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日期:2014-01-02 16:38



  One hundred and thirteen million Americans have at least one bank-issued credit card. They give their owners automatic 1 in stores, restaurants, and hotels, at home, across the country, and even abroad, and they make many banking services 2 as well. More and more of those credit cards can be 3 automatically, making 4 possible to withdraw or 5 money in scattered locations, whether or not the local branch bank is open, For many of us the "cashless society" is not 6 ---- it' s already here.
  7 computers offer these conveniences to consumers, they have many 8 for sellers too. Electronic cash registers can do much more than simply 9 sales. They can keep a wide 10 of records, including who sold what, when and to whom. This information allows businessmen to 11 track of their list of goods 12 showing which items are being sold and how fast they are moving. 13 to reorder or return goods to suppliers can then be made. At the same time these computers record which 14 are the busiest and which employees are the most efficient, allowing personnel and staffing assignments to be made 15 . And they also 16 preferred customers for promotional campaigns. Computers are relied on by manufacturers for 17 reasons. Computer-analyzed marketing reports can help to decide which products to emphasize now, which to develop for the future and which to drop. Computers keep track of goods in 18 , of raw materials 19 hand, and even of the production process itself.
  Numerous other commercial enterprises, from theaters to magazine publishers, from gas and electric 20 to milk processors, bring better and more efficient services to consumers through the use of computers.

  1. [A] mortgage [B]acknowledgement [C] loan [D] credit
  2. [A] available [B] profitable [C] homogeneous [D] instantaneous
  3. [A] issued [B] read [C] taken [D] used
  4. [A] it [B] that [C] those [D] them
  5. [A] lodge [B] secure [C] input [D] deposit
  6. [A]on the air [B]in the distance [C] on the horizon [D]before long
  7. [A] While [B] When [C] If [D] Though
  8. [A] drawbacks [B] handicaps [C] rewards [D] advantages
  9. [A] bring up [B] ring up [C] show up [D] mark up
  10. [A] range [B] area [C] field [D] scope
  11. [A] take [B] follow [C] keep [D] make
  12. [A] with [B] through [C] in [D] by
  13 [A] Resolutions [B] Determinations [C] Requirements [D] Decisions
  14. [A] ages [B] hours [C] times [D] eras
  15.[A] respectively [B] rationally [C] accordingly [D] justifiably
  16. [A] identify [B] recognize [C] distinguish [D] discriminate
  17. [A]comparative [B] dissimilar [C] compatible [D] similar
  18. [A] stock [B] order [C] store [D] cash
  19. [A] at [B] by [C] under [D]on
  20. [A] utilities [B] appliances [C] apparatus [D] equipment


  Text 18答案
  1. 【答案】D
  2. 【答案】A
  3. 【答案】B
  4. 【答案】A
  【解析】此题考查make it possible to do的用法,其他不符合语法结构。
  5. 【答案】D
  【解析】与withdraw“取钱”相对的词为deposit“存钱”,其他不合文意。lodge意为“投宿;寄宿”,如:lodge at a friend’s house寄宿在一个朋友家;secure意为“获得;防护”;input意为“输入”。
  6. 【答案】C
  【解析】信用卡的使用已经使美国变成了一个“无现金”的社会,这种“无现金”的社会并非on the horizon“在遥远的未来、即将出现”,其他不合文意。On the air意为“在播送/广播中”;in the distance指空间,意为“在远方/处”;before long意为“不久”。
  7. 【答案】A
  8. 【答案】D
  9. 【答案】B
  【解析】现金出纳机cash register可以up“把款项记人出纳机”,其他不合文意。Bring up意为“教育、培养”;show up意为“使呈现;出席”;mark up意为“使……满是记号”。
  10. 【答案】A
  【解析】此句意为:现金出纳机可以做各种记载,因此选range“范围”,指属于同一类的各种不同事物的范围。其他不合文意。area意为“地区、领域”,如:in the area of language语言领域;field意为“领域”,与area同义;scope意为“活动或某科目的范围”,如:the scope of a book一本书涉及的范围。
  11. 【答案】C
  【解析】此句意为:出纳机提供的信息可以使商人了解货品情况。keep track of意为“记录;掌握……的线索;留心……的进程”,其他不符合搭配。
  12. 【答案】D
  【解析】表示手段后接动名词时,通常用by。with和through常接名词,例如:1)eat with a spoon用勺子吃饭。2)I got the book through the library.我通过图书馆弄到这本书。in表示手段,常用作in pencil/French“用铅笔/法语”。
  13. 【答案】D
  【解析】根据后置定语reorder or return goods“再定货或退货”,确定答案为decisions“决定”,make decisions意为“做决定”。其他不合文意。resolutions意为“决议”;determinations意为“坚定的决心”;requirements意为“要求”。
  14. 【答案】B
  【解析】此题句意为:电脑可以记录最忙的营业时间,复数形式hours意为“工作/营业时间”,如:office hours营业时间;school/visiting hours上学/探视时间。其他不合文意。ages,复数形式,意为“很久”,如:Haven’t seen you for ages.好久不见;times,复数形式,意为“年代”,如:ancient times古代;eras意为“时代;纪元”,如:the era of space太空时代。
  15. 【答案】C
  16. 【答案】A
  17. 【答案】D
  题句意为:厂家也依赖电脑是因为类似的原因。similar意为“相同的;类似的”,其他不合文意。comparative意为“对比的”,如:a comparative study对比研究;dissimilar意为“不同的”;compatible意为“兼容的;和谐的”。
  18. 【答案】A
  【解析】 instock意为“备有;有库存”;inorder意为“井然有序的”;instore(for)意为“储备着”;in cash意为“用现金”。
  19. 【答案】D
  【解析】on hand意为“现有的、可得到的”;at hand意为“在手边/附近”;by hand意为“手工地”;underhand意为“私下;有人照管”。D最符合文意。
  20. 【答案】 A
  【解析】这里是对主语的举例,需要表示公司机构的词,所以选utilities,意为“公用事业公司”。Gas and electric utilities意为“天然气和电气公司”。其他不合文意。appliances意为“家用电器”;apparatus意为“一套仪器设备”;equipment意为“设备”。

  • dissimilaradj. 不同的
  • apparatusn. 装置,器具,器官,机构,组织
  • availableadj. 可用的,可得到的,有用的,有效的
  • numerousadj. 为数众多的,许多
  • trackn. 小路,跑道,踪迹,轨道,乐曲 v. 跟踪,追踪
  • distinguishvt. 区别,辨认,使显著
  • compatibleadj. 能共处的,可并立的,适合的,兼容的 n. 兼容
  • spoonn. 匙,调羹,匙状物 vt. 以匙舀起 vi. 调情
  • secureadj. 安全的,牢靠的,稳妥的 vt. 固定,获得,使
  • branchn. 分支,树枝,分店,分部 v. 分支,分岔