Zheng Chenggong(1624~1662) was a Chinese military leader of the late Ming and early Qing dynasties.
After the Ming Dynasty fell to the Manchu, Zheng refused Manchu offers of rank and power and launched a military campaign against the new Dynasty in 1659, taking a large force from his base in Fujian Province up the Yangtze River. Initial success turned into failure, but, undaunted, Zheng took Taiwan from the Dutch in 1662 to use as a secure rear base area.
Further glory was cut short by his death later that year.
He became a popular deity and cultural hero to the Chinese, and even the Qing court honoured him as a paragon of loyalty.
In Japan the playwright Chikamatsu Monzaemon celebrated him on the stage (Zheng had a Japanese mnther).