Environmental pollution is a term that refers to all the ways by which man pollutes his surroundings.
Man dirties the air with gases and smoke, poisons the water with chemicals and other substances, and damages the soil with too many fertilizers and pesticides.
Man also pollutes his surroundings in various ways. For example, people ruin natural beauty by scattering junk and litter on the land and in the water. They operate machines and motor vehicles that fill the air with disturbing noise.
Nearly everyone causes pollution in some way. Environmental pollution is one of the most serious problems facing mankind today, and badly polluted air can cause illness, and even death.
Since United Nations Earth Summit in 1992, more and more people and governments have adopted the idea of “sustainable development”.
This is the idea that today’s economic growth should not be at the risk of the resources and options for future generations. Planning and development need to ensure not only economic growth, but also social advancement and environmental health, and this means that some economic behaviors must be restricted or controlled.
There are many serious environmental problems in China: air pollution, water pollution, desertification, overfishing, destruction of natural habitats, acid rain, over-consumption of wild animals and plants, etc. Behind them all, is the contradiction between economic growth and environmental protection.
Instilling principles of sustainable development into governmental planning, resources management and economic policy is the most important step China could take to solve its environmental problems.