intellectual (知识分子) community in Britain and elsewhere must act more vigorously in its own defence. There are several steps that can be taken, of which the chief one is to demand of all the organizations that exist with the declared objectives of safeguarding the interests of animals that they should declare clearly where they stand on violence towards people. And it will not be enough for the chairmen and chairwomen of these organizations to utter placatory (安抚的) statements on behalf of all their members. These people should also undertake that it will be a test of continuing membership in their organizations that members and would be members should declare that they will take no part in acts of violence against human beings. Even such undertakings would not be fully effective: people, after all, can lie. But at least they would distinguish the organizations entitled to a continuing voice in the dialogue with the research community about the rights of animals in research from the organizations that deserve no say.
21. The words “these developments” (Para. 2, Line 1) most probably refer to ________.
A) the acts of violence against scientists
B) the use of animals in research
C) the techniques of planting bombs in cars
D) the establishment of new animal protection organization
22. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A) The police abandoned their efforts to find the criminals.
B) The terrorists escaped with the help of their organizations.
C) The attempted murder caused grave anxiety among British scientists.
D) People sympathized murder caused grave anxiety among British scientists.
23. The author’s purpose in writing his article is to demand that animal-protecting organizations ________.
A) declare their objectives clearly
B) give up the use of violence
C) continue the dialogue with the scientific community
D) help to find those responsible for the attempted murder
24. In the author’s opinion ________.
A) since people can lie, the problem about their rights of scientists can’t be solved
B) animal-protecting organizations about be held responsible for acts of violence against scientists
C) animal protection organizations should be declared illegal
D) the scientists should take effective measures to protect themselves
25. What does the word “they” (Para. 3, Line 3) refer to?
A) The animal-protecting organizations.
B) The organizations that will talk with the research community.
C) Those who support the use of animals in research.
D) Those who support the animal-protection organizations.
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
The earlier type of suburb, which was most dependent on the railroad, had a special advantage that could be fully appreciated only after it had disappeared. These suburbs, spread out along a railroad line, were discontinuous and properly spaced; and without the aid of legislation (法规) they were limited in population as well as area; for the biggest rarely held as many as ten thousand people, and under five thousand was more usual. In 1950, for example, Bronxville, New York, a typical upper-class suburb, had 6,778 people, while Riverside, Illinois, founded as early as 1869, had only 9.153.
The size and scale of the suburb, that of neighborhood unit, was not entirely the result of its open planning, which favored low densities. Being served by a railroad line, with station stops from three to five miles apart, there was a natural limit to the spread of any particular community. House had to be sited “within easy walking distance of the railroad station,” as some old residents would point out; and only those wealthy enough to afford a horse and a carriage dared to penetrate farther into the open country.
Through its spaced station stops, the railroad suburb was at first kept from spreading or excessively increasing in numbers, for a natural greenbelt, often still under cultivation as park, gardens, remained between the suburbs and increased the available recreation area. Occasionally, in a few happy areas like Westchester, between 1915 and 1935 a parkway, like the Bronx River parkway, accompanied by continuous strip of park for pedestrian (散步的人) use, not yet overrun by a constant stream of urban traffic, added to the perfection of the whole suburban pattern. Whatever one might say of the social disadvantages this was in many ways a perfect physical environment. But it lasted less than a generation.
26. What was the special advantage of the old type of suburb?
A) Its nearness to the railroad.
B) The vastness of its open space.
C) Its small size in area and population.
D) The high social status of its residents.
27. The size of the old suburb was limited because ________.
A) people wanted to live near a railroad station
B) it was originally planned by railroad companies
C) there was a law governing the size of the suburb
D) local inhabitants didn’t like to out in the country
28. “Happy areas” (Para. 3, Line 3) were areas where ________.
A) life was enjoyed by everyone
B) more roads were built to bypass the heavy traffic
C) a greenbelt was available solely for recreation
D) people could have lots of fun
29. It is evident that the writer ________.
A) finds urban life uncomfortable
B) prefers life in the countryside
C) feels disappointed in the changes of suburbs
D) advocates the idea of returning to nature
30. The topic discussed in the passage is “________”.
A) the size and scale of suburban neighborhood units
B) the advantage of old-type suburbs
C) the location of railroad stations
D) the concept of the suburban pattern
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.
Recent stories in the newspapers and magazines suggest that teaching and research contradict each other, that research plays too prominent a part in academic promotions, and that teaching is badly underemphasized. There is an element of truth in these statements, but they also ignore deeper and more important relationships.
Research experience is an essential element of hiring and promotion at a research university because it is the emphasis on research that distinguishes such a university from an arts college. Some professors, however, neglect teaching for research and that presents a problem.
Most research universities reward outstanding teaching, but the greatest recognition is usually given for achievements in research. Part of the reason is the difficulty of judging teaching. A highly responsible and tough professor is usually appreciated by top students who want to be challenged, but disliked by those whose records are less impressive. The mild professor gets overall ratings that are usually high, but there is a sense of disappointment in the part of the best students, exactly those for whom the system should present the greatest challenges. Thus, a university trying to promote professors primarily on the teaching qualities would have to confront this confusion.
As modern science moves faster, two forces are exerted on professor: one is the time needed to keep on with the profession; the other is the time needed to teach. The training of new scientists requires outstanding teaching at the research university as well as the arts college. Although scientists are usually “made” in the elementary schools, scientists can be “lost” by poor teaching at the college and graduate school levels. The solution is not to separate teaching and research, but to recognize that the combination is difficult but vital. The title of professor should be given only to those who profess, and it is perhaps time for universities to reserve it for those willing to be an earnest part of the community of scholars. Professor unwilling to teach can be called “distinguished research investigators” or something else.
The pace of modern science makes it increasingly difficult to be a great researcher and a great teacher. Yet many are described in just those terms. Those who say we can separate teaching and research simply do not understand the system but those who say the problem will disappear are not fulfilling their responsibilities.
31. What idea does the author want to convey in the first paragraph?
A) It is wrong to overestimate the importance of teaching.
B) Teaching and research are contradictory to each other.
C) Research can never be emphasized too much.
D) The relationship between teaching and research should not be simplified.
32. In academic promotions research universities still attach more importance to research partly because ________.
A) research improves the quality of teaching
B) students who want to be challenged appreciate research professors
C) it is difficult to evaluate teaching quality objectively
D) professor with achievements in research are usually responsible and tough
33. According to the fourth paragraph, which of the following will the author probably agree with?
A) Distinguished professors at research universities should concentrate on research only.
B) The separation of teaching from research can lower the quality of future scientists.
C) It is of utmost importance to improve teaching in elementary schools in order to train new scientists.
D) The rapid developments of modern science make it impossible to combine teaching with research.
34. The title of professor should be given only to those who, first and foremost, do ________.
B) field work
C) scientific research
35. The phrase “the problem” (Para. 5, Line 3) refers to ________.
A) raising the status of teaching
B) the combination of teaching with research
C) the separations of teaching from research
D) improving the status of research
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.
I have had just about enough of being treated like a second-class citizen, simply because I happened to be that put upon member of society-a customer. The more I go into shops and hotels, banks and post offices, railway stations, airports and the like, the more I’m convinced that things are being run solely to suit the firm, the system, or the union. There seems to be a new motto (座右铭) for the so-called ‘service’ organization-Staff Before Service. How often, for example, have you queued for what seems like hours at the Post Office or the supermarket because there aren’t enough staff on duty at all the service counters? Surely in these days of high unemployment it must be possible to increase counter staff. Yet supermarkets, hinting darkly at higher prices, claim that bringing all their cash registers into operation at any time would increase expenses. And the Post Office says we cannot expect all their service counters to be occupied ‘at times when demand is low’.
It’s the same with hotels. Because waiters and kitchen staff must finish when it suits them, dining rooms close earlier or menu choice is diminished. As for us guests (and how the meaning of that word has been cut away little by little), we just have to put up with it. There’s also the nonsense of so many friendly hotel night porters having been gradually with drawn from service in the interests of ‘efficiency’ (i.e. profits) and replaced by coin-eating machines which supply everything from beer to medicine, not to mention the creeping threat of the tea-making set in your room: a kettle with teabags, milk bags sugar. Who wants to wake up to a raw teabag? I don’t, especially when I am paying for ‘service’.
Our only hope is to hammer our irritation whenever and wherever we can and, if all else fails, restore that other, older saying-Take Our Custom (买卖) Elsewhere.
36. The author feels that nowadays customers are ________.
A) not worthy of special treatment
B) not provided with proper service
C) considered to be inferior members of society
D) regarded as privileged
37. In the author’s opinion, the quality of service is changing because ________.
A) the staff are less considerate than employers
B) customers are becoming more demanding
C) customers unwilling to pay extra money
D) more consideration is given to the staff than customers
38. According to the author, long queues at counters are caused by ________.
A) the diminishing supply of good staff
B) lack of cooperation among staff
C) inefficient staff
D) deliberate understaffing
39. The disappearance of old-style hotel porters can be attributed to the fact that ________.
A) self-service provides a cheaper alternative
B) the personal touch is less appreciated nowadays
C) machines are more reliable than human beings
D) few people are willing to do this type of work
40. The author’s final solution to the problem discussed in the passage is ________.
A) to put up with whatever service is provided
B) to make strong complaints wherever necessary
C) to fully utilize all kinds of coin-eating machines
D) to go where good service is available
Part III Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
41. When Mohammed, a friend of mine from the Middle East, first went to the United Kingdom to attend the university, ________ with women in the same class.
A) he’s never before studied
B) he couldn’t before study
C) he would never before study
D) he hasn’t before studied
42. America will never again have as a nation the spirit of adventure as it ________ before the West was settled.
43. The cars were ________ because it was impossible to go any further in the fog.
44. The new designs of the Christmas stamps are always waited for with keen ________.
45. Buck Helm, a retired salesman, survived ________ alive for 90 hours in his car.
A) being buried
B) having buried
D) to be buried
46. We have had to raise our prices because of the increase in the cost of ________ materials.
47. Indeed, almost every scientist now finds it impossible to read all the works relevant to his own subject, ________ extensively outside of it.
A) much more to read
B) much less reading
C) much less to read
D) still more reading
48. It is up to the Government to tackle the air pollution problem and ________ measures in line with the council’s suggestions.
A) set about
B) work out
C) fill up
D) bring over
49. All that day my father was in ________ as he had lost his wallet.
A) great anxiety
C) ill humour
50. We preferred to postpone the meeting ________ it without the presence of our president.
A) rather than hold
B) than to hold
C) rather than held
D) to holding
51. Many people, if not most, ________ literary taste as an elegant accomplishment, by acquiring which they will complete themselves, and make themselves finally fit as members of a correct society.
A) look on
B) look down
C) look in
D) look into
52. What a good listener is able to do is to process what he hears on the basis of the context ________.
A) it occurring in
B) occurred in it
C) occurring in it
D) it occurs in
53. The car accident was ________ to the driver’s violation of the traffic regulations.
54. She is a very ________ student. She’s always talking about travelling to outer space.
55. His lectures on Roman history would do credit ________ a real expert.
56. My grandpa gave me a watch, which is made of gold, ________ I keep to this day.
A) and thus
D) and which
57. I have devoted four weekends to writing papers and now I feel I ________ a rest.
58. I found myself ________ to the spot where the experiment was being performed whenever I had some time to spare.
59. The construction of a 5-million-ton iron and steel works is now under ________.
60. Mary found it difficult to ________ Jim’s father when he disapproved of their marriage.
A) stand for
B) stand out
C) stand by
D) stand up to
61. President Banda’s background as a doctor has given him ________ into the medical problem that face the country.
A) a view
B) a vision
C) an insight
D) a sight
62. I wish ________ to Stockholm when I was in Sweden. I hear it’s a beautiful city.
A) I went
B) I had gone
C) I have gone
D) having gone
63. He ________ his job in order to engage in full-time writing.
B) resigned from
D) took over
64. The west is traditionally the land of the pioneers and the cowboys, where ________ could be easily made in cattle or land.
65. I didn’t sent out my application form last week, but I ________.
A) had to
B) should have
C) would do
D) might have to
66. Vostok is close to the coldest spot in the world, where an ________ minus 128.6 F was recorded in 1983.
67. It is human nature to think back to a Golden Age ________ one’s country was strong and respected.
68. I don’t mind a bit if you bring your friends in for a drink, but it is rather too much when sixteen people arrive ________ for dinner.
69. Faced with all the difficulties, the girl ________ her mother for comfort.
A) turned over
B) turned from
C) turned to
D) turned up
70. David is the ________ holder of the world 5,000-meter world record, but there is no guarantee that he will win in the Olympic Games.
Part IV Error Correction (15 minutes)
Directions: This part consists of a short passage. In this passage, there are altogether 10 mistakes, one in each numbered line. You may have to change a word, add a word or delete a word. Mark out the mistakes and put the corrections in the blanks provided. If you change a word, cross it out and write the correct word in the corresponding blank. If you add a word, put an insertion mark (∧) in the right place and write the missing word in the blank. If you delete a word, cross it and put a slash (/) in the blank.
Television is rapidly becoming the literature of our periods/. 1. time/times/period
Many of the arguments having/ used for the study of literature as 2. __\______
a school subject are valid for ∧ study of television. 3. ___the__
When you board a plane, a machine may soon be scanning more than your bags—it may be studying your face. A computer comes onto the market recently which (71) promises to be able to recognize faces at a glance from a video (72) camera.
The system, known as PRES, has many possible use in (73) different fields but the most prominent is like to be monitoring (74) crowds at airports for known terrorists. Such a task is far from the capabilities of a conventional image processor, which is too quick to be of practical use. Moreover, it is too easily (75) confused: if image of a face in its memory is only a frontal (76) view. For example, they might not recognize that same face (77) when presenting with a side view of the face. (78)
PARES relies in the new technology of neural (神经的) (79) networks. Like the brain, it has many interconnected memory “cells”, which work simultaneously rather than in sequence and thus greatly speed up the computation. And like the brain, the neural network can be trained to concentrate on essentials while ignoring of inessential matters-it can “learn” what’s (80) important and what isn’t. But the training is boring: an operator must patiently correct the computer’s mistakes.
Part V Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the title: Motorcycles and City Traffic. You should base your composition on the following outline (given in Chinese):
You must write your composition in no less than 120 words on Composition Sheet and remember to write it in readable handwriting.
1. W: Michael, did you go to the lecture on the French Revolution last night? I have never heard such an interesting history lecture before.
M: Yes, wasn’t it marvelous! It is said the lecture is a self-taught man with no university education.
Q: What did the man think of the lecture?
2. W: I enjoy all kinds of music. What kind of music do you like?
M: Folk music had appeared to me very much before I became fascinated with pop music. Now I think nothing can compare with classic music.
Q: What kind of music does the man like best?
3. M: I want to take the very next flight to Albany.
W: Well, the very next one leaves in two hours. It goes to Jacksonville, but you can make a connection to your destination.
Q: How can the man get to his destination?
4. M: I’m sorry, Madame. The train is somewhat behind the schedule. Take a seat and I’ll tell you as soon as we know something definite.
W: Thank you. I’ll just sit here and read the magazine in the meantime.
Q: What can you conclude about the train from the conversation?
5. M: Prof. David, I was wondering if you could write a recommendation letter for me.
W: Well, I can write one for you. But I’ll point out your limitation as well as you strength.
Q: What is the woman’s attitude towards writing recommendation?
6. M: You haven’t got the date fixed for the job interview yet, have you?
W: There is a long waiting list, I have to wait until my name gets to the top.
Q: What do we learn about the woman from the conversation?
7. M: I like the way you’ve done your hair, dear. It looks so natural and original.
W: Thank you. I am surprised you noticed it.
Q: What does the conversation tell us?
8. M: Jane, I missed Prof. White class yesterday. Could you tell me the homework he assigned us?
W: Don’t worry, Prof. White was ill and he postponed the lesson to next Monday.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
9. M: Prof. Jackson, we were wondering if we could sit in your English class?
W: I wish I could say “yes”. But if I accepted you two, I wonder how to say “No” to a lot of others who have raised.
the same request.
Q: What does the professor mean?
10. W: Will Richard be coming to the meeting tonight?
M: He’s supposed to. But in fact he won’t be back from the vocation until the day after tomorrow.
Q: Where is Richard now?
Twin sister are supposed to be very much alike, are they not? Well, my twin Jane and I do look alike. However, we are different in many ways. We like very different styles of clothing. I prefer to dress informally, whereas my twin sister dresses like a model, always in the latest fashions. We have very similar characters in most ways. I do not get angry and enjoy being with friends. In this respect, my twin sister feels the same. But she likes loud music and modern dances while I find that night clubs give me a headache. She is always with friends, is the favorite of our teachers and never wants to have children, whereas I prefer to be alone at times, don’t really try to impress my teachers and intend some day to have a family of my own. We have tried to live in the same room several times and even agreed on the color we like best and the kind of furniture we wanted. But I like to keep things neat and orderly while my twin sister acts as if there were a servant around to pick up all the things that get thrown on the floor. I like to go to bed early and get up early. In contrast, she doesn’t seem to have any definite habits, often goes to bed very late and then sleeps late the next day.
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. What kind of clothes does the speaker like?
12. What do the twin sisters have in common?
13. Why doesn’t the speaker like living in the same room with her sister?
Joe is a student at a college in an open area. During his first two semesters, he did very well and at the beginning of third semester he was admitted to a special medical program. If he completed the program successfully, he would be granted admission to a good medical school. He would be able to study to become a doctor. Joe’s mother and father both have full-time jobs and Joe works part-time at a restaurant to help the family finances.
Several weeks ago, Joe’s mother began feeling sharp chest pains. When she went to a doctor, he told her that she would need a heart surgery and would have to give up her job. This would enlarge medical expenses and lose almost half the family income. Joe’s father wants him to drop out of school and go to work full-time to help the family. Joe loves his family very much. But, if he drops out now, he would lose entire semester’s credit and may even lose his place in the premedical program.
He doesn’t know what to do. He speaks to his girlfriend Maria who urges him to remain in school since withdraw now would place his entire future in danger. He also speaks to his cousin Carol, who tells him that his first duty is to help his family get through the difficult times.
Questions 14 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.
14. When was Joe admitted to the special medical program?
15. Why would Joe’s mother give up her job?
16. Who advised Joe to give up his studies?
17. What is Joe going to do?
A couple of weeks ago, I ran into my boyfriend David for the first time in twenty years. I heard that David had made fortune on the stock market. So I was surprised he wasn’t driving an expensive car, or wearing expensive clothes. As a matter of fact, he looked a lot like me, wearing an inexpensive suit that looked a couple of years old and driving an old car with a little rust the edges. I asked him what he was doing in these years and he said he was teaching business at a local community college. “Teaching business?” I exclaimed. I thought I heard you were in New York, making a fortune in stocks. David smiled, “Yes, I didn’t that until about five years ago. But I got out. The stress was giving you a stomachache and a bad heart. Besides, once I got into that business, I had to run just to keep up. I did not have any time to spend with my family. We are much happier now.” I shook my head. He had chosen every man’s ambition but he gave it up. I had always dreamed of having money. But it never occurred to me that there might be disadvantages to be in rich.
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
18. How long ago did the speaker last meet his friend David?
19. What had the speaker heard about David before they met?
20. What did the speaker realize at the end?