Making five healthy lifestyle choices could prolong your life by longer than 10 years, according to a new study.
The habits are recognizable - eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, drinking only in moderation, not smoking and maintaining a healthy body weight - but the study sought to quantify the exact extent to which they could impact a person's health and longevity. The findings, published in the journal Circulation, suggest that adhering to these five behaviors could extend a woman's life expectancy at age 50 by 14 years, and a man's by 12.
这些习惯是被人认可的--饮食健康、定期锻炼、适度饮酒、不抽烟、保持健康的体重--但该研究试图量化这些习惯对人们健康和寿命带来影响的确切程度 。研究结果发表在Circulation期刊上，表明50岁时坚持这5种习惯能使女性寿命延长14年，男性寿命延长12年 。
The researchers analyzed data from two large studies of U.S. health professionals, using a sample of almost 79,000 women and more than 44,300 men. The people filled out detailed questionnaires about their health and lifestyle habits every two to four years, with researchers monitoring their adherence to the five behaviors highlighted by the study.
研究人员分析了美国卫生专业人员的两项大型研究数据，该研究涉及近79000名女性和超过44300名男性 。受试者每隔2年至4年填写一份有关健康和生活方式习惯的详细问卷，研究员也会监测他们对研究中指出的这5种行为的遵守情况 。
People were considered to have a healthy diet if they fell into the top 40% of the study group, based on their Healthy Eating Index score; to drink moderately if they had a drink or fewer per day for women, or two drinks a day or fewer for men; to have a healthy body weight if their body mass index fell between 18.5 and 24.9; to exercise regularly if they were active for at least 30 minutes a day; and to not smoke if they had never picked up the habit.
The researchers tracked the group for up to 34 years. During that time, more than 42,000 people died. Almost 14,000 of these deaths were due to cancer, according to the study, and almost 10,700 were due to cardiovascular disease.
研究人员对这些人追踪研究长达34年 。在此期间，超多42000多人去世 。研究表示：近14000起死亡事件是由癌症所致，近10700起死亡事件是由心血管疾病所致 。
Those who followed all five of the healthy habits, however, were 74% less likely to die during the follow-up period than those who followed none of them. Beyond that general risk reduction, they were 82% less likely to die from cardiovascular disease and 65% less likely to die from cancer.
然而，遵循上述所有5种健康习惯的受试者在随访期间的死亡率比不遵守习惯的受试者低74% 。除了总体风险降低之外，他们死于心血管疾病的风险要低82%，死于癌症的风险则低65% 。