Russia Today News Agency: Against the background of Western sanctions on Russia and the sharp depreciation of the ruble, how will China carry out cooperation with Russia, especially in the energy and financial sectors? And what will China and Russia do to further strengthen their coordination and cooperation in international affairs?
Wang Yi: The China-Russia relationship is not dictated by international vicissitudes and does not target any third party. Thanks to the strong strategic trust the two sides have established, our relationship has become more mature and stable. As comprehensive strategic partners of coordination, China and Russia have a good tradition of supporting each other. And the friendship between our two peoples provides a strong foundation for strengthening strategic cooperation between the two sides.
Practical cooperation between China and Russia is based on mutual need, seeks win-win results, and has enormous internal impetus and room for expansion. This year, our practical cooperation is expected to deliver a series of new results. For example, we will work hard to lift two-way trade to US$100 billion. We will sign an agreement to work on the Silk Road Economic Belt and begin relevant cooperation. We will start full construction of the eastern route of the natural gas pipeline and sign an agreement on the western route of the pipeline. We will accelerate the joint development and research of long-distance, wide-body passenger jets. We will start strategic cooperation on the development of Russia’s Far Eastern region. And we will strengthen our cooperation on high-speed railways. At the same time, we will continue to intensify our cooperation in the financial, oil and gas, and nuclear-power sectors.
China and Russia are both permanent members of the UN Security Council. We will continue to carry out strategic coordination and cooperation to maintain international peace and security. This year, both countries will hold a series of activities to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the end of the world’s anti-Fascist war. We will support each other and jointly uphold international peace and the outcome of the Second World War.
Xinhua News Agency: This year marks the 70th anniversary of the founding of the United Nations. It is an important historical moment for the international community to reflect on the past and look to the future. Some people say that China wants to challenge and even overturn the current international order, and replace it with a new one dominated by China itself. What is your comment?
Wang Yi: I want to make it very clear that China has always been a constructive force in building the international order. If we can compare the international order and system built around the United Nations to a big boat, then 70 years ago China was intimately involved in designing and building that boat, and China was the first country to put its signature on the Charter of the United Nations. Today we are in this boat together with more than 190 other countries. So of course, we don’t want to upset that boat. Rather, we want to work with the other passengers to ensure that this boat will sail forward steadily and in the right direction.
Seventy years have passed. The international situation and landscape has changed dramatically. Naturally, the international order needs to be updated. China supports the reform of the international order and system. Such reform is not about overturning the current system or starting all over again; rather, it is about seeking new ideas to improve it. The general direction is to promote democracy in international relations and the rule of law in global governance. In particular, it is very important to safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of developing countries, which are in the majority, so that we can make the world a more equal, harmonious and safe place.
NBC: Last month, State Councilor Yang Jiechi and National Security Advisor Susan Rice declared that both sides have agreed to strengthen coordination on regional and global challenges. With President Xi Jinping visiting the United States later this year, in your view, how can this strengthened coordination for the new type of great-power relationship help resolve the US-China disputes over, for example, cyber-security or the maritime conflicts in the Asia-Pacific region?
Wang Yi: President Xi Jinping will pay a state visit to the United States this fall at the invitation of his US counterpart. We expect that following their Yingtai meeting last year, the two presidents will have another productive discussion and inject new momentum into our efforts to build a new model of major-country relations between China and the United States.
The undertaking to build a new model of relations is a pioneering effort. It will not be smooth sailing. But it is a logical development, because it accords with the common interests of both sides and the trend of our times. There is a Chinese saying, “Sincerity can work wonders.” As long as the two sides show sincerity, buttress the bottom line of “no conflict and no confrontation”, cement the foundation of “mutual respect”, then we can explore the immense possibility of “win-win cooperation” between China and the United States.
China and the United States are two large countries. It’s impossible for there not to be any disagreements between us, and these disagreements will not disappear the moment we commit to build a new model of major-country relations. But we shouldn’t magnify the problems through a microscope. Rather, we should use the telescope to look ahead to the future and make sure we will move forward in the right direction.
At the Beijing APEC meeting, President Xi Jinping called for shaping the future through Asia-Pacific partnership. Many countries responded enthusiastically to his initiative. China and the United States interact most frequently in the Asia-Pacific and our interests intersect the most in this region. In our view, the building of a new model of major-country relations should begin with the Asia-Pacific region. If both sides can work to establish and deepen strategic trust and have positive interactions, then we can surely jointly contribute to peace, stability and prosperity in the region.
As for the issue of cyber-security, since both China and the United States are major users of the Internet, we have common interests in upholding it. We hope cyberspace will become a new frontier of our cooperation rather than a new source of friction.
China Daily: In recent months, major terrorist attacks have frequently hit many parts of the world, from Sydney to Paris, from western Asia to western Africa. What is China’s position on fighting terrorism and carrying out international counter-terrorism cooperation?
Wang Yi: Terrorism is a common scourge to mankind, and fighting it is a common responsibility of every country. China has always been an active participant in international counter-terrorism cooperation. At the same time, we believe that to uproot terrorism, we must remove its breeding ground. To deny any haven to the specter of terrorism, we have to promote economic and social development, appropriately handle regional conflicts, and advocate equal-footed dialogue between different civilizations, religions and ethnic groups.
China has also suffered at the hands of terrorism. The “Eastern Turkestan Islamic Movement” is a clear and present threat to our security. We would like to work with other countries in the spirit of mutual respect and equal-footed cooperation to jointly address the new threats and new challenges brought by terrorism.
Yonhap News Agency: The top leader of the DPRK has decided to attend the activities to be held in Russia in May to mark the victory of the Great Patriotic War, but he has not yet made a visit to China. Will the leaders of the DPRK and China have a meeting this year? And is it possible that the Six-Party Talks can still be resumed?
Wang Yi: China and the DPRK are friendly neighbors. Chinese people emphasize good faith and value friendship. We cherish our traditional friendship with the DPRK and we seek the normal development of our relations. The China-DPRK relationship has a strong foundation. It should not and will not be affected by temporary events. As to when our leaders will meet, it will have to suit the schedule of both sides.
The situation on the Korean Peninsula is basically stable, and China has played a constructive role in bringing that about. It is in the common interests of all relevant parties to maintain peace and stability on the Peninsula and achieve the denuclearization of the Peninsula. At the moment, the situation there has entered a delicate period. We call on the relevant countries to exercise calm and restraint, and say and do things that will have a positive effect, so as to continue to foster the atmosphere and conditions for resuming the Six-Party Talks.