Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
Directions: In this section you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four suggested answers marked A)，B)，C), and D) and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
You will hear:
You will read:
A) 2 hours.
B) 3 hours.
C) 4 hours.
D) 5 hours.
From the conversation we know that the two are talking about some work they will start at 9 o’clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D) “5 hours” is the correct answer. You should choose [D] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre.
Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]
1. A) At home.
B) In a phone box.
C) In her office.
D) In a friend’s house.
2. A) On the west side of a square.
B) At the end of a street.
C) To the east of the traffic light.
D) On the east side of a square.
3. A) She has to change the time for the trip.
B) She hasn’t decided where to go next month.
C) She can’t afford the time for the trip.
D) She will manage to leave this month.
4. A) The apartment is better furnished.
B) She prefers to live in a quiet place.
C) It’s less expensive to live in an apartment.
D) She finds her roommates difficult to get along with.
5. A) In a hospital.
B) In a library.
C) In a travel agency.
D) In a restaurant.
6. A) Customer and salesperson.
B) Teacher and student.
C) Boss and secretary.
D) Guest and waitress.
7. A) He didn’t buy anything.
B) He got some medicine for his foot.
C) He was sick and couldn’t go shopping.
D) He bought everything except the football.
8. A) Teachers like Professor Janson are rare.
B) Professor Janson has won a million dollars.
C) Professor Janson is lucky to be teaching at that school.
D) There are many teachers as good as Professor Janson.
9. A) She didn’t know her daughter could sing so well.
B) She sings better than her daughter.
C) She doesn’t like her daughter.
D) She herself doesn’t have a good voice.
10. A) He finds history books difficult to understand.
B) He has to read a lot of history books.
C) He doesn’t like the history course.
D) He has lost his history book.
Questions 11 to 14 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. A) At night.
B) At noon.
C) In the morning.
D) In the afternoon.
12. A) About Germans on strike.
B) About a new-type airplane.
C) About an air crash.
D) About rescue workers in UK Motors.
13. A) They wanted higher pay.
B) They wanted fewer working hours.
C) They wanted better working conditions.
D) They wanted an annual three-week holiday.
14. A) Rainy.
Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.
15. A) He has always lived in America.
B) He has been in America for three years.
C) He visited America three years ago.
D) He has come to America to do research on advertising.
16. A) There were far more advertisements there than he had expected.
B) The advertisements there were well designed.
C) The advertisements there were creative and necessary.
D) He found the advertisements there difficult to understand.
17. A) Be more careful about what they advertise.
B) Spend less money on advertising.
C) Advertise more for their products.
D) Use new advertising techniques.
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
18. A) He is always in a hurry.
B) He is quick in making decisions.
C) He is always the first to arrive at the airport.
D) He usually doesn’t get the reward he deserves.
19. A) He misses his flight.
B) He can find a good seat.
C) He leaves the airport first at the end of the trip.
D) His luggage comes out last.
20. A) He was told to board the wrong plane.
B) He was not allowed to board the plane.
C) He arrived at the airport without a ticket.
D) He found it difficult to explain why he arrived so early.
Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
There are desert plants which survive the dry season in the form of inactive seeds. There are also desert insects which survive as inactive larvae (幼虫). In addition, difficult as it is to believe, there are desert fish which can survive through years of drought (干旱) in the form of inactive eggs. These are the shrimps (小虾) that live in the Mojave Desert, an intensely dry region in the south-west of the United States where shade temperatures of over 50C are often recorded.
The eggs of the Mojave shrimps are the size and have the appearance of grains of sand. When sufficient spring rain falls to form a lake, once every two to five years, these eggs hatch (孵化). Then the water is soon filled with millions of tiny shrimps about a millimetre long which feed on tiny plant and animal organisms which also grow in the temporary desert lake. Within a week, the shrimps grow from their original 1 millimetre to a length of about 1.5 centimetres.
Throughout the time that the shrimps are rapidly maturing, the water in the lake equally rapidly evaporates. Therefore, for the shrimps it is a race against time. By the twelfth day, however, when they are about 3 centimetre long, hundreds of tiny eggs form on the underbodies of the females. Usually by this time, all that remains of the lake is a large, muddy patch of wet soil. On the thirteenth day and the next, during the final hours of their brief lives, the shrimps lay their eggs in the mud. Then, having ensured that their species will survive, the shrimps die as the last of the water evaporates.
If sufficient rain falls the next year to form another lake, the eggs hatch, and once again the shrimps pass rapidly through their cycle of growth, adulthood, egg-laying, and death. Some years there is insufficient rain to form a lake: in this case, the eggs will remain dormant for another years, or even longer if necessary. Very, very occasionally, perhaps twice in a hundred years, sufficient rain falls to form a deep lake that lasts a month or more. In this case, the species passes through two cycles of growth, egg-laying, and death. Thus, on such occasions, the species multiplies considerably, which further ensures its survival.
21. Which of the following is the MOST distinctive feature of Mojave shrimps?
A) Their lives are brief.
B) They feed on plant and animal organisms.
C) Their eggs can survive years of drought.
D) They lay their eggs in the mud.
22. By saying “for the shrimps it is a race against time” (Para. 3, line 2) the author means ________.
A) they have to swim fast to avoid danger in the rapidly evaporating lake
B) they have to swim fast to catch the animal organisms on which they survive
C) they have to multiply as many as possible within thirteen days
D) they have to complete their life cycle within a short span of time permitted by the environment
23. The passage mainly deals with ________.
A) the life span of the Mojave shrimps
B) the survival of desert shrimps
C) the importance of water to life
D) life in the Mojave Desert
24. The word “dormant” (Para. 4, Line 3) most probably means ________.
25. It may be inferred from the passage that ________.
A) appearance and size are most important for life to survive in the desert
B) a species must be able to multiply quickly in order to survive
C) for some species one life cycle in a year is enough to survive the desert drought
D) some species develop a unique life pattern to survive in extremely harsh conditions
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
Opportunities for rewarding work become fewer for both men and women as they grow older. After age 40, job hunting becomes even more difficult. Many workers stay at jobs they are too old for rather than face possible rejection. Our youth-oriented, throw-away culture sees little value in older people. In writer Lilian Hellman’s words, they have “the wisdom that comes with age that we can’t make use of. “
Unemployment and economic need for work is higher among older women, especially minorities, than among younger white women. A national council reports these findings: though unemployed longer when seeking work, older women job-hunt harder, hold a job longer with less absenteeism (缺勤), perform as well or better, are more reliable, and are more willing to learn than men or younger women. Yet many older women earn poor pay and face a future of poverty in their retirement years. When “sexism meets ageism, poverty is no longer on the doorstep it moves in,” according to Tish Sommers, director of a special study on older women for the National Organization for Women.
Yet a 1981 report on the White House Conference on Aging shows that as a group, older Americans are the “wealthiest, best fed, best housed, healthiest, most self-reliant older population in our history. “This statement is small comfort to those living below the poverty line, but it does explode some of the old traditional beliefs and fears. Opportunities for moving in and up in a large company may shrink but many older people begin successful small businesses, volunteer in satisfying activities, and stay active for many years. They have few role models because in previous generations the life span was much shorter and expectations of life were fewer. They are ploughing new ground.
Employers are beginning to recognize that the mature person can bring a great deal of stability and responsibility to a position. One doesn’t lose ability and experience on the eve of one’s 65th or 70th birthday any more than one grows up instantly at age 21.
26. After the age of 40, ________.
A) most workers are tired of their present jobs
B) many workers tend to stick their present jobs
C) people find their jobs more rewarding than before
D) people still wish to hunt for more suitable jobs
27. From Heilman’s remark, we can see that ________.
A) full use has been made of the wisdom of older people
B) the wisdom of older people is not valued by American society
C) older people are no less intelligent than young people
D) the wisdom of older people is of great value to American society
28. Tish Sommers argues that ________.
A) older women find it hard to escape poverty
B) older women usually perform better in their jobs
C) the major cause of the poverty of older women is sexism
D) more people have come to believe in sexism and ageism
29. According to the third paragraph, it can be seen that older Americans ________.
A) have more job opportunities than young people
B) live below the poverty line
C) have new opportunities to remain active in society
D) no longer believe in the promise of a happy life upon retirement
30. It can be concluded from the passage that the writer ________.
A) calls attention to the living conditions of older Americans
B) believes that value of older people is gaining increasing recognition
C) attempts to justify the youth-oriented, throw-away culture of the United States
D) argues people should not retire at the age of 65 or 70
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.
The most exciting kind of education is also the most personal. Nothing can exceed the joy of discovering for yourself something that is important to you! It may be an idea or a bit of information you come across accidentally—or a sudden insight, fitting together pieces of information or working through a problem. Such personal encounters are the “payoff” in education. A teacher may direct you to learning and even encourage you in it—but no teacher can make the excitement or the joy happen. That’s up to you.
A research paper, assigned in a course and perhaps checked at various stages by an instructor, leads you beyond classroom, beyond the texts for classes and into a process where the joy of discovery and learning can come to you many times. Preparing the research paper is an active and individual process, and ideal learning process. It provides a structure within which you can make exciting discoveries, of knowledge and of self, that are basic to education. But the research paper also gives you a chance to individualize a school assignment, to suit a piece of work to your own interests and abilities, to show others what you can do. Writing a research paper is more than just a classroom exercise. It is an experience in searching out, understanding and synthesizing, which forms the basis of many skills applicable to both academic and nonacademic tasks. It is, in the fullest sense, a discovering, an education. So, to produce a good research paper is both a useful and a thoroughly satisfying experience!
To some, the thought of having to write an assigned number of pages, often more than ever produced before, is disconcerting. To others, the very idea of having to work independently is threatening. But there is no need to approach the research paper assignment with anxiety, and nobody should view the research paper as an obstacle to overcome. Instead, consider it a goal to accomplish, a goal within reach if you use the help this book can give you.
31. According to the writer, personal discoveries ________.
A) will give one encouragement and direction
B) are helpful in finding the right information
C) are the most valuable part of one’s personal education
D) will help one to successfully complete school assignments
32. It can be inferred from the passage that writing a research paper gives one chances ________.
A) to fully develop one’s personal abilities
B) to use the skills learnt in the classroom
C) to prove that one is a productive writer
D) to demonstrate how well one can accomplish school assignment
33. From the context, the word “disconcerting” (Para. 3, Line 2) most probably means ________.
34. The writer argues in the passage that ________.
A) one should explore new areas in research
B) one should trust one’s own ability to meet course requirements
C) one should consider research paper writing a pleasure, not a burden
D) one should use all one’s knowledge and skills when doing research
35. What will probably follow this passage?
A) How to write a research paper.
B) The importance of research in education.
C) How to make new discoveries for oneself.
D) The skill of putting pieces of information together.
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.
In our culture, the sources of what we call a sense of “mastery”—feeling important and worth-while-and the sources of what we call a sense “pleasure”-finding life enjoyable-are not always identical. Women often are told “You can’t have it all.” Sometimes what the speaker really is saying is: “You chose a career, so you can’t expect to have closer relationships or a happy family life.” or “You have a wonderful husband and children—What’s all this about wanting a career?” But women need to understand and develop both aspects of well-being, if they are to feel good about themselves.
Our study shows that, for women, well-being has two dimensions. One is mastery, which includes self-esteem (自尊), a sense of control over your life, and low levels of anxiety and depression. Mastery is closely related to the “doing” side of life, to work and activity. Pleasure is the other dimensions, and it is composed of happiness, satisfaction and optimism (乐观). It is tied more closely to the “feeling” side of life. The two are independent of each other. A woman could be high in mastery and low in pleasure, and vice versa. For example, a woman who has a good job, but whose mother has just died, might be feeling very good about herself and in control of her work life, but the pleasure side could be damaged for a time.
The concepts of mastery and pleasure can help us identify the sources of well-being for women, and remedy past mistakes. In the past, women were encouraged to look only at the feeling side of life as the source of all well-being. But we know that both mastery and pleasure are critical. And mastery seems to be achieved largely through work. In our study, all the groups of employed women rated significantly higher in mastery than did women who were not employed.
A woman’s well-being is enhanced (增进) when she takes on multiple roles. At least by middle adulthood, the women who were involved in a combination of roles-marriages, motherhood, and employment were the highest in well-being, despite warnings about stress and strain.
36. It can be inferred from the first paragraph that ________.
A) for women, a sense of “mastery” is more important than a sense of “pleasure”
B) for women, a sense of “pleasure” is more important than a sense of “mastery”
C) women can’t have a sense of “mastery” and a sense of “pleasure” at the same time
D) a sense of “mastery” and a sense of “pleasure” are both indispensable to women
37. The author’s attitude towards women having a career is ________.
38. One can conclude from the passage that if a woman takes on several social roles, ________.
A) it will be easier for her to overcome stress and strain
B) she will be more successful in her career
C) her chances of getting promoted will be greater
D) her life will be richer and more meaningful
39. Which of the following can be identified as a source of “pleasure” for women?
A) Family life
B) Regular employment
C) Multiple roles in society
D) Freedom from anxiety
40. The most appropriate title for the passage would be ________.
A) The well-being of Career Women
B) Sources of Mastery and Pleasure
C) Two Aspects of Women’s Well-Being
D) Freedom Roles Women in Society
Part III Vocabulary and Structure (35 minutes)
41. He has ________ strange hobbies like collecting bottle tops and inventing secret codes.
A) gone on
B) gone in for
C) gone with
D) gone through with
42. Of all the soldiers they had the ________ of being the fiercest, the most patriotic, the toughest.
43. Why didn’t you tell me you could lend me the money? I ________ it from the bank.
A) haven’t needed to borrow
B) will not need to borrow
C) needn’t have borrowed
D) didn’t need to borrow
44. Advanced computer technology has ________ an answer to accurate weather forecasting.
A) set up
B) come up with
C) filled with
D) faced up to
45. I stared into the blackness and wondered if he was as aware of my presence as ________.
A) I was of his
B) I was of him
C) I did of him
D) I did of his
46. They are sure they have all the facts they need to ________ the existence of a black hole.
47. The new tourist hotel will have ________ for more than one thousand people.
48. Medical doctors sometimes can make mistakes that will cost ________.
A) patients their lives
B) patient lives
C) patients for their lives
D) patients with their lives
49. He had been completely exhausted but felt considerably ________ after a meal and a rest.
50. His intelligence and experience will enable him to ________ the complicated situation.
A) cope with
B) settle down
C) intervene in
D) interfere with
51. At last she left her house and got to the airport, only ________ the plane flying away.
A) having seen
B) to have seen
D) to see
52. He obviously displays a great ________ for some of your poems.
53. This law ________ the number of accidents caused by children running across the road when they get off the bus.
A) intending to reduce
B) intends reducing
C) intended reducing
D) is intended to reduce
54. The fire must have ________ after the staff had gone home.
A) broken down
B) broken up
C) broken out
D) broken off
55. Humidity is so intense in some parts of the tropics that Europeans find they are unable to ________ it.
56. The sight of a sick horse being driven along the streets of the village remained ________ him for weeks.
57. A series of border incidents would ________ lead the two countries to war.
58. They tried to restrict access to ________ they believed to be dangerous areas.
59. If each manager makes his usual speech, the meeting will be ________ for forty-five minutes.
60. It was only after some progress ________ in the use and development of electric current that men began to realize the importance and possibilities of magnetism.
A) was made
B) would have been made
C) has been made
D) had been made
61. The weatherman broadcasts the ________ in temperature twice a day.
62. I seem to have reached a rather gloomy conclusion, but I think that something cheerful may still be derived ________ it.
63. Animals can become unusually ________ when they are upset by a sudden environmental change.
64. In no circumstances can more work be got out of a machine than ________.
A) is put into it
B) to put it into it
C) to be put into it
D) that puts into it
65. The winning team loudly ________ its victory.
66. Last year, these ships transported a total of 83.34 million tons of cargo, a 4.4 per cent increase ________ the previous year.
67. With an eighty-hour week and little enjoyment, life must have been very ________ for the nineteenth-century factory workers.
68. The Second World War, ________ the earlier one of 1914, promoted public concern about the physical and intellectual well-being of the country’s human resources.
A) so as
B) as were
C) as did
D) same as
69. Louis was asked to ________ the man who stole her purse.
70. The bus that ________ outside the inn would soon take the visitors downtown.
A) held back
B) pulled up
C) got down
D) set forth
Part IV Error Correction (15 minutes)
Directions: This part consists of a short passage. In this passage, there are altogether 10 mistakes, one in each numbered line. You may have to change a word, add a word or delete a word. Mark out the mistakes and put the corrections in the blanks provided. If you change a word, cross it out and write the correct word in the corresponding blank. If you add a word, put an insertion mark (∧) in the right place and write the missing word in the blank. If you delete a word, cross it and put a slash (/) in the blank.
Television is rapidly becoming the literature of our periods╱. 1. time/times/period
Many of the arguments having╱ used for the study of literature as2. _______\_____
a school subject are valid for ∧ study of television. 3. ______the____
When we consider the comfortable circumstances of a working family today, the life of the working man in 1882 seems miserable indeed. But earlier it had been even hard. At the beginning of the (71) nineteenth century working hours were from sunrise to sunset, pay was awful, and working conditions being poor and dangerous. (72)
The working man had little schooling beyond his craft, and there was little hope that their children would have (73) nothing better. There were no public schools, and besides, the few (74) pennies which the children could earn needed to help support the (75) family, if he was present because of sickness, there was often no (76) job from him when he returned. Since there were always plenty of (77) other workers to take his job, he was likely to be hired if he asked (78) for more pay.
Viewed against today’s standards, the attitude of the nineteenth-century factory owners seems incredible. They believed that was good business to hire men, women and children as cheaply (79) as possible, make them to work as they could and, when (80) they became inefficient, worn out, or unable to work for any reason, discharge them.
Part V Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic We Need to Broaden Our Knowledge. You should write no less than 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
Remember to write your composition coherently and neatly.
1. M: Please hold the line, Mrs. Smith. The doctor will talk to you in a minute.
W: I’m afraid I may have to hang up. I don’t have any more coins and the line will be cut soon.
Q: Where is Mrs. Smith most probably?
2. M: Excuse me, but could you show me the way to the train station?
W: Certainly. Go straight until you reach the traffic light, then turn left and you will see a square. The station is on the east side of it.
Q: Where is the train station located?
3. M: You’re going to make a trip to San Francisco, aren’t you?
W: Yes. But I haven’t got the plane ticket yet. I’m thinking of postponing the trip to next month since this is the busiest month for the airlines.
Q: What do we know about the woman from this conversation?
4. M: I hear you are moving to an apartment. Can you tell me why?
W: Actually, I didn’t want to move. It would be more expensive to live outside the college. But I just can’t bear the noise made by the people living next door.
Q: Why does the woman want to move?
5. M: You can get a lot of practice in giving up tickets and handling hotel reservations. Later on, you can take telephone calls.
W: That’s great! Thanks, Mr. Thomson. I’ll come to work tomorrow.
Q: Where will the woman probably be working?
6. M: Please make 20 copies of this and deliver them to the chief executive and heads of departments.
W: Certainly, sir. They will find it on their desks tomorrow morning.
Q: What is the probable relationship between the two speakers?
7. W: Did you go shopping this afternoon?
M: Yes, but all I got was a sore foot.
Q: What does the man mean?
8. W: This school is lucky to have a teacher as good as Prof. Helen Johnson.
M: She is one in a million.
Q: What does the man mean?
9. M: I heard your daughter sing at the school concert last night. She has a lovely voice, I must say.
W: Thank you, but I don’t know where she gets it.
Q: What does the woman probably mean?
10. W: Why are you so tired and upset?
M: I’ve been taking the history course this term. But the trouble is that I’ll never get through the reading list.
Q: Why is the man worried?
The time is 7 o’clock, and this is Amely Brown with the news: The German authorities are sending investigators to discover the cause of the plane crash late yesterday on the Island of Tenariff. The plane, a Boeing 727 taking German holiday makers to the island crashed into a hill side as it circled for preparing to land. The plane was carrying 180 passengers. It is thought there are no survivors. Rescue workers are at the scene.
The 500 U.K. motors workers who had bent on strike in High Town for the past 3 weeks went back to work this morning. This follows successful talks between management and union representatives, which resulted in a new agreement on working hours. A spokesman for the management said that they hoped they could now get back to producing cars and they lost a lot of money and orders over this dispute.
And finally, the weather: After a cold starts, most of the country shall be warm and sunny. But towards late afternoon, rain will spread from Scotland to cover most parts by midnight.
Questions 11 to 14 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. When was the news broadcast?
12. What is the first news item about?
13. Why did the workers go on strike?
14. What do you think of the weather that day?
When I arrived in American three years ago, I was surprised by the tremendous amount of advertising. But now I’ve come to realize that it is a creative and necessary part of an industrial society. I, too, want to improve my life style and to buy better products. I look to advertising to show me how to do it. Deciding what to believe in an advertising, however, isn’t easy. It seems to me that a person must purchase things with a lot of care. As a consumer, I want to get the best for my money. So I really have to understand the techniques of advertising. Otherwise, manufactures may be able to sell anything, whatever its quality may be. The creative aspects of advertisement, for instance, often cover up the defects or problems in products. I have learned this well, since I have made purchases and lost money because the items were of poor quality. The future advertising most likely will involve more public participation. In the future, if consumers really care about the quality of something as well as the quantity, maybe advertisers will begin to care more about what they are trying to sell.
Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.
15. What do we learn about the speaker?
16. What’s the speaker’s impression of the advertisement in America when he first arrived there?
17. What does the speaker think future advertisers should do?
After years of study, I have determined there are only two types of people in this world: those who get to the airport early and those who walk in just as the plane is about to take off. If there were any justice in the world, the early airport people would be rewarded for doing the right thing and the late airport people would be punished. But there is no justice. I know I have been an early airport person for years. My luggage will get on the plane first but it will be the last luggage to come off the plane when we land. You know who really gets his luggage first when we land? The late airport person, who rushes into the airport three minutes before the plane takes off. “But if I get there real early,” I told myself, “I will get the best seat.” Well, no matter how early I showed up, I was always told that someone had called two or three days ahead of me and asked for that seat. The utmost embarrassment of the early airport person happened to me a few years age when I was flying from New York to Chicago. When I got to the ticket counter, the person there said, “Sir, you have a seat on the 9:15 a.m. flight, is that right?” “Yes,” I said. “Well, it’s only 7:00 a.m. and the 7:05 a.m. flight has not left yet. If you hurry you can make it.” I was too embarrassed to say that I arrived early so I wouldn’t have to hurry. Instead, I ran down the corridor to the plane.
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
18. What does the speaker say about the early airport person?
19. What usually happens to the late airport person?
20. What made the speaker feel embarrassed?