REPORT ON THE WORK OF THE STANDING COMMITTEE OF THE NATIONAL PEOPLE'S CONGRESS
Delivered at the Fourth Session of the 13th National People's Congress on March 8, 2021
Li Zhanshu Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
On behalf of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress (NPC), I now present this report on its work for your deliberation.
Let me begin with a review of our major initiatives since the Third Session of the 13th National People's Congress.
The year 2020 was an extraordinary year in the history of the People's Republic of China. The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core responded confidently to risks and challenges of a kind the world has rarely seen and coordinated efforts to advance the five-sphere integrated plan and the four-pronged comprehensive strategy. Through our endeavors to foster opportunities amid crises and open up new vistas in a shifting landscape, we have achieved major strategic successes in our response to Covid-19, secured historic achievements in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, and attained a complete victory in the battle against poverty. By enabling the Chinese nation to make another giant stride toward rejuvenation, the Central Committee has delivered impressive results that our people are happy with which will go down in history. This new and substantial progress that has been made in the cause of the Party and the country will certainly spur us forward with greater confidence and resolve on our journey to build a modern socialist country in all respects.
Confronted with a complicated international landscape and the challenging tasks of pursuing reform and development and ensuring stability at home, the NPC Standing Committee, under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, continued to follow the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, thoroughly implemented Xi Jinping's thinking on the rule of law, and fulfilled its duties and responsibilities. The Standing Committee took active steps to provide legal support for advancing major work plans, addressing major risks and challenges, and protecting national security, and effectively played its role as an organ of state power.
Over the course of the 10 months since the Third Session of the 13th NPC, the Standing Committee has earnestly exercised its powers of enacting laws, conducting oversight, making decisions, and appointing and removing officials. In total, we have formulated 9 laws, revised 13 existing laws, made 8 decisions on legal issues and major issues, and are currently deliberating 23 draft laws. We heard and deliberated 35 reports, inspected the implementation of 1 decision and 6 laws, conducted 2 special inquiries and 6 research projects, and passed 1 resolution. We decided to ratify or enter into 7 treaties with foreign countries. We reviewed and passed 39 bills covering a total of 259 appointments or removals of state department employees.
The most prominent feature of the Standing Committee's work is our focus on the major CPC Central Committee decisions and plans, on the people's expectations for the rule of law in their pursuit of a better life, and on the legal requisites for modernizing China's system and capacity for governance, in an effort to strengthen legislation and legal oversight to ensure that all aspects of our work concentrate more on the central task of economic development and overall national interests and better serve our country and people.
For example, we strengthened the legal framework for wildlife protection. We issued a prompt decision to completely ban the illegal trade and consumption of wild animals, and followed it with inspections on the implementation of this decision and the Wildlife Protection Law, before making revisions to the Wildlife Protection Law. We worked to establish stronger legal safeguards for public health. We developed a work plan for enacting new laws and revising existing ones in a timely manner, and formed task forces to advance the enactment or revision of 30 pieces of legislation in batches. We took resolute steps to maintain order as defined in China's Constitution in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR). Responding to the needs for legislation which have arisen from the developments in the Hong Kong situation, we were swift to enact the Law on Safeguarding National Security in the HKSAR. We heard and deliberated the State Council's report on revising and improving the electoral system of Hong Kong along with relevant suggestions, and formulated a draft decision on improving Hong Kong's electoral system which has been submitted to this session for your deliberation. In our efforts to contribute to the battle against poverty, we sped up legislation related to agriculture, rural areas, and rural residents, and both heard and deliberated reports and carried out research projects on poverty reduction. We were unrelenting in our efforts to step up the battle against pollution. For the last three years, we have carried out inspections to enforce the most important pollution control laws, namely the Law on the Prevention and Control of Air Pollution, the Law on the Prevention and Control of Water Pollution, and the Law on the Prevention and Control of Soil Pollution. We conducted follow-up compliance inspections of the Law on the Prevention and Control of Soil Pollution only a year and a half after it came into force, thus effectively boosting the control of soil pollution. We used the force of law to push for an improved business environment. We inspected compliance with the Law against Unfair Competition, and put on record and reviewed normative documents for creating a better business environment. We will revise the Anti-Monopoly Law this year. To provide legal support for a new round of higher-standard opening up to the outside world, we deliberated the draft of a Hainan free trade port law, enacted the Export Control Law in a timely fashion, and revised the Patent Law. We worked hard to address social governance issues of public concern by formulating the Community Correction Law, passing Amendment XI to the Criminal Law, and revising the Law on the Protection of Minors and the Law on Preventing Juvenile Delinquency as well as other laws. Through these efforts, we have met the latest requirements set by the CPC Central Committee for the NPC, responded to the new expectations of the people, and provided legal support and safeguards for comprehensively advancing the rule of law in the new era.