【全能语法】:Day30 长难句阅读障碍消除-特殊结构
日期:2018-01-31 11:10

(单词翻译:单击)

讲义
长难句阅读障碍消除之:特殊结构

As用法

用法1:as 作为介词

1)定义
2)识别

3)处理

1. 作 “如,像” 充当,作为解。

(1) They got united as one man
(2) As a writer, he was famous.

2 As作为介词,常和以下动词连用。

regard…as/be known as/consider…as use…as/ describe…as/be remembered as work as/ act as/be honored as/


As用法

用法2:as作连词引导状语从句


1)定义
2)识别

3)处理


1)as…as ..像…一样;

例:Peter is not so/as smart as you think.
2):as 引导时间状语从句
例:We get wiser as we get older.
3)引导原因状语从句
例:As it is getting dark, we have to turn back.
4):as 引导方式状语从句
例:When in Rome, do as Romans do.
5):as 引导条件状语从句

例:As long as you study hard, you will make progress.


As用法

用法3:As 引导状语从句的倒装。


结构1):名词/形容词/ 副词 + as +主语 + 谓语

结构2): 动词+as + 主语 + may(might/will/would)


1)定义
2)识别

3)处理

示例1:

Child as he is, he knows a lot about physics.
示例2:
Much as he likes playing online games, he has no time to do so.
示例3:
Late as it was, he continued to study.
示例4:

Try as he would, he could not get the first place.


As用法 用法4:可以引出定语从句
1)定义
2)识别

3)处理

示例1:

As is known to all, learning a foreign language is useful.


As用法 小测试
1)定义
2)识别

3)处理

1. _____ I explained on the phone, your request will be considered at the next meeting.

A.That B. As C. Which D. What
2. ______, he talks a lot about his favourite singers after class.
A. A quiet student as he may be
B. Quiet student as he may be
C. Quiet as he may be a student

D. As he may be a quiet student


长难句阅读障碍消除之:强调句
强调句 基本结构分类:
1.陈述句强调:It +is/was+被强调部分+ that/who +句子的其它成分

1)定义
2)识别

3)处理

例1: It is the children who broke the window. 是孩子们打破窗户的。(强调the children)

例2: It was to you and not anyone else that I lent the money. 我只借钱给你,不借给其他人。(强调to you and not anyone)

例3: It is only when you have your own children that you realize the troubles of parenthood. 当你有了自己的孩子,才能真切地了解到双亲的辛苦。(强调only when you have your own children)


长难句阅读障碍消除之:强调句
强调句 基本结构分类:

2. 一般疑问句:It +is/was+被强调部分+ that/who +句子的其它成分
1)定义
2)识别

3)处理

例1: is it the children who broke the window. 是孩子们打破窗户的。(强调the children)

例2: Was it to you and not anyone else that I lent the money. 我只借钱给你,不借给其他人。(强调to you and not anyone)

例3: Is it only when you have your own children that you realize the troubles of parenthood. 当你有了自己的孩子,才能真切地了解到双亲的辛苦。(强调only when you have your own children)


长难句阅读障碍消除之:强调句

强调句 基本结构分类:
3. 特殊疑问句:(Who / What / When / Where / Why / How)+is /was it that…
1)定义
2)识别

3)处理

例1: When was it that he got married? 他是什么时候结婚的?

例2: How long ago is it that you last saw her? 你上一次看见她是多久以前的事?

例3: Who was it that won the World Cup in 1982? 谁赢得了1982年的世界杯?

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重点单词
  • describevt. 描述,画(尤指几何图形),说成
  • requestn. 要求,请求 vt. 请求,要求
  • smartadj. 聪明的,时髦的,漂亮的,敏捷的,轻快的,整洁的