【全能语法】Day28:长难句阅读障碍消除-独立主格
日期:2018-01-31 11:07

(单词翻译:单击)

讲义
长难句阅读障碍消除之:独立主格
特殊结构

1)定义
2)识别

3)处理

原:After class was over (=class being over/ class over), the students soon left the classroom.

改:Class being over/ class over, the students soon left the classroom.


长难句阅读障碍消除之:独立主格
特殊结构

1)定义
2)识别

3)处理


基本形式1: 名词/代词 + 现在分词

The problem being solved, we went home.


基本形式2: 名词(代词)+过去分词

The problem solved, we went home.


基本形式3: 名词(代词)+不定式

So much homework to do, I can’t watch TV.


基本形式4: 名词(代词)+介词短语

Books in his hand, our teacher came in.


基本形式5: 名词(代词)+形容词/副词

Peter fell asleep, lights on


基本形式6: It/There being + 名词/代词
There being nothing to do, we went home.

It being a holiday, all the shops were shut.


长难句阅读障碍消除之:独立主格
特殊结构

1)定义
2)识别

3)处理

1. Agriculture is the country’s chief source of wealth, wheat ______ by far the biggest cereal crop.

A. is B. been C. be D. being

2.There___ nothing more for discussion, the meeting came to an end half an hour earlier.
A. to be B. to have been C. Being D. be

3. _______no cause for alarm, the old man went back to his bedroom.
A. there was B. since C. being D. there being

4. _______, he can now only watch it on TV at home.
A. obtaining not a ticket for the match
B. Not obtaining a ticket for the match
C. not having obtained a ticket for the match
D. not obtained a ticket fot the match


综合测试
1. But brain researchers have discovered that when we consciously develop new habits, we create parallel synaptic paths, and even entirely new brain cells, that can jump our trains of thought onto new, innovative tracks.

2. Today, surrounded by promises of easy happiness, we need art to tell us, as religion once did, Memento mori: remember that you will die, that everything ends, and that happiness comes not in denying this but in living with it.
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重点单词
  • innovativeadj. 革新的,创新的
  • cerealn. 谷类食物,麦片 adj. 谷类的,谷物的
  • tracksn. 轨道(track的复数);磁道;轮胎
  • wheatn. 小麦,小麦色
  • sourcen. 发源地,来源,原始资料
  • paralleladj. 平行的,相同的,类似的,并联的 n. 平行线(
  • consciouslyadv. 有意识地,自觉地
  • fell动词fall的过去式 n. 兽皮 vt. 砍伐,击倒 a