谓语动词构成：I/we/you/they had worked; he/she/it had worked
We had learned 5000 words by the end of last month.
I had finished the composition before supper. 晚饭前我就已经把作文写完了.
When I woke up it had already stopped raining. 我醒来的时候雨就已经停了.
I hadn't learned any English before I came here. 我来这儿之前没学过英语.
I wondered who had taken the umbrella without permission.
He told me that he had passed the exam. 他告诉我他已通过考试.
I had intended to come over to see you last night, but someone called and I couldn't get away. 昨晚我本打算来看你，但有人来找，脱不开身.
We had hoped to catch the early bus, but found it was gone.
If you had come yesterday, you would have met him.
She would have come if she hadn’t been so busy.
1 When Li Ming hurried home, he found that his mother ____already____to hospital.
A has; been sent B had; sent C has; sent D had; been sent
2 We ____five English songs by the end of last term.
A had learned B learned C have learned D will have learned
3 Han Mei told me she _____lunch, so she was very hungry.
A has had B hasn't have C have had D hadn't had
4 By the end of 1976, many buildings _____built in the city.
A have been B have C had been D will
5 She _____her keys in the office so she had to wait until her husband ____home.
A has left; comes B had left; would come C had left; came D left; had come
6 He said that it was at least ten years since I _____a good drink.
A had enjoyed B was enjoying C have enjoyed D have been enjoying
7 The meeting _____when Mr. Wang _____to school.
A has begun; get B has been on; get C had begun; got D had been on; got
1 When I returned home, he _____ (leave).
2 By ten yesterday evening, she ________(finish)writing.
3 He ______ (study) English for five years before he came here.
4 It ____ _____ (stop) raining when I wake up this morning.
5 I _____ (not read) the book because I had read it before.
6 She said she____ (be) born in 1992.
7 When he _____(come) to China two years ago he found people didn't understand him at all though he ________(learn) some Chinese in his own country.
8 I saw Han Mei yesterday. We _____(not see) each other since left Beijing.
9 When I got to his home, he_____(go) to bed.
10 She asked if Mr. Liu _____ already _____(come) back.
单选答案：１D 2 A 3 D 4 C 5 C 6 A 7 C
填空答案：1 had left 2 had finished 3 had studied 4 had stopped 5 didn't read
6 was 7 came had learned 8 hadn't seen 9 had gone 10 had come
I have cleaned the classroom .（强调扫地所产生的结果：地干净了！）
We have lived here for ten years.（“住”从过去持续到现在的动作用现在完成时）
We have lived here since we came here.（“住”是从过去持续到现在的动作用现在完成时）
Mr Green had lived in New York for ten years before he came to China.("来”中国已过去，而先前“住”在纽约更过去！）（另外注意：“住”在纽约可没有持续到现在哟！）
We had learned 1000 words by the end of last term.
He visited Guilin in 1998.他1998年参观过桂林。(只说明去桂林的时间)
Jill has bought a new computer.吉尔买了一台新电脑。（着重点是现在有了一台新电脑）
（1）一般过去时的谓语动词用过去式，而现在完成时的谓语基本构成是“助动词have /has +过去分词”。如：
（2）一般过去时通常与表示过去的时间状语连用。如：yesterday, last week, two years ago, just now, in 2002等；而现在完成时则常与just, already, ever, never等副词和these days, this week, since..., for...等表示一段时间的状语连用。
① Have you seen the film?（A）
Did you see the film?（B）
② How has he done it?(A)
How did he do it?(B)
③ He has lived in Beijing for 8 years.（A）
He lived in Beijing for 8 years.（B）