新东方GRE核心词汇考法精析 List4:Unit10
日期:2015-03-09 15:16



【考法 1】 adj. 宽敞舒适的 comfortably or conveniently spacious: roomy

【例】a commodious closet 宽敞的衣橱

【近】spacious, roomy

【反】constricted, cramped, snug, constringed 狭窄的


【考法 1】 adj. 符合常识的,有依据的:displaying common sense,based on sound reasoning or information

【例】The only commonsensical solution would be to divide the children into groups according to age. 唯一合理


【近】justified, logical, rational, reasonable, reasoned, valid, well-founded, levelheaded

【 反 】 groundless, illogical, invalid, irrational, nonrational, nonsensical, nonvalid, unfounded, uninformed,

unjustified, unreasonable, unreasoned, unsound 无逻辑的,不合理的;preposterous 荒谬的


【考法 1】 n. 骚乱:an agitated disturbance

【例】The commotion was created when the nation's top rock band arrived in town. 当顶级摇滚乐队来到小镇时,


【近】tumult, turmoil, pandemonium, hurry-scurry

【反】tranquility, calmness, quiet, serenity 安静;order 有序


【考法 1】 n. 摘要:a brief summary of a larger work or of a field of knowledge: abstract

【例】a compendium of information 资料概要

【近】abstract, brief, overview

【派】compendious adj. 简洁而全面的:concise and comprehensive

【例】his compendious knowledge of this subject 他关于这一学科全面的知识

【近】concise, brief, laconic, compendiary, succinct

【考法 2】 目录:各种项目的列表或集合:a list or collection of various items.

【例】Compendium of Materia Medica 《本草纲目》

【近】compilation, miscellany


【考法 1】 n. 自满,无忧患意识:a feeling of self-satisfaction, coupled with an unawareness of trouble

【例】Complacency is the enemy of study. 自满乃学习之敌。|| A momentary complacency that was quickly

dispelled by the shock of cold reality. 短暂的自满很快就被残酷的现实赶跑了。

【近】conceit, pomposity, pompousness, pride, self-admiration, self-assumption, smugness, vanity

【反】anxiety 忧虑;humbleness, humility, modesty 谦虚


【考法 1】 n. 愿意顺从,讨好,彬彬有礼:disposition to please or comply: affability

【例】She speaks with complaisance. 说话彬彬有礼。|| The complaisance of his girlfriend is such that she

meekly goes along with everything he says. 他的女朋友讨好他,对他言听计从。

【例】【近】 affability, amenability, amiability, good-naturedness

【反】 obstinacy 固执;churlishness 粗野


【考法 1】 adj. 顺从的:ready or disposed to comply: submissive

【例】a corrupt regime aided by a compliant television station 一个在顺从的电视台帮助下的腐败政府

【近】amenable, conformable, docile, submissive, tractable

【反】balky, contumacious, disobedient, incompliant, insubordinate, intractable, noncompliant, obstreperous,

rebel, rebellious, recalcitrant, refractory, unamenable, ungovernable, unruly, willful, wayward 顽固,难驾驭的


【考法 1】 n./ vt. 称赞,恭维:an expression of praise, admiration, or congratulation

【例】a man meriting the compliments and homage of his fellows 一个值得他的伙伴们尊敬和称赞的人

【近】praise, commend, eulogize, extol, laud

【反】vituperate 责骂

【派】complimentary adj. 称赞的:expressing or containing a compliment

【反】vituperative 责骂的

【考法 2】 n. 敬意,免费赠送的礼物:formal and respectful recognition : honor

【例】How about a delicious dessert then, with our compliment? 给您上点甜点怎么样,算是我们小小的敬意。


【考法 1】 vi. 遵从:to conform, submit, or adapt (as to a regulation or to another's wishes) as required or


【例】the devices comply with industry standards 设备要遵循工业标准 || There will be penalties against

individuals who fail to comply. 谁不遵从谁就会受到惩罚。

【近】conform, submit, observe

【反】defy, disobey, rebel against, violate, breach, transgress 违背


【考法 1】 v. 使镇定:to free from agitation: calm

【例】She took a deep breath and composed herself. 她做了一个深呼吸,控制住了自己的情绪。

【近】contain, settle

【反】agitate, discompose, disquiet, disturb, perturb, upset, vex

【派】composed adj. 镇静的,安定的:free from agitation: calm

【反】distraught, restless 发狂的,不平静的

【派】composure n. 镇定:a calmness or repose especially of mind, bearing, or appearance

【考法 2】 v. 组成,构成:to form the substance of : constitute

【例】composed of many ingredients 有很多配料组成

【近】constitute, comprise, make up

  • recalcitrantadj. 反抗的,反对的,顽强的 n. 反抗的人,顽强者
  • contumaciousadj. 不听命令的,顽固的,拒不服从的
  • perturbvt. 使烦恼,使不安
  • bandn. 带,箍,波段 n. 队,一群,乐队 v. 绑扎 v
  • regimen. 政体,制度 n. 养生法(=regimen)
  • violatevt. 违犯,亵渎,干扰,侵犯,强奸
  • commotionn. 骚动,暴乱,喧闹
  • conceitn. 自负,自大,个人观点,幻想,巧妙的构思 v.
  • transgressv. 越过,违反,越界,违法
  • tractableadj. 温顺的,易于管教的