Great achievements of General Secretary Xi Jinping's thought on diplomacy
Since the 18th National Party Congress, guided by General Secretary Xi Jinping's thought on diplomacy, China has forged ahead on the diplomatic front. By maintaining a favorable external environment for its development and by gaining greater standing and influence in the ever-changing world, China has blazed its own path to strength and prosperity, a path that has distinctive Chinese features and differs from the one followed by traditional powers in history. This has opened a new chapter in China's diplomacy.
1. Making China's efforts for forging a new type of international relations
We have been working to establish a framework for sound and stable relations with other major countries. General Secretary Xi Jinping met then President Barack Obama many times to bring about important outcomes in building a new model of major-country relations between China and the United States. Now with a new US administration in office, General Secretary Xi Jinping has had successful meetings with President Donald Trump at Mar-a-Lago and in Hamburg to set out the direction and principles for growing China-US ties in the new era, achieving a stable transition of the bilateral relations. China and Russia have maintained close high-level exchanges, deepened strategic mutual trust and made breakthroughs in practical cooperation, maintaining the strong momentum of the China-Russia comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination. China and the EU have committed themselves to building partnerships for peace, growth, reform and progress of civilizations. Cooperation between China and other BRICS countries andmajor developing countries has scaled new heights.
We opened up new vistas for enhancing friendship and cooperation with our neighbors. The CPC Central Committee held a meeting to make top-level design and all-round planning for neighborhood diplomacy, the first of its kind in the history of New China. In a spirit of amity, sincerity, mutual benefit and inclusiveness, China has proposed a "2+7" framework for its cooperation with ASEAN, established a Lancang-Mekong cooperation mechanism and steered its relations with ASEAN toward greater maturity. China has established strategic partnerships with all Central Asian countries and has notably increased its cooperation with South Asian countries.
We upgraded our cooperation with other developing countries. General Secretary Xi Jinping has outlined the principles of sincerity, real results, affinity and good faith in growing relations with Africa and proposed ten plans to boost cooperation with Africa, taking China-Africa cooperation to a new level. With the establishment of a strategic cooperative relationship with Arab states, a strategic partnership with Pacific island countries having diplomatic relations with China, and a five-dimensional relationship with Latin American and Caribbean countries underpinned by the China-CELAC Forum, we have put in place cooperation mechanisms covering all other developing countries.
2. Playing China's role in advancing the reform of the global governance system
With the personal commitment and guidance of General Secretary Xi Jinping, China has performed a "trilogy" with great success in the course of its participation in global governance. The three milestones are: China's hosting of the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting 2014 in Beijing and the G20 Hangzhou Summit in 2016, and General Secretary Xi Jinping attending the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting and visiting the United Nations Office at Geneva early this year. China has thus played a leading role in the Asia-Pacific cooperation, the G20's transformation and the course of economic globalization, injecting strong and positive energy into a world beset by uncertainties and anxiety. China has promoted the establishment of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, the Silk Road Fund and the BRICS New Development Bank, and has taken an active part in the formulation of rules governing such emerging areas as marine and polar affairs, cyberspace, nuclear security and climate change. These efforts have given China a bigger voice and greater influence in the international arena.
3. Contributing China's part to development for all
Thanks to the concerted efforts of all participants, the Belt and Road Initiative which was put forward four years ago has evolved into an open and inclusive platform for international cooperation and a warmly-received global public good. More than 100 countries and international organizations have actively supported and taken part in the initiative, and a great number of flagship projects have been launched. Substantial complementarity has been identified between the development strategy of China and those of many other countries. Between 2014 and 2016, total trade between China and other Belt and Road countries exceeded US$3 trillion, and Chinese investment in these countries surpassed US$50 billion. In May this year, China successfully hosted the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, which was attended by over 1,600 delegates representing more than 140 countries and 80 international organizations. The 270-plus deliverables under 76 categories in five key areas have created a strong momentum ofbroad participation in the Belt and Road Initiative by the international community. The initiative has been widely commended for lending impetus to global growth and boosting confidence in economic globalization. This illustrates how a Chinese initiative, with the support from across the world, can deliver benefits to all.
4. Putting forward Chinese proposals on tackling regional and international hotspots and global issues
China's successful hosting of the events marking the 70th anniversary of the victory of the Chinese People's War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression and the World Anti-Fascist War has sent a strong message of upholding the victorious outcomes of the Second World War and safeguarding world peace. Committed to a political settlement of regional and international hotspot issues, China is playing a constructive role in bridging differences and promoting dialogues for peace. Dedicated to achieving denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, China has put forward a dual-track approach and a suspension-for-suspension proposal to advance the negotiated settlement of the Peninsula nuclear issue through dialogue. These efforts by China have made important contribution to easing tensions on the Peninsula, reviving engagement and dialogue, and maintaining peace and stability in the region. We have taken an active part in seeking solution to issues as diverse as Afghanistan, the Iranian nuclear issue, Syria and South Sudan and worked with other countries to tackle global challenges such as terrorism, climate change, cyber security and refugees. By so doing, China has demonstrated its sense of responsibility as a major country.
5. Showing Chinese resolve in defending its interests and the common interests of all countries
General Secretary Xi Jinping points out that the Chinese people are not to be bullied, nor will we give in to coercion. No country should expect China to trade its core interests away or tolerate any infringement on its sovereignty, security and development interests. Under the leadership of the CPC Central Committee, we have drawn a clear red line on issues concerning national sovereignty, security and other core interests, and have taken firm actions to defend our rights and interests on the basis of respecting historical facts and international law. With regard to the Diaoyu Islands, we have held our ground and fully demonstrated the will and resolve of the Chinese government and people to defend our territorial sovereignty. We have presented our case with sound reasoning and solid evidence against the so-called arbitration case on the South China Sea that undermines China's territorial sovereignty and maritime rights and interests and adhered to the approach of settling disputes through dialogue and negotiation between parties directly concerned, which has helped to promote general stability in the South China Sea. In an effort to safeguard national security and unity, we have unequivocally upheld the one-China principle, opposed attempts to create "two Chinas" or "one China, one Taiwan", and fended off foreign interference in the affairs of Hong Kong and Macao. We vigorously conducted Tibet- and Xinjiang-related diplomacy and enhanced international cooperation against terrorism, separatism and extremism. Our cooperation with the international community to repatriate corrupt fugitives and recover proceeds has yielded important results.
Following the fine Chinese tradition of helping others to succeed while seeking our own success, we were the first to help the Ebola-infected African countries and their neighbors. Our offers of help also included the establishment of a one-billion-dollar China-UN Peace and Development Fund, a 20-billion-yuan South-South Climate Cooperation Fund, and an Assistance Fund for South-South Cooperation. We joined the UN peacekeeping standby mechanism and formed a peacekeeping police unit and an 8,000-strong standby force for peacekeeping. We advocated the formulation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and became the first country to release its national plan on implementation. All these are global public goods provided by China to advance world peace and development.
With our future course clearly charted, we will set all out to attain even greater success. All our comrades in the foreign service must study and implement General Secretary Xi Jinping's thought on diplomacy in real earnest to greet the successful convocation of the 19th Party Congress with outstanding achievements and open up new prospects for the conduct of major-country diplomacy with distinctive Chinese features. Let us work together to make new and greater contribution to realizing the Chinese dream of national renewal and achieving lasting peace and common development of the world.