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日期:2010-01-30 15:54



In our jobs, we may have occasions to communicate with people in other countries or from other cultures.Whether we are buying, selling, consulting, or simply trying to obtain informatoin, we will need to get across ideas to an audience we are not used to dealing with. Just as we need to understand the characteristics of our audience when we communicate with others from our own country, we need to understand something about the culture, business customs, and communication styles of foreign audiences.
  在我们的工作中,我们可能有机会同来自其他文化国度的外国人打交道. 无论是做买卖、协商,还是仅仅获得信息,我们都需要使那些我们从未与之打过交道的人弄明白我们的意思。正如当我们同本国同胞打交道时需要懂得他们的特点一样,我们也需要了解外国交往对象的文化背景、商业习俗以及交谈风格。
  Here, then, are some tips to assist you in your intercultural communications.
  1. Be Clear And Simple.简明清楚。
  Whether communicating orally or in writting, avoid long, complex sentences, highly technical language, jargon, and colloquialisms. Don’t be condescending, but do use simpler words when they are available.
  2. Don’t Assume That Someone You Hear Speaking English Will Understand You.不要以为讲英语的人都能听懂你的话。
  If you talk too fast, slur your words or have an accent, ever a foreigner who seems to speak perfect English will have a hard time following you. An added problem is that many English-speaking foreigners are too polite to let you know they haven’t understood.
  3. Learn The business Customs And Terminology Of Those You Will Be Communicating With.了解你交往对象的商业习俗和术语。
  For exaple, we use the metric system of measurement, the US uses a different system of measurement. And many coutries use the day/month/year/ system for dating as opposed to the US system of month/day/year. A meeting arranged in one of these countries on 7.5.89 is scheduled for May, not July.
  4.Use Written Messsages Whenever Possible. 尽可能用书面形式交往。
  You read English more easily than you understand spoken English. If you communicate by phone, follow up with a confirmation in writting to guard against miscommunication.
  5.Don’t Be In A Hurry To Get To The Point.不要匆忙作出判断。
  Europeans, Africans, and Arabs in particular, are put off by the straight-to-the -point style of North American business communication. They prefer a more round-about approach
  6. Don’t Ask Questions That Require A Yes Or No Answer. 不要提那些答案是“是”或“不是”的问题。
  Whereas North Americans tend to say yes when they mean yes and no when they mean no, that’s simple not the case in most other cultures. In Asian countries, for example, it is considered impolite to sa考试大-全国最大教育类网站(www.Examda。com)y no, so Asians may answer affirmatively if only to mean "yes, I heard you." Europeans, on the other hand, may initially react negtively to any question, but they actually mean "maybe" or "it depends." In many countries, the answer you get is what the person thinks you want to hear.
  北美洲人心里想说“是”就说“是”,心里想说“不是”就说“不是”,而在其他许多国家,情况就根本不是这样。例如:在亚洲国家,说“不”被认为是不礼貌的,因此亚洲人的肯定回答可能只是说“是的,我听到你说的了。”另一方面,欧洲人对任何问题开始都可能作出否定的反应,但是,实际上他们的意思是 “可能(或许)”或“看情况再说(视情况再定)”。在许多国家,你所得下马看花回答是同你交往的人认为你想听到的话。
  7. Earn About The Country’s Body Language.懂来源:考试大得外国的身体动作语言。
  Gestures have various meanings in different places. In Yugoslavia turning the head from side to side means yes; in Japan, looking someone in the eye is considered judgmental or hostile; and in Ghana, thumbs up is a rude gestures. To avoid giving offense, keep your hands quiet.
  8. control Your Style Of Expression.表达来源:考试大的美女编辑们方式要克制。
  The North American style of expressing emotions is considered impulsive and wild by Asians but restrained and cold by Latin Americans. You need to be aware of how your habits of emotional expression will affect peoplei n a particular culture.
  9. Don’t Interrupt Periods Of www.Examda.CoM考试就到考试大Silence.不要在沉默时插话。
  Many foreigners are offended by the North American penchant for jumping in to fill any gaps in a conversation. Speakers in many cultures enjoy periods of silence and use them to gather their thoughts. Be patient. Allow the person to formulate what he or she wants to say, and try not to be "helpful" by putting words into the other person’s mouth.

  • reactvt. 作出反应 vi. 起反应,起作用,反攻
  • avoidvt. 避免,逃避
  • obtainvt. 获得,得到 vi. 通用,流行,存在
  • assumevt. 假定,设想,承担; (想当然的)认为
  • measurementn. 测量,衡量,尺寸,大小
  • offensen. 过错,冒犯,触怒,犯规,犯罪,进攻
  • gatherv. 聚集,聚拢,集合 n. 集合,聚集
  • restrainedadj. 克制的,受限制的;拘谨的 v. 抑制;约束(r
  • controln. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置 vt. 控制,掌管,支
  • formulatevt. 用公式表示,系统地阐述