日期:2021-04-08 06:39


Qing Ming or Thanksgiving?


Qingming is popularly associated with Jie Zidui in the Spring and Autumn Period, who saved his starving lord's life by serving meat cut from his own leg. The lord, known as Jinwengong, was later able to take power and decided to reward Jie but he declined. Jinwengong tried to force Jie out of a forest by fire but instead burned him to death and felt deep regret. He ordered all his people to ban the use of fire and eat cold food that day to mark Jie's death. It is the origin of the Cold Food Festival, which starts one or 2 days before Qing Ming and later merges with Qingming. Qingming Festival then became an important holiday from an originally simple farming day.


Orchid Basin Festival

日本: 摆放火盆迎祖灵

Falling on July 15th according to the lunar calendar, Orchid Basin Festival is one of the big events in Japan all people observe. Japan usually gives people 3 days off to go back to their hometowns to pay respect to their ancestors. It is said that the ancestors' spirits will return home, and so each household put fire basins outside at the gate and hang lanterns for the spirits to find their way back.


Diwali-Festival of Lights

印度: 点燃蜡烛纪念故人

Diwali or Deepavali, the festival of "rows of lights", is one of the most important of all Hindu festivals. People place candles on the stairs, hallway and balcony at home when night falls that day to pay respect to the deceased and pray for the family. Lighting lamps and candles during the festival is also considered auspicious by bringing light, knowledge and eternal life from darkness, ignorance and death.


All Soul's Day

墨西哥: 化妆骷髅大游行

All Soul's Day, also called the "Day of the Dead" usually occurs on November 2, when families fondly remember the deceased by praying before an altar. It's also a time marked by festivities, including parades of skeletons. In one notable tradition, revelers lead a mock funeral procession with a live person inside a coffin.


Day of the dead

波兰: 点蜡烛给亡灵指路

Poland and most of the Catholic world have celebrated the festival on Nov 1 for many centuries. Also known as All Saints Day, it's a national holiday when people all over Poland visit the graves of loved ones and to place candles and flowers at tombstones. The candles, which can burn for hours, are placed to help the departed souls find the way home.


Memorial Day in US

美国: 鸣枪悼念阵亡烈士

Memorial Day is a US national holiday observed on the last Monday of May. It commemorates those who died while in military service to their country. Soldiers in service and veterans go to cemeteries to pay respect to their dead peers by firing guns and blowing trumpets. First enacted to honor American soldiers and casualties in the civil war, the two World Wars and other military actions, it later evolved as a popular civil festival for each family to commemorate the passing of their loved ones.


1.earth burial - originated in the Stone Age and popular worldwide


2.cremation - the most widely used


3.water burial - floating and soaking corpse and scattering ashes in waters, observed in Oceania


4.celestial burial - the Tibetans believe corpse eaten by golden eagles could enter heaven


5.hole burial - put the coffin in mountain holes


6.tree burial - bury ashes under a tree as a green funeral


7.hanging coffin - common in ancient China by hanging coffin on mountains, the higher the better


8.sand burial - corpse buried under the sand could be well preserved


9.wind burial - under the exposure of air


10.mummy - the most long-lasting method to preserve a corpse intact