More than 200 demonstrations were expected to be held across France on Thursday as the country witnessed mass walkouts in protest against President Macron's highly contentious plans to reform the pension system, which could result in many employees having to work for longer than they had expected before retirement. Under the proposals, starting in September this year, the current retirement age of 62 — one of the lowest in the European Union — would be raised by three months a year, with the aim of reaching the new target of 64 in 2030.
1.demonstration n. 游行示威（demonstrate v. 阐释，证明；游行示威）
2.reform the pension system 改革养老金制度（pension n. 养老金）
3.retirement age 退休年龄
The proposals had previously prompted mass demonstrations in Dec 2019, with the interior ministry saying that more than 800,000 people took part in rallies in more than 100 cities, adding to existing political tensions fueled by the gilet jaunes yellow jacket protest movement, before the issue was put to one side in the early days of the pandemic.
4.mass demonstrations 大规模示威活动
5.political tensions 政治紧张局势
6.yellow jacket protest movement “黄背心”抗议运动