美国未成年人受雇在美墨边境转运移民
日期:2022-04-17 11:37

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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The United States Customs and Border Protection say American teenagers are increasingly recruited to transport migrants illegally across the country's Southwest border.

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美国海关及边境保卫局表示,越来越多的美国青少年被招募去非法运送穿越美国西南部边境的移民cP2#UC|MxzYc_hp1|xG

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Border control officials say in the Sunland Park-Saint Teresa area of New Mexico last year, about one in four drivers stopped for transporting migrants were children.

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边境管制警察表示,去年在新墨西哥州的桑兰德公园—圣特雷萨地区,大约四分之一因运送移民而被拦下的司机是儿童bI]Yj@H-Gy~S5!CYj

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Most were American citizens.

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大多数是美国公民qR(6#~m9~iGn-S

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Mexican youth have long guided migrants into the United States.

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长期以来,墨西哥青年一直在引导移民进入美国&w6O+1ar~@vIka!TBzH

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Government officials, law experts, and local people told Reuters that recruiters trick the children.

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政府官员、法律专家和当地人告诉路透社,招聘人员欺骗了这些孩子io#q62*s=Fe@]kw

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They said the recruiters tell minors that they will not face legal action because they are children.

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他们说,招聘人员告诉未成年人,因为他们是儿童,所以他们不会面临法律诉讼kGd1oIIJTqiaZ~R,5Ap

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U.S. children as young as 14 learn about the possible employment from social media and friends.

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在美国,年仅14岁的儿童就可以从社交媒体和朋友那里了解到可能的就业机会CcCyRRgJ]Mu

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They transport mainly Mexican adults.

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他们主要运送墨西哥成年人9Hcx7V;Z3g[

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The young drivers can earn hundreds of dollars per migrant, and local people jokingly call them "Ubers," after the transportation company.

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这些年轻的司机每运送一个移民就可以赚数百美元,当地人戏称他们为“优步”,得名于这家运输公司|I~2,6bBiN)[l6zcS%

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Some young people in Sunland Park see it as a way to get ahead.

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桑兰德公园的一些年轻人认为这是一种出人头地的方式!rBeyccefs5;o

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The area struggles with a poverty rate three times higher than the national average.

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该地区的贫困率是全国平均水平的三倍XqL#B326]]q;rDQb

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The transport can be dangerous.

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运输可能会很危险xDjM]wY6L7aIvXmVo7

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Federal officials in New Mexico seem ready to enforce the law on the young drivers.

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新墨西哥州的联邦警察似乎准备好对这些年轻司机实施法律措施q8hi.Igr2&D

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Border Patrol officers say child drivers often flee at high speeds when officers try to stop them.

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边境巡逻警察表示,当警察试图拦截儿童司机时,他们经常会高速逃跑j|4^(zK+2Q5K3!*X6+

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That can lead to chases by Border Patrol and crashes.

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这可能会使边境巡逻队追赶他们和导致撞车w18P1Q^sRS^B_!FYP-o

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Gerardo Galvan is the officer in charge of the Sunland Park area.

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杰拉尔多·加尔文是负责桑兰德公园地区的警察|=NG;utUAnK&nSBo

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He noticed the rise in young drivers in 2021 after a 14-year-old fled officers and crashed into a Border patrol vehicle.

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他注意到,在一名14岁的年轻人逃离警察并撞上边境巡逻车后,2021年,年轻司机的数量有所上升nQ|=Bx(j_M(*[

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"They're told that if they go fast enough we're going to stop pursuing them," Galvan said.

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加尔文说:“他们被告知,如果他们逃跑的速度够快,我们就会停止追赶他们”%^3r#wVD&,5TlW

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Galvan said he was working with the U.S. Attorney's Office in Las Cruces, New Mexico, to charge child drivers.

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加尔文说,他当时在与新墨西哥州拉斯克鲁塞斯的美国检察官办公室合作起诉儿童司机K1yg;uSuj]n

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Amanda Skinner is an Assistant Federal Public Defender in Las Cruces.

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阿曼达·斯金纳是拉斯克鲁塞斯的联邦公设辩护律师助理~bVf=HhmqN;%A=(ahLl

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She said her office represented four minors for transporting migrants in the first few months of 2022.

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她说,她的办公室在2022年前几个月为运送移民的四名未成年人辩护MU.J6R-oJh0pt^EotW

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In all of 2021, Skinner said there were only six such cases.

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斯金纳说,在2021年全年,只有六起这样的案件UpJE~Et[W-cEG&D7

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Unless the child has been in trouble before, the majority of cases involving minors result in probation until the age of 21, she said.

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她说,除非该儿童以前惹过麻烦,否则大多数涉及未成年人的案件都会被缓刑到21岁b1gUhq1LcF)FhBfH1Uo

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"We don't typically see higher-ups charged," Skinner said, noting the large majority of arrests are of drivers.

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斯金纳说:“我们通常不会看到高层受到指控”,并指出大多数被捕的人都是司机4eh;rWEegK7rKn3

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The administration of U.S. President Joe Biden expects another record-breaking year for border control arrests in the Southwest.

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美国总统乔·拜登领导的政府预计,今年美国西南部边境管制部门逮捕的人数将再创历史新高N4uZJjl!UBpUbNfe@x

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A COVID-era policy that blocked most asylum claims is set to lift in May.

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一项阻止大多数庇护申请的新冠疫情时代的政策将于5月取消00QnphuR@RT

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Sunland Park Mayor Javier Perea sees no easy fix to the child driver problem.

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桑兰德公园市长哈维尔·佩雷亚认为解决儿童司机问题并不容易lX=2mfm5[XtL)|~4

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"The last thing we want to do is criminalize our youth," said Perea.

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佩雷亚说:“我们最不想做的事就是把我们的年轻人当罪犯对待”df(n&cM5Gj*e+zzQuA

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The town provides work possibilities for working-age children and is planning an outreach program to stop drivers.

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该镇为达到工作年龄的儿童提供了工作机会,并计划开展一项阻拦司机的外展计划KX;ABr2qn@t3|J]jw4&B

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Accidents on the road are a top worry.

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道路交通事故是最令人担忧的问题7oY.XeQ9OKSsI0#)

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In 2020, a police chase of a migrant transport led to a deadly crash in El Paso, Texas.

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2020年,在得克萨斯州埃尔帕索,因警方追赶一辆运送移民的汽车而导致了一起致命的撞车事故0c+Df[47aAa

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The 18-year-old driver was carrying ten people in a vehicle designed for five.

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这名18岁的司机驾驶的是一辆可载5人的汽车,而当时车上载有10人]V4gA4+OT3jkUL@%vR=F

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The vehicle crashed as it tried to flee the police.

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这辆汽车在试图逃离警察时撞车了).1Z38[Ch*u+[Kt+D;

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Seven people were killed, including four local children.

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造成7人死亡,其中包括4名当地儿童Gh*g#P1en|T8^T8K

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The American Civil Liberties Union and U.S. lawmakers are calling on Border Patrol to only chase suspects at high speed if they suspect violence has or will take place.

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美国公民自由联盟和美国立法者呼吁边境巡逻队只有在怀疑已经或将会发生暴力事件的情况下才可以高速追捕嫌疑人eBewoIpe0T8NRU0(I

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I'm Gregory Stachel.

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格雷戈里·施塔赫尔为您播报Req&BmGJ9fRT[

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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