英语六级巅峰阅读附详解 第25期:文明驾驶
日期:2015-04-24 17:13



It is all very well to blame traffic jams,the cost of petrol and the quick pace of modern life,but mannerson the roads are becoming horrible.Everybody knows that the nicest men become monsters behind the wheel.Itis all very well,again,to have a tiger in the tank,but to have one in the driver's seat is another matter altogether.You might tolerate the odd road-hog(莽撞驾车者),the rude and inconsiderate driver,but nowadays the well-mannered motorist is the exception to the rule.Perhaps the situation calls for a "Be Kind to Other Drivers"campaign,otherwise it may get completely out of hand.

Road politeness is not only good manners, but good sense too.It takes the most cool-headed and good-tempered of drivers to resist the temptation to revenge when subjected to uncivilized behavior.On the other hand,a little politeness goes a long way towards relieving the tensions of motoring.A friendly nod or a wave of acknowledgement in response to an act of politeness when they see it.

However,misplaced politeness can also be dangerous.Typical examples are the driver who brakes violently toallow a car to emerge from a side street at some hazard to following traffic,when a few seconds later the road would be clear anyway;or the man who waves a child across a zebra crossing into the path of oncoming vehicles that may be unable to stop in time.The same goes for encouraging old ladies to cross the road wherever and whenever they care to.It always amazes me that the highways are not covered with the dead bodiesof these grannies.

A veteran driver,whose manners are faultless,told me it would help if motorists learnt to filter correctlyinto traffic streams one at a time without causing the total blockages that give rise to bad temper.Unfortunately,modern motorists can't even learn to drive,let alone master the subtler aspects of roadsmanship.Years age the experts warned us that the car-ownership explosion would demand a lot more give-and-take from all road users.It is high fime for all of us to take this message to heart.







1.According to the passage,people's behaviors on the roads are becoming_____________________.

2.What does the author suggest in order to get control of the situation?

3.Drivers who can manage to control their impulse to revenge when they experience impolite behavior are considered as_________________by the author.

4.Encouraging old ladies to cross the road at the wrong moment is referred as______________by the author.

5.Experts have long pointed out that all road users should be ready to yield to each other due to______________________.


[定位]根据题干中的behaviors on the roads定位到首段首句。

解析:题干中的people's behaviors是原文中manners的同义替换。空白处需要形容词作表语,故填人horrible即可。

2.[A"Be Kind to Other Drivers"campaign.]
[定位]根据题干中的get control和situation定位到首段末句。

解析:原文中的get out of hand意为“失控”,与题干中的get control of“控制”刚好相反。原文说需要发起某一活动来控制这种情形,否则后果严重,可见为了控制局面,就要发起这一活动,该活动即答案。

3.[the most cool-headed and good-tempered.]
[定位]根据题干中的drivers,to revenge等定位到第2段第2句。

解析:题干中的control their impulse to相当于原文的resist the temptation to,experience impolite behavior也是原文subjected to uncivilized behavior的同义替换。原文提到某些司机在遇到不文明行为时能忍住报复的冲动,空白处需填描述这些司机的形容词或名词(词组),即the most cool-headed and good-tempered。

4.[misplaced politeness]
[定位]根据题干中的encouraging old ladies to cross the road定位到第3段。

解析:该段首句是主题句,讲述了misplaced politeness是很危险的行为,并举例证明。原文该段倒数第二句中的The same goes for指的就是这种行为。主题句中的主语即本题答案。

5.[the car-ownership explosion]
[定位]根据题干中的Experts和pointed out查找到末段倒数第2句。

解析:原文中的Years ago the experts warned对应题干中的Experts have long pointed out,而be ready to yield toeach other是原文中demand a lot more give-and-take的同义替换,故原文该句that从句中的主语the car-ownership explosion部分即为答案。