干旱加上滥用地下水, 土耳其第二大湖泊已完全干涸
日期:2021-11-09 17:06

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Lake Tuz, Turkey's second-largest lake and home to several kinds of birds, has entirely dried up this year.

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图兹湖是土耳其的第二大湖泊,也是多种鸟类的栖息地!7lhFwkdaI[w%1。今年这片湖泊已经完全干涸了MSoXXE_a+Vn

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Water has also gone down at several other lakes across Turkey.

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土耳其其他几个湖泊的水位也下降了odWY=#.cowwBG=s+Zt5r

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Experts say the lakes are victims of drought brought on by climate change and harmful agricultural policies.

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专家表示,这些湖泊是由气候变化和糟糕的农业政策导致的干旱的受害者s6Z&,[~TdV

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They warn that the entire area around the Mediterranean Sea is especially at risk.

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他们警告说,地中海周围的整个地区都处于特别危险的境地ryXmhXyFa^;Q!qKGTO(W

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Levent Kurnaz is a scientist at Bogazici University's Center for Climate Change and Policy Studies.

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莱文特·库尔纳兹是博阿齐奇大学气候变化与政策研究中心的科学家+B#]sKLGmK*Un0_2Iybu

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He told the Associated Press, "We have rising temperatures and decreasing rain, and on the other side, the water needs for irrigation in agriculture.

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他告诉美联社:“我们面临气温上升、降雨减少的问题,另一方面,农业灌溉用水需求也在增加@bWsRw;G9-AKYs

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It's a bad situation all over Turkey at the moment."

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目前整个土耳其的情况都很糟糕p-yLElm@ve#+M=o,XzU7。”

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For hundreds of years, Lake Tuz has been home to huge groups of flamingos that travel and reproduce there when the weather is warm.

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数百年来,图兹湖一直是大群火烈鸟的栖息地,天气暖和的时候,它们就会迁徙到这里并在这里繁殖后代75Ne,5ZXwS3

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But this summer, thousands of dead flamingos were found spread out across the dried-up lakebed.

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但今年夏天,人们在干涸的湖床上发现了数千只死去的火烈鸟7O^s[NX5xRQs|

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"There were about 5,000 young flamingos.

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法赫里·图克说:“大约有5000只小火烈鸟6vpbDvf8Kebq_H,=

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They all perished because there was no water," said Fahri Tunc.

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它们都因为没有水而死亡5JTxzmbEU#a3ZZ9b6kO。”

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He is the wildlife photographer who took pictures of the dead birds.

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他是一位野生动物摄影师AV2P&rHuqCiv2]。他给这些死去的火烈鸟拍了照片Be+=(X6]C^.N[kirU+

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He also heads the local office of a Turkish environmental group.

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他还是一家土耳其环保组织在当地办公室的负责人p~V&b2ptwrlf@

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Tunc said, "I hope I do not come across such a scene again."

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图克说:“我希望我不会再遇到这样的场景9Xo^#goOg_FAa*。”

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Turkey's state-run Anadolu Agency reported that a study conducted by Ege University shows that water levels at Lake Tuz began to drop in 2000.

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土耳其国营通讯社阿纳多卢通讯社报道说,艾杰大学进行的一项研究显示,图兹湖的水位从2000年开始下降5hA^_n|-Mpq

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The study noted that the lake dried up this year because of rising temperatures, increased evaporation and a lack of rain.

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这项研究指出,由于气温上升、蒸发量增加和降水不足,图兹湖今年干涸了KGW1OzpAiFZ*VRtb!hm&

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The study also noted a sharp decrease in underground water levels around Lake Tuz.

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这项研究还指出,图兹湖周围的地下水位急剧下降XRr1NlN+MHD9jE

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Environmental groups say poor government agricultural policies play a major part in the lack of water in Turkey's lakes.

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环保组织表示,土耳其政府糟糕的农业政策是造成湖泊缺水的主要原因S#d]o_Z.K9brpyeXb

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Farms in the area have started growing profitable but water-intensive crops such as corn, sugarbeets and alfalfa.

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该地区的农场已经开始种植玉米、甜菜和苜蓿等利润丰厚但耗水量大的作物6cyq~r_n^2HpYg0_8x^

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These crops have used up groundwater supplies, Tunc said.

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图克说,这些作物已经耗尽了地下水供应xv=JXl,].aW5mbu4Dnq

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He added that farmers have dug thousands of unapproved wells, while streams supplying water to the lake have dried up.

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他还说,农场主们未经许可挖了数千口水井,而向湖泊供水的溪流已经干涸o(O45X=cb~.Ic

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Tunc is a native of Aksaray, a city to the south of Lake Tuz.

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图克是土生土长的阿克萨雷人,阿克萨雷是图兹湖以南的一座城市9)g7~fgCjDNOG7]*vgV.

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He is saddened by the thought that he will not be able to enjoy the flamingos with his 7-month-old son as he did with his 21-year-old son.

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他曾和他的21岁的儿子一起观赏火烈鸟,但现在想到自己不能再和他的7个月大的儿子一起观赏时,他感到很难过ZXf_(|]x9&F;

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He remains hopeful, however, that Lake Tuz may replenish itself if the government stops the water-intensive agriculture.

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然而,他仍然抱有希望,如果土耳其政府阻止农场主们种植耗水量大的作物,图兹湖可能会自动恢复MXh@gBm#6@

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But climate scientist Kurnaz is less hopeful.

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但是气候科学家库尔纳兹对此不抱太大希望;Qmerly8.N.*K]lSY!P

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He said, "They keep telling people that they shouldn't use groundwater for this agriculture and people are not listening."

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他说:“他们一直在告诉人们,他们不应该把地下水用于农业,但人们根本不听tt,cJAytFhkD*GRe!7。”

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Kurnaz noted, "If you don't pay them enough money, the farmers, they will plant whatever is water-intensive and will make money for them."

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库尔纳兹指出:“如果你不付给农场主们足够的钱,为了赚钱,他们会种植任何耗水量大的作物!TmPke[__RIS1。”

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I'm Jonathan Evans.

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乔纳森·埃文斯为您播报RdB8L%N@58QKZ^s^80F

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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